The European Commission fines a producer of collectible products and confectionery popular with young children for preventing parallel imports of stickers and game cards (Topps, Pokemon)

"Commission imposes fine on Topps for preventing parallel imports of Pokémon stickers and cards"*1. Introduction On 26 May 2004, the Commission adopted a decision finding that The Topps Company Inc and its European subsidiaries, Topps Europe Ltd, Topps International Ltd, Topps UK Ltd and Topps Italia SRL, (all referred to as ‘Topps‘ if not indicated otherwise) infringed Article 81(1) of the Treaty. A fine of EUR 1.59 million was imposed [1]. The decision concluded that Topps entered into a series of agreements and concerted practices with several of its intermediaries in the United Kingdom, Italy, Finland, Germany, France and Spain with the object of restricting parallel imports of Pokémon collectibles from February 2000 until November 2000. 2. The company and the products Topps is a

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Christoph Hermes, The European Commission fines a producer of collectible products and confectionery popular with young children for preventing parallel imports of stickers and game cards (Topps, Pokemon), 26 May 2004, e-Competitions Bulletin Parallel imports, Art. N° 36879

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