CONFERENCE: COMPETITION POLICY - REGULATION - EVOLUTIONS - GOALS

From competition protection to market regulation (Towards a new competition law? Lyon, 28 May 2015)

Competition law progresses on a cylical basis. Its initial objective was the protection of competitors through the law on unfair competition and the law on restrictive practices. Then came the antitrust law which no longer sought to protect competitors but rather competition itself. Currently, competition law is in its third stage which is aimed at directly controlling the degree of market concentration through market studies and the desire to implement structural injunctions. In order to conserve a minimum legal dimension inherent to the rule of law, it is imperative to frame regulation clearly.

De la protection de la concurrence à la régulation du marché Louis Vogel Professeur, Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II), Avocat au barreau de Paris 1. Le droit de la concurrence, en mouvement et en construction permanents, obéit à un principe de développement qui rappelle certaines théories économiques comme les cycles de Léontief ou les étapes de la croissance de Rostow. 2. Fondé sur la faute, civile d’abord, de concurrence ensuite, le droit de la concurrence a traditionnellement pour objet la protection des concurrents [1]. En France, ce droit de la concurrence protecteur comporte deux branches : la concurrence déloyale, qui, même si elle les déforme, recourt aux concepts classiques de la responsabilité civile (faute, dommage, lien de causalité) et que met en œuvre le juge judiciaire ; la

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Louis Vogel, Josefine Hederström, Cyril Nourissat, Jean-Pierre Viennois, From competition protection to market regulation (Towards a new competition law? Lyon, 28 May 2015), February 2016, Concurrences Review N° 1-2016, Art. N° 77374, www.concurrences.com

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