LEGAL PRACTICE: RESTRICTIVE PRACTICES - COMPETENCE - SPECIALISATION OF JURISDICTIONS

Specialisation of jurisdictions concerning restrictive practices: The consequences of the reversal in case law of 29 March 2017

Since the case law was overturned on 29 March 2017, the exclusive jurisdiction of the Court of appeal of Paris to hear appeals lodged against decisions on practices which restrict competition is limited to only decisions issued by specialized courts under Articles L.442-6, III, 5° and D.442-3 of the Commercial Code. On the contrary, where a non specialized court issues a ruling on Article L.446-6 of the Commercial Code, the appeal lodged before the Court of appeal that is territorially competent will be henceforth admissible. However, the Court of appeal will not be able to rule on the practice which restricts competition and will need to raise of its own motion an abuse of power by the first court. This new jurisprudence, more compliant with the letter of the texts, encourages practitioners to be particularly careful when bringing an action based on Article L.442-6 of the Commercial Code.

1. Le législateur a choisi d’attribuer le contentieux des pratiques restrictives de concurrence relevant de l’article L. 442-6 du code de commerce à des juridictions spécialisées (loi no 2008-776 du 4 août 2008). Les articles L. 442-6, III, 5° et D. 442-3 du code de commerce prévoient, en effet, qu’en première instance, les tribunaux de commerce ou TGI de Bordeaux, Marseille, Fort-de-France, Lyon, Nancy, Paris, Rennes et Tourcoing sont compétents, la cour d’appel de Paris l’étant à titre exclusif pour connaître des appels exercés contre les décisions rendues par ces juridictions [1]. 2. Outre le fait que cette spécialisation est critiquée, en raison de l’engorgement des juridictions spécialisées qui en découle, compte tenu, notamment, de la densité du contentieux de la rupture brutale des relations

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Pierre Le Moing, Specialisation of jurisdictions concerning restrictive practices: The consequences of the reversal in case law of 29 March 2017, November 2017, Concurrences Review N° 4-2017, Art. N° 84887, www.concurrences.com

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