Caroline Naômé

European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)

Caroline Naômé works at the Court of Justice of the European Union. She started her professional career in 1980 as a lawyer in Liège (Belgium). She joined the Research and Documentation Directorate of the Court of Justice in 1987. In 1994, she became legal secretary to Advocate General Walter van Gerven, then worked for Judge Leif Sevón (1995 to 2001) and has worked for Judge Allan Rosas since 2002. She has a first degree in law (University of Liège, 1980), a master’s degree in Economic Law (University of Liège, 1983) and an MBA (Open University, 2000). She publishes regularly on European procedural law.

Linked authors

University Paris II Panthéon‑Assas
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)


664 Review

Caroline Naômé, Jacques Steenbergen, Laurence Idot Interplay between public and private enforcement: Uniform implementation of EU competition law and the principle of ne bis in idem (10 ans d’application du règlement 1/2003 et de la loi luxembourgeoise relative à la concurrence, Luxembourg-Kirchberg, 6 juin 2014)


Two themes were covered in the roundtable. The principle of ne bis in idem concerns the interplay between different procedures of sanctions of a public nature. The interplay between public and private enforcement has been considered in the draft damages directive and in the French case-law, (...)

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