French Competition Authority (Paris) University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne Skema Business School

Emmanuel Combe

French Competition Authority (Paris), University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, Skema Business School

Emmanuel Combe is Vice-President of the French Competition Authority. A specialist in competition, cartels, antitrust, air transport and new economic models, he has published numerous articles and books on these subjects, such as "Economie et politique de la concurrence" (2020, Dalloz). He is the author of several articles and conferences for Concurrences. He has published several studies for Fondapol, including "Vers des prix personnalisés à l’heure du numérique" (2019), "Souveraineté économique, entre désirs et réalité" (2021). Emmanuel Combe is an alumnus of the Ecole Normale Supérieure (LSH), Agrégé de sciences sociales, PhD in economics and Agrégé des Facultés de droit et sciences économiques. He is Professor of Economics at the University of Paris 1 (on secondment) and Professor at Skema Business School.

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Linked authors

French Competition Authority (Paris)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne
University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne

27188 | Events


Comment les économistes appréhendent-ils la concurrence ?
Emmanuel Combe 16 June 2021
Emmanuel Combe (Autorité de la Concurrence)
Emmanuel Combe 21 February 2019 Paris
Emmanuel Combe (Autorité de la concurrence)
Emmanuel Combe 12 February 2019 Paris
Emmanuel Combe (Autorité de la concurrence)
Emmanuel Combe 6 March 2018 Paris
Emmanuel Combe
Emmanuel Combe 22 June 2017 Paris
Emmanuel COMBE - Autorité de la concurrence
Emmanuel Combe 30 September 2014 Paris


96152 Review

Emmanuel Combe La concurrence, Emmanuel COMBE


Competition is an intriguing and worrisome concept, sometimes equated with healthy emulation and sometimes with a form of Darwinism. Economic analysis provides a useful and rigorous guide to overcome these oversimplified views by showing that competition is above all a mechanism for eliminating (...)

Catherine Prieto, Laurence Idot, Emmanuel Combe, Anne Wachsmann, David Bosco, Etienne Pfister, Mathilde Poulain, Marie-Cecile Rameau, Josep M. Carpi Badia, Etienne Chantrel, Didier Theophile, Guy Canivet, Rafael P. Amaro, Henri Piffaut, Doris Hildebrand, Paulo Burnier da Silveira, Fatma El-Zahraa Adel The integration of public interest considerations in the application of competition rules (26 Nov 2020)


The integration of public interest considerations is not only desirable, but possible because of the permeability of the competition rules to the reception of well-being by the competitive parameters of quality, choice and innovation in addition to that of price. The scope for progress depends (...)

Emmanuel Combe, Emmanuel Macron, Nicolas Charbit Emmanuel Macron (French Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs): Competition policy: A weapon to reconcile liberty, equality and economic efficiency


Interview conducted by Emmanuel Combe, French Competition Authority and Nicolas Charbit, Editor in chief Concurrences. Several times, you’ve stated that competition can form part of a progressive vision of society, placing economic freedom and equal opportunities at the centre of debates. Can (...)

Emmanuel Combe, Francesco Rosati, Igor Simic The passing-on defence theory


This set of three papers are derived from the training session on the “Passing on defence” organized by Concurrences Review that has held on 5th July 2011 in Paris. The first contribution written by the economist Emmanuel Combe is dedicated to the definition of the fundamental notions. The second (...)

Constance Monnier-Schlumberger, Emmanuel Combe Cartels in Europe: main features


This article draws an exhaustive panorama of all the cartels convicted by the European Commission (111 cartels convicted from 1959 to 2009) and depicts the cartel profile in Europe. We analyze our sample comparing our results with those obtained from international and U.S. data. We study (...)

Emmanuel Combe What’s wrong with low cost ?


Despite its economic success, the low cost model is often considered as detrimental to consumers because it may reduce the quality level of products and services. Contrary to this view, we argue the low cost model is beneficial for consumers, by allowing them to choose an adequate quality level (...)

Emmanuel Combe The low cost model or the return of price competition


La publication du rapport Beigbeder sur le low cost a retenu l’attention en proposant de faire de ce modèle économique un levier de baisse des prix, au service du pouvoir d’achat. Mais pour le spécialiste de la concurrence, le rapport présente également un autre intérêt, sans doute moins matérialiste. (...)

Constance Monnier-Schlumberger, Emmanuel Combe Fining cartels: An economic approach


This paper provides an empirical methodology to determine fines to be imposed on a cartel which is based on easily computable economic variables. Our approach allows to compare, on a case by case basis, the amount of monetary penalties inflicted by antitrust authorities to the illegal profit (...)

Constance Monnier-Schlumberger, Emmanuel Combe Cartel Profiles in the European Union


Cet article présente la première étude systématique de tous les cartels condamnés par la Commission européenne depuis 1969. Il fournit une analyse de leurs caractéristiques permettant de tracer leur portrait robot - secteurs concernés, nombre de parties à l’accord, évaluation du rôle des associations (...)

Emmanuel Combe, Heiner Haug Brand name drugs and generic drugs at war


Since the beginning of 2006, the economic and legal war between laboratories and generics companies has seen new developments, which lead us to update our study published in issue 1-2006 of this journal. We will focus our attention on two types of behavior that have recently come to the (...)


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