CONFERENCES : ALGORITHMS - PRICING - DECENTRALISATION - ANTICOMPETITIVE EFFECTS

Algorithms and competition (Paris, 6 June 2017)

Computer science and digital information have profoundly transformed business. This transformation comes with immense promises but also considerable risks. It is obviously as false to believe in all these promises as to be convinced of the inevitability of all the risks. In this article, we consider different key aspects of the digital transformation of business, promises and risks. The objective of this article is to explain the economic advantages of algorithmic pricing and to discuss their pro- and anticompetitive effects. The lack of rigorous empirical studies to prove an increased risk of collusion implies that no specific regulation of algorithmic pricing is currently needed.

Les algorithmes du commerce Serge Abiteboul Directeur de recherche à l’Institut national de recherche en informatique et automatique (Inria), ENS Paris Membre de l’Académie des sciences Introduction 1. Le point final d’un échange commercial est souvent encore aujourd’hui un échange entre des biens physiques, par exemple un billet de dix euros contre un kilo de cerises et deux pièces de deux euros. Pourtant, de plus en plus, le produit est numérique – un livre, une chanson… –, et le paiement également. Surtout, toutes les étapes qui accompagnent l’achat tendent à devenir numériques : la publicité qui a vanté le produit, la sélection et la commande, le réap­provi­sion­nement, la facturation, le paiement, les relations entre le client et le fournisseur… Dans un acte commercial, presque tout est échange

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Thierry Pénard, Serge Abiteboul, Algorithms and competition (Paris, 6 June 2017), February 2018, Concurrences Review N° 1-2018, Art. N° 85863, www.concurrences.com

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