Eszter Ritter

Lakatos, Köves & Partners (Budapest)
Lawyer (Associate)

Eszter Ritter is a partner to Lakatos Köves & Partners. Before she was an associate in the corporate department of Andrékó Kinstellar (previously Andrékó Linklaters) and specializes in competition law including merger control, cartel cases as well as the misleading of consumers. Before joining Linklaters, she worked for the Budapest office of Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer. Eszter graduated from Pázmány Péter University faculty of law in Budapest in 2003 and also holds a post-graduate diploma in EC law. She speaks Hungarian, English and German and is a member of the Budapest Bar Association.

Linked authors

Lakatos, Köves & Partners (Budapest)
Kinstellar (Budapest)
Kinstellar
Linklaters (London)
Bredin Prat (Paris)
Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen
Cuatrecasas, Goncalves Pereira (Madrid)
HEC (Jouy-en-Josas)

Articles

41664 Bulletin

Eszter Ritter, Zsuzsanna Németh The Hungarian Metropolitan Court dismisses a claim for damages on the basis of bid-rigging established by the Hungarian Competition Office (Közlekedésfejlesztési Koordinációs Központ v Strabag Építő and Debreceni Magas, Mély és Útépítő)

312

On 24 October 2012, the Metropolitan Court (the "Court") dismissed the claim for damages lodged by the Traffic Development Coordination Centre (in Hungarian: "Közlekedésfejlesztési Koordinációs Központ", the "Plaintiff") made against Strabag Építő Zrt. ("Strabag") and Debreceni Magas, Mély és Útépítő (...)

Eszter Ritter, Oláh Tamás The Hungarian Competition Office holds in a cartel case that the statutory immunity relating to agricultural products may be in violation of EU competition law (Watermelon cartel)

64

The Hungarian Competition Office (“HCO”) launched competition supervision proceedings in 2012 against six major supermarket chains and two agricultural professional organisations for forming a price cartel in respect of Hungarian-produced watermelons. On 10 April 2013, the HCO terminated the (...)

Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Supreme Court upholds second instance judgment in the Budapest road construction cartel case and rules on the admissibility of evidence and the applicability of the ECHR to cartel proceedings (Betonút)

219

On 6 February 2012 the Hungarian Supreme Court adopted a judgment in which the decision of the Hungarian Competition Office (“HCO”) and the earlier judgments of the Metropolitan Court and the Metropolitan Court of Appeal in a cartel matter relating to road construction works in Budapest were (...)

Eszter Ritter An Hungarian court of appeal confirms the annulment of the decision of the Competition Office and sets guidelines for repeated proceedings in road construction cartel matter (Egút Egri Építő, Colas Dunántúli Út-és Vasútépítő)

240

The Budapest Metropolitan Court of Appeal (the “Court of Appeal”) recently delivered a judgment that provides an insight into the Court of Appeal’s approach to a number of substantive law and procedural law issues concerning cartel matters. The case before the Court of Appeal concerned the second (...)

Eszter Ritter, Zsuzsanna Németh The Hungarian Constitutional Court rules about the secondary liability of the members of an organization of undertakings, public bodies, associations and other similar organizations

290

Background After the decision in the “Egg cartel” case, the Hungarian Constitutional Court was requested to rule about the compliance of Section 78 (6) and (7) of the Hungarian Competition Act (“HCA”) with the Hungarian Constitution. According to Section 78 (6) and (7) HCA, if the social (...)

Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Supreme Court rules that the railways incumbent request for an unconditional bank guarantee from new entrants to the liberalized railway market does not amount to an abuse of dominant position on the basis of Art. 102 TFEU and its national equivalent (MÁV)

788

In 2006, the Hungarian Competition Office (“HCO”) fined the Hungarian State Railways (“MÁV”) for an abuse of dominant position under Article 82 EC (now Article 102 TFEU) and Section 21 of the Hungarian competition act. In decision no. Vj-22/2005/145, the HCO ruled that following the liberalisation (...)

Csaba Koltai, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office clears concentration in the cement sector and interprets the legal definition of joint control (HeidelbergCement/Schwenk)

647

On 18 February 2010 the Hungarian Competition Office (“HCO”) cleared the acquisition of a 0.01 per cent stake in Duna-Dráva Cement Kft. (“DDC”) by Schwenk Zement KG (“Schwenk”) from HeidelbergCement Central Europe East Holding BV (“Heidelberg”). DDC is a cement factory owned by Heidelberg and Schwenk. (...)

Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office fines banks and international card companies for a breach of Art. 101 TFEU in relation to setting domestic interchange fees (Allianz Bank a. o.)

3413

On 24 September 2009 in proceedings n° Vj-18/2008 launched against 23 Hungarian banks, as well as the international card companies MasterCard and Visa, the Hungarian Competition Office (the "HCO") fined seven Hungarian banks for setting the same domestic interchange fee for all banks and both (...)

Csaba Koltai, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office clears the acquisition of a real estate management company by a holding company of a bank (CIL Buda Square Ingatlanhasznosító, Óbudai Dunapart Irodaház Központ, CIB Bank)

603

On 21 August 2008 CIL Buda Square Ingatlanhasznosító Kft. (“CIL”), a Hungarian property management company owned by CIB Bank Zrt. (“CIB Bank”) acquired from IMMOCAMP S.A. and Jason Invest and Trade LLC 100 per cent of the business quotas in Óbudai Dunapart Irodaház Központ Kft. (“Dunapart”). According (...)

Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office clears with conditions the acquisition of press logistics company by JV of magazine publishers (Ringier Kiadó / Népszabadság / Sanoma Budapest / MédiaLog)

1060

Magyar Előfizetői Vagyonkezelő Kft. ("MEV"), a Hungarian JV owned by the Ringier group (including the Hungarian daily Népszabadság) and the Sanoma group, acquired from F-Log AG 51 per cent of the shares of MédiaLog Zrt. ("MédiaLog"), which is one of the two major magazine distributors in Hungary. (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Dorottya Kereszty, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office establishes that a sale and purchase agreement on trademarks does not qualify as a concentration of undertakings (Maspex / Apenta)

1479

Upon the request of Maspex z.o.o. ("Maspex"), the Hungarian Competition Office ("HCO") initiated an investigation in order to assess whether the transfer of trademarks owned by Apenta Ásványvíz és Üdítõ Kft. ("Apenta"), a mineral water and soft drink producer, to Maspex would qualify as concentration (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office fines 14 road construction companies for price fixing, market sharing and bid rigging (Adeptus Rt.)

1538

The Hungarian Competiton Office (HCO) launched proceedings against fourteen road construction companies (Alterra Kft., Betonút Rt., Debreceni Mély- és Útépítõ Rt., EGÚT Egri Útépítõ Rt., Hídépítõ Rt., HÓDÚT Rt., Hoffmann Rt., MÁV Hídépítõ Rt., MOTA-Engil Rt., Strabag Rt., Swietelsky Kft., Vakond Kft. and (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office clears a merger in the daily newspapers market subject to remedies including tying prohibition and price control, the transaction having been previously prohibited by the NCA and then subject to a new assesment following Court’s judgement (Tabora / Népszabadság)

2341

In 2003, a member of the Ringier group, B.V. Tabora (Tabora), which held 49.97 per cent of the shares in Népszabadság, one of the largest daily newspapers in Hungary, acquired through share swap another 17.68 per cent stake in Népszabadság, thus holding a total of 67.65 per cent. Tabora requested (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office grants individual exemption to insurance companies for the conclusion of consortium agreement (ÁB-Aegon Általános Biztosító)

1583

In 2003, AB-Aegon Általános Biztosító Rt, Allianz Hungária Biztosító Rt., Generali-Providencia Biztosító Rt., OTP-Garancia Biztosító Rt. and Uniqa Biztosító Rt. filed a request for negative clearance or alternatively, a request for an individual exemption with the Hungarian Competition Office (HCO). The (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office fines road constructors for concerted practices during road construction projects in Budapest (Alterra Kft.)

1586

In 2002, the Hungarian Competition Office (HCO) launched proceedings against eight road construction companies including Strabag Rt. (Strabag), EGÚT Egri Útépítő Kft. (EGUT), Hídépítő Rt. (Hídépítő) and Ring Kkt. (Ring), a JV of Strabag and Hídépítő, on the grounds that they were suspected of having (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Dorottya Kereszty, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office decides that the establishment of an undertaking by four shareholders each holding 25 % of the votes does not qualify as a concentration (Baucont, Hérosz, Kipszer, Közév)

1392

Baucont Rt., Hérosz Rt., Kipszer Rt. and Közév Rt., all active in the construction industry, notified the HCO of the establishment of Corvin-Szigony Rt. ("Corvin-Szigony"), a company limited by shares. Pursuant to its Deed of Foundation, Corvin-Szigony was established with the minimum amount of (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Authority fines cement producers for concerting market practices through a cement association and for the abuse of dominant position (Holcim Hungária Rt.)

