European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)

Hans Zenger

European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
Member of the Chief Economist Team

Dr. Hans Zenger is a merger coordinator at the Chief Economist Team of DG Competition (European Commission). Prior to joining the Commission, Hans was a Vice President at CRA’s European Competition Practice in Brussels. He has led the economic analysis in a large number of phase 2 mergers and antitrust cases at the Commission and in private practice. Hans holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Munich and an M.Sc. in economics from Universitat Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona). He has published widely on competition economics in journals such as the Antitrust Law Journal and the International Journal of Industrial Organization.


Linked authors

European Commission - DG CNECT (Brussels)
European Commission
European Commission - DG HR (Brussels)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
DG EMPL (Brussels)


1618 Bulletin

Andreas Bergmann, Balázs Horváth, Gábor Koltay, Geneviève Lallemand-Kirche, Giulia Astuti, Hans Zenger, Laura De Lucas Abril The EU Commission blocks attempted merger between the two largest stock exchange operators in Europe, due to their inability to offer remedies that would prevent the creation of a de facto monopoly in the markets for fixed-income clearing (Deutsche Börse / London Stock Exchange)


DB/LSE - Assessing financial infrastructure markets: Network effects, service portfolios and viability of remedies* In a nutshell: The Commission prohibited the merger between the two largest European financial infrastructure groups, Deutsche Börse and London Stock Exchange, in March 2017. This (...)

Hans Zenger Rebates and competition law: An overview of EU and national case law


1. Introduction Offering loyalty rebates is a common and effective competitive strategy that firms use to sell larger volumes to their customers. By granting fidelity discounts, producers lower the effective price their customers have to pay for incremental purchases. Loyalty rebates therefore (...)

Hans Zenger The EU General Court upholds Commission’s decision imposing a fine on a manufacturer for restricting competition and foreclosing competitors by granting exclusivity rebates in the market for computer processors (Intel)


The views expressed in this memo are those of the author’s, and do not reflect the opinions of other CRA experts, or CRA’s clients. A test-case for the effects-based approach In a long-awaited ruling, General Court judgment has confirmed the Commission’s 2009 Intel décision. The Commission’s (...)

Damien Neven, Hans Zenger, Raphaël De Coninck The EU Commission develops a novel theory of harm based on the effect of the transaction on the bargaining power of the new entity (Universal Music Group / EMI Music)


This article has been nominated for the 2014 Antitrust Writing Awards. Click here to learn more about the Antitrust Writing Awards. Mergers and bargaining power: back to the future? Insights from the Universal/EMI merger* The decision to approve the acquisition of EMI’s recorded music rights (...)

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