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Tying

Anticompetitive practices

The Dutch Competition Authority dismisses alleged predatory pricing, tying and bundling, discriminatory pricing and foreclosure through exclusive and/or multi-year contracts in the postal market (Sandd/TNT)
ASML
I. Introduction On 15 December 2009 the Dutch Competition Authority (NMa) dismissed a complaint from Dutch postal delivery service Sandd against competitor TNT and certain subsidiaries. Sandd claimed that TNT had violated article 102 TFEU and the equivalent national provision. It argued that (...)

A US District Court denies motion to dismiss the complaint finding insufficient arguments to warrant a dismissal of the claims on per se tying and block-booking on the market for cable television (Cablevision / Viacom International)
Womble Carlyle Sandridge & Rice (Charlotte)
Suit Challenging Cable Bundling Survives Motion to Dismiss* Cable subscribers, tired of being forced to purchase more obscure channels like VH1 Classic and Teen Nick in order to get their nightly Daily Show fix on Comedy Central, should be encouraged by a recent antitrust decision out of the (...)

The Competition Authority of Bosnia & Herzegovina addresses anti-competitive regulations in the regional market for medicines reimbursed under national health insurance system (Cantonal Government of Zenica-Doboj and the Cantonal Health Insurance Office of Zenica-Doboj)
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 28 February 2012 the Competition Authority of Bosnia & Herzegovina (KV) established that the Cantonal Government of Zenica-Doboj (Ze-Do Government) and the Cantonal Health Insurance Office of Zenica-Doboj (Ze-Do Office) by adopting a series of sector-specific regulations have restricted (...)

A US Court of Appeals precludes tying claims brought by an hospital upholding the direct-purchaser rule under the Illinois Brick doctrine (Warren General Hospital/Amgen)
Wolters Kluwer (Riverwoods)
Illinois Brick Direct-Purchaser Rule Precludes Tying Claims by Hospital* The U.S. Court of Appeals in Philadelphia earlier this week reaffirmed the “bright-line” rule limiting federal antitrust standing to direct purchasers. The court upheld dismissal (CCH 2010-1 Trade Cases ¶77,043) of an (...)

The China’s Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC) issues pilot administrative measures for commercial banks to make equity investment in insurance companies
AnJie Law (Beijing)
A Look At the New Rule On Financial Integrated Operation: From the Perspective of Competition Law* On November 26, 2009, China’s Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC) issued the Pilot Administrative Measures for Commercial Banks to Make Equity Investment in Insurance Companies (the “Measures”). (...)

The Italian Antitrust Authority launches an investigation on alleged restrictive practices in the cosmetic sector (Cosmetics and toiletries companies)
Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer
On 12 June 2008 the Autoritá Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato (Italian Antitrust Authority, IAA) started an investigation for alleged restrictive practices against the Italian subsidiaries of a number of multinational companies active in the cosmetic sector and, namely: Henkel, Unilever, (...)

The US Supreme Court reaffirms market power requirement to determine a tying arrangement as per se unlawful (Independent Ink)
BakerHostetler (Washington)
Are tying arrangements illegal per se?* In the deep, dark antitrust dungeon reserved for per se offenses, only one species of conduct remains that does not involve a horizontal conspiracy: tying arrangements. Minimum resale pricing agreements tunneled their way out thanks to the Supreme (...)

The US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit reverses the ruling of the lower court maintaning that a rebuttable presumption arises from the possession of patent rights to tying engineered fastening systems (Independent Ink / Illinois Tool Works)
Sheppard Mullin (Los Angeles)
Of Bats And Sunshine: Presumption Of Market Power In Patent Tying Case Alive But Rebuttable* In January, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit issued an opinion in Independent Ink Inc. v. Illinois Tool Works, Inc.. Addressing the issue whether, in a Section 1 tying case, a rebuttable (...)

The European Commission holds that investigation into German insurance industry did not reveal sufficient threat of foreclosure through tied agents (BIPAR)
University of Oxford
"Complaint against German insurers withdrawn after Commission preliminary investigations did not reveal sufficient threat of foreclosure through tied agents"* Introduction On 6 October 2003, the European Federation of Insurance Intermediaries, BIPAR, withdrew its complaint against German (...)

The Hungarian Competition Authority fines cement producers for concerting market practices through a cement association and for the abuse of dominant position (Holcim Hungária Rt.)
lakatos, koves and partners
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lakatos, koves and partners
The Hungarian Competition Office (HCO) launched proceedings against three cement producers : Holcim Hungária Rt. (Holcim), Duna-Dráva Cement Kft. (DDC) and BÉCEM Cement és Mészipari Rt. (BÉCEM) as well as their association : the Hungarian Cement Association (HCA) because of a suspected illegal (...)

Dominance

The US antitrust enforcing agencies hold a one-day public workshop to explore the economics and legal policy implications of certain pricing practices, such as loyalty and bundled pricing
University of Michigan
FTC/DOJ Workshop on Conditional Pricing Practices – Good as Far as It Goes* On June 23, 2014, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission and Department of Justice Antitrust Division held a workshop on “conditional pricing practices”—loyalty discounts, bundled discounts and similar pricing techniques. Many (...)

The French Competition Authority receives commitments concerning certain exclusionary practices consisting in particular of tying the purchase of brand coffee capsules to that of coffee machines (Nespresso)
Stanford University - Stanford Law School
Nespresso offers commitments to lift barriers to entry for other coffee capsule makers in France* On 17 April 2014 the French Competition Authority (“AdlC”) published a press release and a market test notice illustrating the measures that Nespresso proposed to lift barriers to entry for other (...)

A US District Court dismisses tying claim related to the market for distribution of hotel content since the tying product and the tied product were not separate (Pro Search Plus / VFML Leonardo)
Sheppard Mullin (Los Angeles)
De Facto Exclusive Dealing: What a Difference a Day Makes* In Competition Law360, September 4, 2013, we reported on the dismissal of a complaint which alleged, inter alia, exclusive-dealing claims in a market described as the management and distribution of “photographs in rich media content for (...)

The Competition Commission of Cyprus finds that the free administration of a vaccine with every purchase of vaccines constitutes unlawful tying (Panayotou/Wyeth)
University College London
The decision of the Cypriot Competition Commission issued on 12 April 2013 concerns a complaint submitted on 07/10/2005 by Akis Panayotou and Son Ltd (from now on ‘’the complainant’’) against Wyeth Hellas SA (Cyprus Branch) which has been since succedeed by Pfizer Hellas Commercial Industrial (...)