2852

The Hungarian Competition Office (HCO) launched proceedings against three cement producers : Holcim Hungária Rt. (Holcim), Duna-Dráva Cement Kft. (DDC) and BÉCEM Cement és Mészipari Rt. (BÉCEM) as well as their association : the Hungarian Cement Association (HCA) because of a suspected illegal (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office terminates proceedings in the motorway construction market regarding refusal to conclude a contract (Nemzeti Autópálya Rt.)

1551

In 2002 the Hungarian Competition Office (HCO) launched an investigation against National Motorway Ltd. (NA) in order to determine whether NA was in a dominant position in the motorway construction market, and if yes, whether it abused its dominant position when in 2000, it failed to respond to (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office decides that a dominant company’s refusal to contract does not violate competition law (Wrigley Hungária Kft.)

1211

The Hungarian Competition Office (HCO) launched proceedings against Wrigley Hungária Kft. (Wrigley) in order to determine whether Wrigley abused its dominant position on the sugar free chewing gum market when it changed its distribution system and no longer provided special supply conditions to (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office fines cement manufacturers group for failure to notify the acquisition of joint control but clears the merger (Breitenburger, Schwenk, Heidelberger - BÉCEM)

1586

In 2001, the HCO launched proceedings against Holcim Hungária Cementipari Rt. (Holcim Hungária), Duna-Dráva Cement Kft. (Duna-Dráva), BÉCEM Kőlisztgyártó, Vagyonkezelő és Szolgáltató Cement- és Mészipari Rt. (BÉCEM), Breitenburger Auslandsbeteiligungs GmbH (Breitenburger), Heidelberger Zement AG (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office finds that cable television service provider abused its dominant position through the general terms and conditions applicable to its subscription agreements (UPC)

1325

The Hungarian Competition Office (HCO) launched an investigation against UPC Magyarország Kft. (UPC), a major cable television service provider, in order to determine whether UPC abused its dominant position (a) when in two Hungarian towns, it unilaterally introduced new programme packages with (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office authorises the acquisition of joint control by a Hungarian oil company over a Slovak oil company (MOL / Slovnaft)

2700

The Hungarian Competition Office (“HCO”) initiated an investigation following the application of Hungarian Oil & Gas Company Plc (“MOL”) in which MOL requested the approval for MOL’s acquisition of joint control with Slovintegra a.s. (“Slovintegra“) and Slovbena a.s. (“Slovbena”) (hereinafter (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office clears a merger in the retail distribution after full investigation of de facto control (Csemege Julius Meinl / ALFA Kereskedelmi)

1175

In 1999, Csemege Julius Meinl Rt. (Csemege), a company owning a grocery retail chain, filed a notification with the Hungarian Competition Office (HCO) in which it requested the HCO to permit its acquisition of control in ALFA Kereskedelmi Kft. (ALFA), another grocery retailer. The acquisition (...)

Ádám Máttyus, Dorottya Kereszty, Eszter Ritter The Hungarian Competition Office authorises a concentration through acquisition of minority shareholding with detailed reasoning on de facto control (Renault/Nissan)

1481

The HCO initiated an investigation at the request of Renault S.A. ("Renault") for approval of the concentration of Renault and Nissan Motor Co. ("Nissan"). Renault and Nissan entered into an agreement pursuant to which Renault acquired a shareholding representing 36.8 per cent of the share (...)

2603 Review

Cani Fernández, Delphine Riccardi-Benin, Eszter Ritter, Hugues Calvet, Julien Neto, Laure Gauthier-Lescop, Sir Christopher Bellamy, Stefan Thomas Antitrust fine quantification : Results of an international survey

2603

Un programme de recherche international regroupant des avocats et des académiques a été constitué sous l’égide de Concurrences afin de comparer les modes de calcul des amendes sanctionnant des pratiques anticoncurrentielles. Une double méthodologie émerge de cette comparaison internationale suivant (...)

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