TRENDS: LAW & ECONOMICS - DG COMPETITION ORGANISATION AND PROCEDURES - CHIEF ECONOMIST - USE OF ECONOMIC AND ECONOMETRIC EVIDENCE

DG COMP Reform: An assessment

In 2003 and 2004, the European Commission made a series of significant reforms both to Community competition law and DG Competition. The legislative reforms were accompanied by equally far-reaching internal reforms to the organisation and procedures within DG Competition. This set of three articles (the first in French, the two others in English) assesses the reforms two years after: the first author, now Chief Economist at DGCCRF - French NCA - was a member of the first chief economist team; the second author, member of the Brussels Bar, delivers a practitioner’s point of view after more than 30 years dealing with the EC Commission; the last authors are economists, both practitioners and academics and review the DG COMP reform; They note that the application of economic principles as well as the use of economic and econometric evidence in competition policy cases entail some risks. They call for more guidance to those involved in the generation of economic evidence for use in competition policy cases.

Objectifs et modalités de la réforme : Un premier bilan Dr. Valérie Rabassa* Chef Economiste, DGCCRF I. La modernisation du droit européen de la concurrence Entre 2000 et 2005, la modernisation du droit européen de la concurrence s'est progressivement mise en place avec tout d'abord, le 1er mai 2004, l'entré en vigueur de : (i) une série de règles d'application des dispositions du traité CE relatives aux ententes restrictives de concurrence (article 81) et aux abus de positions dominantes (Article 82) d'autre part; (ii) un nouveau règlement sur les concentrations ainsi que des lignes directrices en matière d'analyse de concentrations horizontales. En 2005, la réforme s'est poursuivie avec la présentation, par la Commission, d'un plan d'action devant conduire, sur cinq ans, à une réforme

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Valérie Rabassa, David Sevy, Jorge Padilla, Jean-François Bellis, DG COMP Reform: An assessment, May 2007, Concurrences Review N° 2-2007, Art. N° 13578, pp. 8-15

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