The Guangdong High Court rules against plaintiff in high-profile on-line abuse of dominance case (Qihoo / Tencent)
Fingleton Associates (London)
On the 28th March 2013 the Guangdong High Court published their eagerly awaited decision regarding the abuse of dominance antitrust dispute between Qihoo 360 (Qihoo, the Plaintiff) and Tecent QQ (Tencent, the Defendant). The decision was over fifty thousand Chinese characters in length. This (...)

The European Commission imposes a fine for non-compliance with browser choice commitments (Microsoft)
European Commission (Brussels)
European Commission: Microsoft fined for Non-Compliance with Browser Choice Commitments* On 6 March 2013, the European Commission (the Commission) imposed a fine on Microsoft for failing to comply with binding commitments. According to those commitments, Microsoft had to display to Windows (...)

The French Competition Authority sanctions a professional body and an association for exclusionary practices implemented in the sector of electronic transfer of tax and accounting data (French Association of Chartered Accountants)
Baker Botts (Brussels)
Following a complaint submitted in December 2010, the French Competition Authority (hereinafter the ’FCA’) adopted on 28 February 2013 a decision (hereinafter the ’Decision’) whereby it fined two bodies a total of €1,247,220 for an abuse of a dominant position in the sector of online transmission of (...)

The US Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit affirms judgment that incompatibility of products did not constitute monopolization on the market for pulse oximetry monitors (Tyco Health)
Stanford University - Stanford Law School
U.S. 9th Circuit affirms judgment that incompatibility of products did not constitute monopolization* On 6 January 2010 the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit affirmed a U.S. District Court (Central District of California) grant of summary judgment on a monopoly maintenance claim (...)

The French Competition Authority renders legally binding some commitments offered to solve competition concerns raised in the distribution of insurance products to golfers (Eurogolf / Fédération Française de Golf)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Autorité de la concurrence makes the commitments proposed by the ’Fédération Française de Golf’ mandatory. Golf players (or licensees) may take out insurance of their choice, which may differ from that offered (...)

The EU Commission publishes commitments offered by Canadian aluminum manufacturer to resolve tying allegations (Alcan)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 10 August 2012, the Commission published in the Official Journal commitments offered by Alcan to address the Commission’s investigation of alleged tying practices by that company. According to the Commission, its preliminary assessment indicates that Alcan has a dominant position in (...)

The EU General Court upholds a periodic penalty payment imposed by the Commission on an undertaking for failing to share adequate interoperability information (Microsoft)
Blackstone Chambers
“Imprecise legal concepts” are no excuse* The second chapter of the Microsoft saga unfolded on 27 June 2012, when the General Court largely upheld the €899 million periodic penalty payment imposed on Microsoft for failing to share adequate interoperability information with its competitors. (...)

The Macedonian High Administrative Court upholds the NCA’s infringement decision concerning an abuse of dominant position on the funeral services market (JPKD Komunalec Strumica)
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 9 May 2012 the Macedonian High Administrative Court (VUS) upheld, as a second instance court, the infringement decision of the Macedonian Competition Authority (KZK) against the municipal undertaking JPKD Komunalec Strumica (Komunalec) for the abuse of dominant position on the funeral (...)

A Chinese Intermediate Court dismisses antitrust claims for failing to prove abusive conduct in the car aftermarket (Dongfeng Nissan case)
Institute of American Studies
The Dongfeng Nissan Case and the Gaps of China’s Competition Law Regime in Tackling Vertical Restraints* The recent Dongfeng Nissan Case shed some interesting lights on the status of vertical restraints rules in China, three years after China’s Anti-Monopoly Law (AML) became effective in August (...)

The Swedish Market Court finds taxi traffic control companies’ additional fee for enhanced pre-ordering services abusive (Uppsala Taxi, Europark, Swedavia)
General Court of the European Union (Luxembourg)
On 23 November 2011, the Swedish Market Court handed down its judgment in Uppsala Taxi 100 000 AB (“Uppsala Taxi”) v. Europark Svenska Aktiebolag (“Europark”) and Swedavia AB (“Swedavia”). Uppsala Taxi brought proceedings against Europark and Swedavia (the “Defendants”) for an alleged abuse of a (...)

The Turkish Competition Board rules that the tying arrangements on cartridges implemented by leading printers manufacturer does not constitute an abuse of dominant position (Xerox)
Erdem & Erdem
The Competition Board (the “Board”) decided that integrated circuit implementation in cartridges branded Xerox does not create an abuse of dominant position as stated in Article 6 of the Act No. 4054 on the Protection of Competition (the “Competition Act”) since this system does not prevent (...)

The Luxembourg Competition Council holds that cable operator did not properly implemented all the corrective measures imposed in its decision concerning an abuse of dominant position in the market for the distribution of TV programs by cable, DSL and satellite (CODITEL)
Brown Brothers Harriman (BBH) (Luxembourg)
,
Arendt & Medernach (Luxembourg)
FACTS OF THE DECISION The Luxembourg Competition Council (“the Competition Council”) issued a first decision on 10 December 2010 (“the Decision”) sanctioning Coditel under Article 5 of the Luxembourg competition Act (the “Competition Act”) on the grounds it abused its dominant position on the market (...)

A US District Court dismisses the antitrust counterclaims alleging monopolization on the market for maintainance of printers, while allowing the tortious interference claims to continue (Océ North America / MCS)
Sheppard Mullin (Los Angeles)
Aftermarket Monopolization Claims Dismissed as Afterthought* Plaintiff Océ North America, Inc. ("Océ") brought an action against a service market supplier for copyright infringement. Defendant MCS Services, Inc. ("MCS") filed a Kodak-style "aftermarket" monopolization counterclaim, in addition (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority finds no abuse of dominance in bundled insurance packages (Croatia osiguranje)
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 21 April 2011 the Croatian Competition Authority (AZTN) closed its investigation into the alleged abuse of dominant position by the leading insurance company Croatia osiguranje d.d. (Crosig). The AZTN found no abuse of dominance in the bundled insurance packages offered by Crosig stating (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority fines a broadcasting company and its subsidiary for abusing their dominant position in the market for audiovisual retransmission rights of football matches (Mediapro and Gol TV)
Kim & Chang
The Spanish competition authority (CNC) has fined jointly MEDIAPRODUCCIÓN S.L. (MEDIAPRO) and its subsidiary GOL TV 500,000 Euros for abusing its dominant position in the market for audiovisual retransmission rights of football matches. The facts that have led to the decision of the CNC can be (...)

