LEGAL PRACTICE : PROGRAMMES DE CONFORMITE - MANDATORY COMPLIANCE MECHANISMS - SAPIN II LAW

Competition Compliance 2.0

Over the past decade, competition authorities have encouraged companies to deploy competition compliance programs and have developed numerous recommendations to that effect. At the same time, other compliance mechanisms were developed notably in the financial regulation and fight against corruption fields. But unlike competitive compliance, which remains optional, these compliance schemes are now imposed by the texts. This is reflected in the "Sapin II"French law on transparency, the fight against corruption and the modernization of economic life of 8 November 2016. Mandatory compliance programs are setting the standards for organization of conformity in companies. In this context, competition compliance should either merge into these compliance mandatory organization, or be marginalized. The present analysis proposes several ways to ease this integration, while maintaining the subject of competition at the heart of the companies compliance function.

1. La conformité concurrence s’inspire à l’origine des lignes directrices fédérales américaines sur la détermination des sanctions de 1991 [1] définissant les sept conditions d’un programme de conformité efficace [2]. Au début des années 2000, les recommandations des lignes directrices fédérales américaines incitent plusieurs autorités de concurrence européennes à s’investir sur le sujet conformité. C’est ainsi qu’en 2007, le Conseil de la concurrence prononce une série de décisions par lesquelles il accepte de réduire le montant de sanctions prononcées à l’encontre d’entreprises, sous réserve que ces dernières s’engagent à mettre en œuvre des mesures de formation, de contrôle, et de communication interne sur le respect des règles de concurrence [3]. En 2011, plusieurs autorités publient des lignes directrices

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Jean-Baptiste Siproudhis, Competition Compliance 2.0, February 2017, Concurrences Review N° 1-2017, Art. N° 83481, www.concurrences.com

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