Doris Hildebrand

European Economic & Marketing Consultants (EE&MC), Vrije Universiteit Brussel
President & Professor of Economics

Prof. Doris HILDEBRAND is a Professor of Economics at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, where she teaches EU Competition Policy & State Aid. She is also Founder and Managing Partner of European Economic & Marketing Consultants - EE&MC GmbH, in Bonn, Brussels and Vienna. EE&MC is a consulting company specialized in the application of economics in EU competition law. Hildebrand holds a Master’s degree (1987) and Ph.D. (1990) in social and economic sciences from the University of Economics in Vienna. She earned her state doctorate (Ph.D.) in law 1998 and her LL.M. degree in 1992 from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. In 1989/90, Hildebrand was a researcher at the Department of Economics at the Harvard University, Cambridge, USA. Hildebrand’s academic affiliations also include four years (1994-1998) as Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Groningen and one year (1991) as Assistant Professor of Marketing and International Management at the University of Maastricht. Hildebrand’s current specialisations and research interests are economic analyses and competition assessments of markets in EU competition law proceedings. She publishes extensively on competition economics including her book on “The Role of Economic Analysis in the EC Competition Rules – The European School” which is now already in its third edition (596 pages). Hildebrand is member of the ICC Commission on Competition, the IBA and the editorial board of “World Competition” and a regular speaker at conferences. She is also a sworn in, authorized antitrust expert and examines on a regular basis for courts competition issues.

Linked authors

Université Jean Moulin - Lyon III
Université Catholique de Louvain
ESSEC Business School (Cergy)
British Competition Authority - CMA (London)
European Court of Justice (Brussels)
US Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Hong Kong Competition Commission
George Mason University


1474 Review

Doris Hildebrand Article 3 (2) in fine: Time for review


The exception to the convergence rule as defined in Article 3 (2) of Regulation 1/2003 addresses undertakings that do not have a dominant position within the meaning of Article 102 TFEU. Some new Member States like the Czech Republic use this exception in a bizarre way thereby re-establishing (...)


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