The Serbian Competition Authority prosecutes public company for abuse of dominance on the funeral services market (GGK)
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 27 January 2011 the Serbian Competition Authority (KZK) has sanctioned the public undertaking JKP Gradska groblja Kragujevac (GGK) for abusing its dominant position on the market for administration of cemeteries in the city of Kragujevac by way of leveraging its market power into the (...)

The Romanian Competition Authority finds no abuse of dominance in a situation of monopsony on the steel products market (Cost, Steron)
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 22 December 2010 the Romanian Competition Authority (CC) completed its investigation into the possible abuse of dominance on the market for the cold drawn alloy steel bars manufactured by SC COST SA (COST). The CC’s investigation was prompted by a complained lodged by SC PCC STEROM SA (...)

The Luxembourg Competition Council releases a decision imposing remedies on an undertaking active on the cabled distribution market (Coditel)
Brown Brothers Harriman (BBH) (Luxembourg)
,
Arendt & Medernach (Luxembourg)
On 10 December 2010, the Luxembourg Competition Council (“the Council”) has adopted the decision N°2010-FO-02 providing an assessment of the competition law situation on the TV cabled distribution market. Beside a previous decision where the President of the Council has imposed “interim measures” (...)

The Chinese National Development and Reform Commission (NDCR) completes an investigation for tying conduct in the salt market (Wuchang Salt)
China Competition Bulletin (Beijing)
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China Competition Bulletin (Beijing)
,
Institute of American Studies
Decision Against Abuse of Dominance Made under China’s Anti-Monopoly Law: Tying Conduct of the Hubei Salt Industry Group, Wuchang Branch* The local price bureau of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) in Hubei (Hubei Price Bureau) has completed an investigation of a tying case. (...)

The French Competition Authority issues a decision making compulsory commitments made by two companies to resolve competition concerns in the household plastic packaging waste treatment (Eco-Emballages & Valorplast)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Eco-Emballages and Valorplast commit to greater neutrality vis-à-vis local and regional administrations in order to ensure full competition between buyers.* Following a referral by DKT International, the (...)

The US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit limits patent misuse doctrine and distinguishes it from antitrust violation (Princo)
Jones Day (Washington)
,
Kirkland & Ellis (Chicago)
,
Jones Day (Cleveland)
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit issued an en banc decision with significant implications for the doctrine of patent misuse. The decision issued last week overturns part of a Federal Circuit panel decision last year holding that Philips may have committed patent misuse by (...)

The EU Commission initiates formal investigations in two cases of suspected abuse of dominant market position (IBM)
Stanford University - Stanford Law School
European Commission investigates IBM’s conduct on the mainframe market* On 26 July 2010, the European Commission issued a press release stating that IBM is subject to a formal investigation for two alleged abuses of its dominant position on the market for mainframe computers in breach of (...)

The Belgium Competition Council dismisses a complaint against the incumbent telecoms operator regarding the access to its broadband network (Mobistar / Belgacom)
Philippe & Partners (Brussels)
,
Arendt & Medernach (Luxembourg)
I. The parties Belgacom S.A. is the incumbent operator on the Belgian telecom market. It controls the landline, physical telecommunication network infrastructures and provides internet and telephony services. Mobistar S.A. is a member of the Orange Group, subsidiary of France Telecom. It (...)

The French Competition Authority issues an ex-officio opinion on crossed usage of client databases in the telecommunications sector
European Commission (Brussels)
France: Autorité de la concurrence issues Ex-officio Opinion on Crossed Usage of Client Databases in the Telecommunication Sector On 14 June 2010, the Autorité de la concurrence delivered an opinion on the question of crossed usage of client databases (known as “cross selling” practices), and more (...)

The Macedonian Competition Authority finds an abuse of dominant position on the funeral services market (Komunalec)
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 18 December 2009 the Macedonian Competition Authority (KZK) found an abuse of dominant position on the market for funeral services rendered on the territory of the municipality of Prilep. The municipal government entrusted the administration of cemeteries and provision of basic funeral (...)

The European Commission renders legally binding commitment offered by US software undertaking concerning web browsers (Microsoft)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
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European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
,
FTI Consulting (Brussels)
"The Commission’s decision in the Microsoft Internet Explorer case and recent developments in the area of interoperability"* I. Commitment decision on the tying of Internet Explorer to Windows A. Introduction On 16 December 2009, the Commission adopted a commitment decision (‘the Decision’) (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority finds no abuse of dominance in the postal sector (TNT)
De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB)
,
Smeets Van Empel advocaten (Amsterdam)
I. Introduction On 15 December 2009 the Dutch Competition Authority (“NMa”) adopted a decision by which it found no signs of abuse of a dominant position by TNT N.V. (“TNT”),an undertaking in the Dutch postal sector. Following a complaint from another undertaking in the postal sector, Sandd (...)

The Lithuanian Competition Council for the third time finds the State controlled airport guilty of abuse of a dominant position in operating airport facilities (Vilnius Airport / Baltic ground services)
Sorainen (Vilnius)
On 5 November 2009 the Lithuanian Competition Council (LCC) delivered its third infringement decision, in a two-year period, against the Vilnius international airport operator, State Enterprise Tarptautinis Vilniaus oro uostas for (TVOU), for the anti-competitive practice of tying the service (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority dismisses tying charges following commitments (Heinz tomato seeds - Sugalidal)
University of Lisbon
,
Abreu Advogados
Following the acceptance of the commitments offered by food-industry company Sugalidal - Indústrias de Alimentação, the Portuguese Competition Authority (PCA) published on 15 October a press release announcing the dismissal of charges regarding abuse of dominance under the form of tying practices. (...)

