CASE COMMENT: STATE AIDS - COMMISSION DECISION ORDERING A STATE AID RECOVERY - LIMITS OF NATIONAL PROCEDURAL AUTONOMY - IMMEDIATE AND EFFECTIVE EXECUTION - NATIONAL PROCEDURE PROVIDING THAT ACTIONS BROUGHT AGAINST DEMANDS FOR PAYMENT ISSUED BY NATIONAL AUTHORITIES HAVE SUSPENSORY EFFECT

Suspensory effect: The ECJ holds that by providing for the suspensory effect of actions brought against demands for payment issued for the recovery of aid granted, the procedure laid down by French law and applied in the present case cannot be considered to allow the "immediate and effective" execution of the Commission decision (Commission v. France)

ECJ, 5 October 2006, Commission v. France, case C-232/05 En vertu du principe de la primauté du droit communautaire, les juridictions nationales (comme les autorités administratives elles-mêmes) doivent laisser inappliquées les règles nationales contraires au droit communautaire. C'est ainsi que la Cour a pu exiger des juridictions nationales, dans le contexte de l'exécution des décisions par lesquelles la Commission ordonne à un État membre de récupérer auprès du bénéficiaire les aides incompatibles avec le marché commun et illégalement mises à exécution, qu'elles écartent les règles nationales, y compris les règles constitutionnelles qui pourraient faire obstacle à l'exécution de cette décision, qu'il s'agisse des règles du droit des sociétés, du droit fiscal ou des règles sur le retrait des actes

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Jean-Yves Chérot, Suspensory effect: The ECJ holds that by providing for the suspensory effect of actions brought against demands for payment issued for the recovery of aid granted, the procedure laid down by French law and applied in the present case cannot be considered to allow the "immediate and effective" execution of the Commission decision (Commission v. France), 5 October 2006, Concurrences Review N° 4-2006, Art. N° 12578, pp. 110

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