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Mitigation of fines: An overview of EU and national case law

In writing a Foreword on this topic, I am something of a recidivist. A fuller contribution describing the principles, decisional practice and case law up to 2014 was published in e-Competitions, on 15 April 2014 [1]. This Foreword is designed to bring the narrative up-to-date to accompany the contributions in this Special Edition. The principal sanction available to the Commission and to national competition authorities (NCA) for infringements of the competition rules is the imposition of fines. In the UK a fine levied on the undertakings concerned is supplemented by the possibility of director disqualification, fines and imprisonment for the individuals who instigate and manage the cartels. Note that EU competition laws or UK competition laws based on them have not been criminalised

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Thomas Sharpe QC, Mitigation of fines: An overview of EU and national case law, 1 November 2018, e-Competitions Bulletin Mitigation of fines, Art. N° 88055

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