The European Commission market tests commitments proposed by a leading software company to address allegations of tying an internet browser (Microsoft)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
,
Practising Law Institute
On 7 October 2009, the Commission announced that it was beginning a market test of commitments offered by Microsoft to address allegations that it tied its web browser Internet Explorer with its client PC operating system. The move follows the publication of a Statement of Objections earlier (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority fines a telecommunication operator for concluding contracts of excessive duration and offering abusive bundled rebates (Abertis)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
,
Practising Law Institute
On 19 May 2009, the Spanish Competition Authority adopted a decision against Abertis for concluding contracts of excessive duration and offering bundled rebates contrary to Article 82 EC and the Spanish equivalent provision. Abertis is a group of undertakings active in the management of various (...)

The Cypriot Commission for the Protection of Competition holds two pharmaceutical companies as having abused their dominant position in the vaccines market throught quantitative reductions and free distribution of vaccines (Akis Panayiotou - Wyeth Hellas - Phadisco)
Antoniou Advocates
The Cyprus Commission for the Protection of Competition (“CPC”) found the Wyeth Hellas A.E.B.E. Pharmaceutical Products (Cyprus branch) (“Wyeth”) and Phadisco Ltd (“Phadisco”) to have abused its dominant position in the market of pneumonococcus vaccines, in violation of article 6(1)(d) of the (...)

The Paris Court of appeal reverses a decision of the Commercial Court which ordered the telephone incumbent to suspend the conditioned sale of its football dedicated channel to the subscription to its triple play offer (Orange Foot-France Télécom)
Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (Paris)
,
Lni avocats (Paris)
On 14 May 2009, the Paris Court of appeal reversed a decision of the Paris Commercial Court dated 23 February which ordered France Telecom to suspend the conditioned sale of its football dedicated channel “Orange Foot” to the subscription to its triple play offer. The Paris Court of Appeal held (...)

The French Competition Authority dismisses application for interim measures against a leading mobile telephony operator in bundling case (Orange)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
,
Practising Law Institute
On 2 April 2009, the French Competition Authority dismissed SFR‘s application for interim measures against Orange concerning the latter’s bundled offer of its broadband and «Unik« mobile telephony services. Orange‘s «Unik« package is characterised by the convergence between fixed and mobile telephony: (...)

The European Commission publishes its guidance paper on exclusionary abuses under Article 82 EC
White & Case (Brussels)
,
White & Case (Brussels)
,
White & Case (London)
I. BACKGROUND The European Commission published the 24th February 2009 a Communication containing its long-awaited Guidance Paper on exclusionary abuses under Article 82 C(Commission Communication – Guidance on the Commission’s Enforcement Priorities in Applying Article 82 EC Treaty to Abusive (...)

The Greek telecommunications regulator prohibits the incumbent’s “Double-Play” bundled offering of unlimited international calls taking into account a risk of a margin squeeze of its competitors (OTE)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
Hellenic Telecommunications Organization S.A. (OTE) submitted to the Hellenic Telecommunications & Post Commission (EETT) for approval plans to offer a telephony/internet bundle offering broadband access and fixed telephony services. Customers purchasing the plan would pay a single price (...)

The Bulgarian Supreme Administrative Court affirms the decision of the Bulgarian Competition Authority prosecuting incumbent telecom operator for tying its ADSL and fixed voice services (Bulgarian Telecom)
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 19 February 2009 the Supreme Administrative Court of Bulgaria upheld the decision of the Bulgarian Competition Authority (CPC) that prosecuted the incumbent telecom operator - Bulgarian Telecom (BTC) for abuse of dominant position committed by tying its ADSL Internet and fixed voice (...)

The French Competition Council inflicts fines for abuse of dominant position for offering loyalty rebates in the press distribution sector (NMPP)
Herbert Smith Freehills (Paris)
,
White & Case (Paris)
On 27 January 2009 , the French Competition Council (the "Council") fined Nouvelles Messageries de la Presse Parisienne ("NMPP") and its subsidiary, Société Auxiliaire pour l’Exploitation des Messageries Transports Presse ("TP"), for abusing their dominant position on the French press distribution (...)

The European Commission confirms sending new statement of objections against a leading software company (Microsoft)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
,
Practising Law Institute
The Commission has issued a press release confirming that it has sent a new Statement of Objections to Microsoft on 15th January 2009 which takes the preliminary view that Microsoft has tied its web browser Internet Explorer to Windows in violation of Article 82 EC. According to the (...)

The Portuguese competition authority suspends promotional TV campaign of multimedia operator on the basis of alleged abuse of dominant position (ZON Multimédia)
Sérvulo & Associados
Last January 6th, 2009, the Portuguese Competition Authority (Autoridade da Concorrência - “AdC”) announced that it has ordered the telecoms operator ZON Multimédia to suspend a promotional campaign involving the attribution to its cable TV clients (of ZON/TV Cabo) of a fidelity card conferring the (...)

The Moscow Federal Arbitration Court upholds the decision of the Russian Competition Authority prosecuting the railways incumbent for abuse of dominance on the market for the refrigerated rail transport services (Russian Railways and Refservice)
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 14 September 2007 Russian Competition Authority (Федеральная Антимонопольная Служба) (FAS) found an abuse of dominance on the market for refrigerated rail transport services committed jointly by the Russian Railways (ОАО Российские Железные Дороги) (RZD) and its daughter undertaking Refservice (ОАО Рефсервис) . Refservice (...)

The Cyprus Competition Commission holds that the incumbent airways operator does not abuse of its dominant position while providing visa services with airplane tickets (Yiannas Euripidou / Cyprus Airways)
Neocleous
Yianna Euripidou filed a complaint to the Cyprus Competition Commission as a consumer. She had visited Dubai by buying a ticket and VISA through the Cyprus Airways airline. The Visa was charged at the amount of $82. Mrs. Euripidou claimed that Cyprus Airways is taking advantage of their (...)

A Polish Court of Appeal quashes the first instance ruling reversing the NRA’s decision having imposed a € 21.5 million fine on the telecommunications incumbent for tying of Internet services contrary to cost-oriented prices principle (Telekomunikacja Polska)
European University Institute (Florence)
On 10 April 2008 the Court of Appeal quashed the verdict of the lower court, the SOKiK (the Polish Court for Competition and Consumer Protection), which in 2007 reversed the decision of the President of the UKE (the Office for Electronic Communications), imposing a 100 million PLN fine (...)

The Slovenian Competition Authority finds incumbent telecommunications operator was abusing its dominant position in the inter-operators market for provision of ADSL broadband access in Slovenia (Slovenije Telekom / ISDN, ADSL)
Fatur
This case started in October 2004, when the Slovenian Competition Authority (“SCA”) under its official authority started the proceedings on the basis of article 10 of the Slovenian Prevention of the Restriction of Competition Act (“SPRCA”) concerning abuse of dominance. The proceedings were (...)

The German Federal Court of Justice confirms decision on infringement of Article 82 EC by a manufacturer of home soda makers (Soda Club II)
Blomstein
Background In February 2006, the German Federal Cartel Office (FCO) found that Soda Club, a manufacturer of home soda makers, had abused its dominant position by requiring customers and dealers to have the carbon dioxide cartridges used in the soda makers refilled solely by Soda Club. The (...)

The European Commission sends a statement of objections to a leading aluminium company (Reel, Alcan)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
,
Practising Law Institute
The European Commission announced that it sent a Statement of Objections to Alcan on 21st February 2008. The SO alleges that Alcan may have infringed Article 82 EC by tying its dominant aluminium smelting technology with handling equipment sold by Alcan’s subsidiary ECL. In particular, the SO (...)

The President of the Luxembourg Competition Council adopts the first conservatory measures against the telecommunications incumbent regarding alleged abusive bundling of fixed-line telephone, mobile telephone and high-speed Internet access (Entreprise des Postes et Télécommunications)
MOYSE BLESER law firm
On 22 January 2008, the President of the Competition Council (Council) handed down an 83-pages decision, for the first time after the law of 17 May 2004 on competition (Law on competition) came into force, imposing a limited number of conservatory measures on the public entity Entreprise des (...)

The European Court of First Instance partially upholds the Commission’s decision concerning an abuse of a dominant position in the PC operating system (Microsoft)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
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FTI Consulting (Brussels)
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Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
"The judgment of the Court of First Instance in the Microsoft case"* I. The 2004 Decision On 24 March 2004, the Commission adopted a decision pursuant to Article 82 EC concluding that Microsoft had abused its dominant position in the PC operating system market by (i) refusing to provide (...)

The French Competition Council fines a public port operator and two related companies for anticompetitive practices in the market of harbour services dedicated to coal (SOGEMA, Port Autonome du Havre)
Hewlett Packard (Boulogne-Billancourt)
On 13 September 2007, the French Competition Council issued a decision relating to anti-competitive practices in the market of harbour services dedicated to coal, following a complaint by the Société Générale Maritime ("Sogema"), a dock-work operator established in various harbours in France. (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority rejects claim of unlawful tying on the digital music markets (Apple-iTunes)
RBB Economics (The Hague)
The Dutch competition authority (NMa) rejects a complaint by the Dutch Consumer’s Association regarding possible unlawful bundling of Apple’s portable digital music players and music sold online by Apple. The NMa concludes that, even if Apple was to be dominant on either of two the markets, it is (...)

The US Supreme Court rules that federal and state antitrust claims related to certain IPOs are preempted by federal securities laws (Credit Suisse Securities/Billing)
Winston & Strawn (New York)
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Haug Partners (New York)
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Winston & Strawn (New York)
In a decision announced earlier today, the United States Supreme Court held that federal securities laws implicitly preclude the application of antitrust laws to claims filed against ten leading investment banks over alleged conduct on initial public offerings during the technology boom of the (...)

The Swedish Market Court rejects alleged predatory pricing and bundling practices in the free press sector (Metro v. Stockholm City)
General Court of the European Union (Luxembourg)
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Kreab
Swedish Market Court (Marknadsdomstolen), 5 June 2007, Tidnings Aktiebolaget Metro v. Stockholm City i Sverige AB, Expressen AB, Dagens Nyheter AB, Case Dnr A 9/05 On the 5th of June 2007, the Swedish Market Court ruled on Tidnings Aktiebolaget Metro v. Stockholm City i Sverige AB - a case (...)

The Polish Competition Authority finds that a foreign broadcasting company has abused of its dominant position on a local pay-TV market (Discovery Communication Europe)
French National Research Agency (ANR)
In 2002 the Cable Television Chamber of Commerce located in Lodz (Poland) filed a complaint with the President of the Office for Competition and Consumer Protection (hereafter: the OCCP President) against the practices of Discovery Communication Europe, a company being registered in Wisconsin (...)

The Irish Supreme Court allows an appeal against the High Court’s finding of an abuse of dominance in the market for life insurance (Irish League of Credit unions)
London School of Economics
The present case is the first appeal against a High Court decision on substantive competition law matters to come before the Irish Supreme Court. The plaintiff in this case, the National Competition Authority (NCA), initiated this action before the High Court in accordance with the powers (...)

The Polish Competition Authority reverses on procedural grounds the Telecom Regulator’s decision having fined the former incumbent for tying Internet and telecommunications offers (Telekomunikacja Polska)
DeBenedetti Majewski Szczesniak
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Bartkowiak Wojciechowski Halupczak Springer
On May, the Polish Court for Competition and Consumer Protection reversed the decision of the President of the Office for Electronic Communications (OEC) imposing a fine of 100,000,000 PLN on Telekomunikacja Polska S.A. (“TP S.A.”) for the unauthorized binding of offers of Neostrada tp (an (...)

The Spanish Competition Court fines € 306.000 tying practices between train transport and boat services (Ferrocarril de Sóller - Excursiones Marítimas Puerto de Sóller)
The island of Majorca in Spain is a great tourist attraction and the area of Sóller is one of most visited spots on the island. A typical tour offered by travel agencies and touroperators is the denominated “Vuelta a la Isla”. This tour consists of an itinerary between Palma, Sóller and Sa Calobra (...)

The Czech Regional Court of Brno confirms Competition Authority’s first decision directly applying EC competition law (Cesky Telecom)
Government of the Czech Republic
,
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
By a judgement of 26 September 2006, the Regional Court in Brno confirmed the decisions adopted by the Office for the Protection of Competition and (on administrative appeal) by its President in which the dominant fixed telephony operator, Èeský Telecom (“ÈTc”), was found to have infringed article (...)

The US Supreme Court strikes down patent market power presumption in tying cases (Illinois Tool Works)
WilmerHale (Washington)
,
WilmerHale (Washington)
,
Matheson Keys & Kordzik
The Supreme Court issued two unanimous opinions in antitrust cases. These are the second and third antitrust opinions of the Term; u.S. ---, 1-6 S.Ct. 860 (-006), involved the robinson-Patman act. in recent years the Court has taken one or at most two antitrust cases per Term, so this (...)

The Austrian Supreme Court upholds the NCA decision ordering the postal incumbent to cease abusive tying via its price offers on the market for day delivery of newspapers and magazines (Österreichische Post)
Reidlinger Schatzmann Rechtsanwälte
,
Bpv Hügel (Vienna)
On 10 May 2005, the Austrian Cartel Court ordered Österreichische Post AG (“Post”) to cease to abuse its dominant position on the market for day delivery of newspapers and magazines. The abuse in question was constituted by certain clauses contained in the terms and conditions offered by Post to (...)

The German Federal Cartel Office finds a supplier guilty of abusing its dominant position under Art. 82 EC by preventing customers from freely refilling from competing suppliers (Soda Club)
Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (Berlin)
,
Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (Berlin)
German Federal Cartel Office finds Soda Club guilty of Article 82 Abuse In a decision of 9 February 2006, the German Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) found that Soda Club (“SC”), a producer of water carbonating systems, had violated Article 82 EC and section 19 of the Act against Restraints of (...)

The Hungarian Competition Office applies both national and EC leading abuse case concerning spare parts (Hewlett-Packard)
lakatos, koves and partners
,
lakatos, koves and partners
The Hungarian Competition Office (HCO) applied European law in proceedings against a leading printer manufacturer that had been launched due to its alleged abuse of its dominant position on the market of printer cartridges. The alleged abuse concerned the wording of the warranty letter of the (...)

The Czech Competition Office renders its first case under Art. 82 EC and imposes a fine on the telecommunications incumbent for abuse of dominant position (Ceský Telecom)
Gide Loyrette Nouel (Prague)
By its decision of 24 November 2005, the Czech Office’s Chairman confirmed the Office’s first-instance decision and (i) imposed a fine of 205 million CZK on Èeský Telecom a.s. (which is since July 2005 controlled by a Spanish company, Téléfonica) (“CT”) for having abused its dominant position in (...)

The French Competition Authority fines two firms for abusing their dominant position in the water market (Sedif-Lyonnaise des Eaux)
MAPP (Paris)
The French Competition Authority (“Conseil de la concurrence”) fined two firms for abusing their dominant position in local water markets in the Paris region. The Decision addresses two distinct sets of practices. The Syndicat des Eaux d’Ile de France (“Sedif”) was fined € 100,000 for trying to (...)

The Swedish Market Court rejects a complaint on alleged abuse of dominant position on the fixed telephony market by practicing mixed bundling (B2 Bredband / TeliaSonera)
Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (Copenhagen)
On 1st November 2005, the Swedish Market Court rejected a claim by B2 Bredband Holding AB (Bredbandsbolaget) according to which TeliaSonera was in abuse of its dominant position on the Swedish market for fixed telephony. The contested practice consisted in providing a rebate on fixed telephony (...)

The UK Competition Appeal Tribunal issues a key judgement on margin squeeze and rebates in the pharmaceuticals sector (Healthcare at Home / Genzyme)
Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (London)
,
King’s College (London)
In Genzyme Limited v. OFT, 29 September 2005, the UK Competition Appeal Tribunal (the “CAT”) tackled the difficult question of how to bring an abusive margin squeeze to an end and to ensure it was not repeated. The background to the proceedings was that the OFT had issued a decision (Director (...)

A US Court of Appeals finds that the application of misuse of patent standard related to CD-R/CD-RW licensing dispute was flawed (Philips)
Sheppard Mullin (Los Angeles)
Patent Misuse And Antitrust Tying Analysis – Close But Imperfect Substitutes* Federal Circuit Holds That Patent Pools Without Anticompetitive Effects Are Lawful In U.S. Philips Corp. v. International Trade Commission. On September 21, 2005, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit reversed (...)

The Administrative Regional Court of the Republic of Latvia confirms the Competition Authority’s decision having found the telecommunications market leader guity of abusive tying practices (Lattelekom)
Best Lawyers
Experience of Latvia in tie-in cases Abuse of dominant position is not often established in the competition law practice in Latvia. The Competition Council of Latvia (the Council) arrives at such conclusion only a couple of times a year. Only some of the decisions of the Council are challenged (...)

The French Competition Authority applies a "rule of reason analysis" to an abuse of dominant position in the press advertising sector (La Provence Group)
Sheppard Mullin (Brussels)
,
Lni avocats (Paris)
The La Provence group owns the two main regional daily newspapers distributed in Marseille (Southern France) namely Le Provençal and Le Méridional. The two newspapers transferred the exclusive responsibility for managing local advertising to Eurosud Publicité ; however, the commercial policy was (...)

The Danish Competition Authority finds a company guilty of an abuse of dominance regarding its rebates practices on the basis of Art. 82 EC (DBC Medier)
Smartflats
,
Liège University - IEJE
Danish Competition Council, DBC Medier Decision, 22 June 2005 On 22 June 2005, the Danish Competition Council found DBC Medier, a company selling books, music, films and computer programmes, guilty of an abuse of dominance contrary to Article 82 EC. With exclusive rights on a large number of (...)

The Spanish Telecommunications Authority closes proceedings for interim relief considering that Teléfonica’s commercial strategy for the launch of its pay-TV services is not a tying practice within the meaning of Art. 82 EC (Servicio Imagenio)
London School of Economics
Telefónica de España, S.A.U. (hereinafter, “TESAU”) is a 100% owned subsidiary of Grupo Telefónica, the Spanish incumbent in the telecommunications sector. Under the commercial name “Línea Imagenio”, TESAU provides broadband Internet access and pay-TV services, including video-on-demand as well as (...)

The French Competition Council rejects a complaint on alleged bundling and predatory practices in the Pay-TV sector (TPS/Canal Plus)
Constantine Cannon (Washington)
,
Hogan Lovells (Brussels)
French Competition Council (Conseil de la Concurrence, 18 March 2005, Decision n° 05-D-13, regarding Canal Plus’ practices in Pay-TV Sector (“relative aux pratiques mises en œuvre par le groupe Canal Plus dans le secteur de la télévision à péage”) On June 5th, 1998, TPS filed a complaint with the (...)

The European Court of First Instance rejects US software company’s request for interim measures (Microsoft)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
,
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
,
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
"The Court of First Instance rejects Microsoft’s request for interim measures concerning the Commission’s decision of 24 March 2004"* 1. The decision On March 24 2004, the Commission adopted a decision in Case COMP/C-3/37.792 — Microsoft — by which it concluded that Microsoft had abused its (...)

The French Competition Authority imposes a reduced fine to the French post office and mail order companies for having implemented anticompetitive discounts in their contracts (La Poste)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Anticompetitive discounts in contracts between the French post office, La Poste, and mail order companies - The Conseil de la concurrence notes the undertakings given by La Poste and reduces the penalties (...)

L’autorité espagnole de concurrence condamne l’ancien monopole postal, pour abus de position dominante sur le double fondement des dispositions internes et communautaires de concurrence (ASSEMPRE/Correos)
Sheppard Mullin (Brussels)
Dans le contexte des modifications du cadre législatif espagnol du droit de la concurrence, rendues nécessaires par l’adoption du Règlement (CE) n° 1/2003, du Conseil, du 16 décembre 2002, relatif à la mise en oeuvre des règles de concurrence prévues aux articles 81 et 82 du traité (JOCE L 1, du 4 (...)

The European Commission adopts a decision in a case concerning the abuse of a dominant position by a leading US provider in the PC operating systems (Microsoft)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
,
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
,
Ocean Breeze GmbH & Co
"Commission adopts Decision in the Microsoft case"* 1. Introduction On March 24 2004, the Commission concluded its Microsoft investigation by way of a formal Decision. This brought to an end proceedings which had lasted just over five years. The Commission found that Microsoft had abused its (...)

The UK Competition Appeal Tribunal finds a pharmaceutical company guilty of margin squeeze but rejects the OFT’s evidence on bundling (Genzyme)
European Commission (Brussels)
Genzyme Limited ("Genzyme") is a pharmaceutical company which produces Cerezyme - the main drug for the treatment of Gaucher disease. The drug is taken by approximately 190 patients in the United Kingdom and is usually administered at home with the assistance of trained medical staff. Between (...)

The Maltese Office of Fair Trading condemned for the first time ever an infringement of the Competition Act under the form of abusive tying in the agricultural sector (Malta Dairy Products)
King’s College (London)
,
Superior Courts of Malta
This case can be regarded as a landmark in the evolution of competition law in Malta: for the first time the Commission handed down a judgment in which it found that an infringement of the Competition Act had been committed. The Commission held that Malta Dairy Products Ltd (’MDPL’) held a (...)

Mergers

The US FTC seeks divestiture and conduct remedies before approving an acquisition in the highly concentrated market for commercial real estate information (CoStar / Loopnet)
Venable (New York)
,
Venable (Washington)
,
Venable (Washington)
After a year of scrutiny, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) resolved its competitive concerns over the merger of two firms that provide commercial real estate (CRE) listings and other data. In April 2011, CoStar Group, Inc. announced plans to acquire LoopNet, Inc. for approximately $860 (...)

The US FTC imposes divestiture and "unusual" conduct remedies to protect the competitor after an acquisition in commercial real estate databases and information services (CoStar / Loopnet)
Weil, Gotshal & Manges (Washington)
,
Weil, Gotshal & Manges (Washington)
On April 26, 2012, the FTC challenged CoStar Group’s proposed $860 million acquisition of LoopNet and accepted a settlement that required not only divestitures, but also “unusual” additional conduct remedies. CoStar is the largest provider of commercial real estate (CRE) information services in (...)

The European Commission approves a merger between two US software companies subject to a set of commitments ensuring fair competition in the sector of computer security (Intel / McAfee)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
,
European External Action Service
,
Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (Copenhagen)
Intel/McAfee* Introduction On 26 January 2011 the European Commission approved the proposed acquisition of McAfee by Intel, both of the US. The approval is conditional upon a set of commitments ensuring fair competition in the sector of computer security. Computer security is a growing (...)

The Chinese MOFCOM blocks $2.4 billion acquisition of a leading Chinese juice producer by a foreign buyer (Coca-Cola / Huiyuan)
White & Case (Beijing)
,
Mattel (Hong Kong)
On March 18, MOFCOM announced that it had blocked Coca-Cola’s proposed $2.4 billion acquisition of China Huiyuan Juice Group, a leading Chinese juice producer. It is MOFCOM’s second reported merger decision under the recently enacted Anti-Monopoly Law (“AML”), which came into effect August 1, 2008 (...)

The Dutch competition authority clears “merger to monopoly” of directory providers (European Directories - Truvo Nederland)
RBB Economics (The Hague)
Introduction After a Phase II inquiry, the Dutch competition authority (NMa) cleared on 28 August 2008 the acquisition of Gouden Gids, a Dutch on-line and print directory owned by Truvo, by European Directories, publisher of rival on-line and print directory De Telefoongids. The transaction (...)

The French Minister of Economy clears in Phase I a merger in the market for free newspapers with classified ads (Spir-S3G / JV)
PagesJaunes
In 2006, prior to the transaction at hand, the French Minister of Economy (heareafter the ‘Minister’) cleared the Spir-S3G/JV transaction, subject to undertakings, whereby two joint ventures between Spir Communication (‘Spir’) and the Société des Gratuits de Guyenne et Gasconne (‘S3G’) (together (...)

The French National Competition Authority clears in Phase II with behavioural remedies a merger in the rolling shutters sector and gives its assessment of conglomerate effects (Somfy/Zurflüh-Feller)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
Introduction After an in-depth phase II investigation, on 12 June 2008 the French Minister for Economy, Indutry and Employment (hereafter, the MinisterMinister), cleared the acquisition of Zürfluh-Feller by Somfy. Both companies are active on the market for accessories to construct rolling (...)

A German Court of appeals reinforces the application of the de minimis exemption for merger control by constraining the application of the “bundle theory" (Asphaltmischwerke Langenthal)
Fried Frank Harris Shriver & Jacobson (London)
1. Introduction German merger control notification thresholds are extremely low and a large number of transactions are notified to the German Federal Cartel Office (Bundeskartellamt"FCO") every year. For example, 2231 notifications were submitted to the FCO in 2007 . However, a notification is (...)

The French Minister of Economy requires in Phase I important remedies to address concerns of bundling in a merger of newspapers and magazines publishers (LVMH / Les Echos)
RBB Economics (Brussels)
On 19 December 2007 the French Minister of Economy, Finance and Employment (hereafter “the Minister”) cleared, after a “Phase I” investigation, the acquisition by the group LVMH of Les Echos S.A., publisher of the leading business newspaper Les Echos and of magazines specialised in economic and (...)

The French Minister of Economics clears a merger in the sector of regional press with remedies, including bundling prohibition (GHM/Lagardère)
University Paris II Panthéon‑Assas
The operation By a letter dated 7 December 2007, the French Minister of Economy, Finance, and Employment authorised the merger between two companies in the sector of daily and weekly regional press and Internet : Groupe Hersant Media (hereinafter « GHM ») and Groupe Lagardère (hereinafter « (...)

The French Minister of Economy clears in Phase I with behavioural commitments a merger in the Internet classified advertisements market (Spir Communication / Schibsted ASA)
University Paris II Panthéon‑Assas
The operation By a letter of 10 09 2007, the Minister cleared in phase I a merger between Spir and Schibsted compagnies. It created a jointly owned compagny between the notifying parties. The new company controls both parties’ activities in the sector of classified advertisements for the sale of (...)

The Belgian Competition Council rules on the extent of veto rights necessary and sufficient for a minority shareholder to exert joint control over a JV within the meaning of merger control (Belgacom - Vodafone Belgium - Belgacom Mobile)
Loyens & Loeff (Bruxelles)
In its Belgacom - Vodafone Belgium - Belgacom Mobile merger decision, the Belgian Competition Council cleared in phase I the increase of Belgacom’s stake in Belgacom Mobile from 75% to 100%, through the acquisition of Vodafone Belgium’s 25% stake. The decision is interesting for two reasons. It (...)

The European Commission clears a merger in the Danish energy sector remedying competition problems through infrastructure unbundling and gas release (DONG/Elsam/E2)
European Commission - DG CNECT
,
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
,
Service européen pour l’action extérieure (EEAS)
"DONG/Elsam/E2: Remedying competition problems in an energy merger through infrastructure unbundling and gas release"* 1. Introduction Following an in-depth investigation, the European Commission on 14 March 2006 authorised — subject to commitments — the acquisition by Danish natural gas (...)

The Belgian Competition Council approves the acquisition of a financial newspaper subject to conditions, including a prohibition on tied offers of newspapers or of advertising space and a prohibition on applying discriminatory conditions to the supply of financial information to the written press in Belgium (Editeco - Les Echos)
Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (Hong Kong)
The operation NV Uitgeversbedrijf De Tijd, owned by NV Rossel & Cie. and NV De Persgroep, acquired all the shares of NV Editeco, owner of the "Les Echos" financial newspaper. The original transaction was notified and approved on 26 January 2004 (2004-C/C-16). Third parties appealed the (...)

The French Minister of Economics clears a merger in the sector of daily and weekly regional press with remedies, including bundling prohibition, editorial autonomy and commitments to exclude conglomerate effects (OuestFrance/Socpresse)
University Paris II Panthéon‑Assas
The operation By a letter dated 28 October 2005, the French Minister of Economy, Finance, and Employment, following the French Competition Council’s opinion dated 11 October 2005, authorised the acquisition by the Société d’investissement et de participations (SIPA” or “the party”) of three press (...)

The Hungarian Competition Office clears a merger in the daily newspapers market subject to remedies including tying prohibition and price control, the transaction having been previously prohibited by the NCA and then subject to a new assesment following Court’s judgement (Tabora/Népszabadság)
lakatos, koves and partners
,
lakatos, koves and partners
In 2003, a member of the Ringier group, B.V. Tabora (Tabora), which held 49.97 per cent of the shares in Népszabadság, one of the largest daily newspapers in Hungary, acquired through share swap another 17.68 per cent stake in Népszabadság, thus holding a total of 67.65 per cent. Tabora requested (...)

The Austrian Cartel Court clears an acquisition of a minority stake in the outdoor advertising industry subject to remedies including limitations on management control, tying prohibitions and obligations of non-discrimination (Gewista/Werbeplakat Soravia)
Université de Genève
The operation The deal involved the transfer of Gewista’s "megaboards" advertising business to Werbeplakat Soravia GmbH (WPS) while, in turn, Gewista acquired 33% of WPS. In Vienna, where the bulk of outdoor advertising revenue is generated, Gewista at the time was the market leader with 60% (...)

Procedures

The Macedonian Competition Authority releases its 2010 annual report
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 31 March 2011 the Macedonian Competition Authority (KZK) released its annual report summarizing competition law enforcement activities carried out in 2010. It should be noted that until 13 November 2010 the KZK was acting pursuant to the old competition law, which provided for two distinct (...)

The Paris Court of Appeals defines and applies a demanding standard of proof for justification of dawn raids targeting press groups (Amaury)
Jones Day (Paris)
Dawn raids vs. the freedom of the press* Paris Court of Appeals, Order of 17 June 2010, Amaury and Others Relying on what seems to be unprecedented reasoning, the President of the Paris Court of Appeals has quashed a judicial order authorizing a dawn raid against several companies belonging (...)

The Luxembourg Administrative Tribunal annuls decisions imposing interim measures and fines in the telecommunications sector (Entreprise des Postes et Télécommunications)
MOYSE BLESER law firm
,
Allen & Overy (Luxembourg)
Introduction In a judgment dated 20 May 2009 (the Judgment), the Luxembourg administrative tribunal (the Tribunal) annulled two decisions of the Competition Council (the Council) and the President of the Council (the President) concerning interim measures and fines imposed on the Entreprise (...)

Public sector

The French Competition Authority condemns a maritime transport operator for abusive conducts perpetrated in a tender procedure regarding the assignation of the Marseille/Corsica maritime links to be provided under a public service obligation (SNCM)
Desogus Law Office (Cagliari)
The French Competition Council (FCC) has imposed a € 300,000 fine on Société National Maritime Corse Méditerranée (SNCM) for abusing its dominant position by offering a global indivisible bid in the tender procedure for the assignation of a number of maritime routes linking Marseille with Corsica to (...)

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