Media

Anticompetitive practices

The Danish Competition Council accepts new commitments regarding the clubs’ joint sale of media rights for national league football (Superliga)
Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (Copenhagen)
Danish Competition Council Accepts New Commitments regarding Danish Football Clubs’ Joint Sale of Media Rights* On 26 February 2014 the Danish Competition Council accepted new commitments offered by the Association of Danish League Clubs regarding the clubs’ joint sale of media rights to Danish (...)

The Italian Competition Authority opens an investigation for collusive tendering against 23 Italian companies providing tv broadcasting post-production services (RAI)
NCTM - Studio Legale Associato (Milan)
On 10 December 2013, the Italian Competition Authority (Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato, the “Authority”) opened an investigation against 23 Italian companies for an alleged collusive tendering within 20 calls for tenders convened by RAI – Radiotelevisione Italiana S.p.A. (the (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority fines media company and football clubs for breaching a resolution on the acquisition of broadcasting rights for football competitions (Mediapro, Real Madrid, FC Barcelona, Sevilla and Racing de Santander)
European Commission
Spain: The Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia fines Mediapro and four Football Clubs € 15 000 000* On 2 December 2013, the Council of the National Commission for Markets and Competition (Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia or CNMC) imposed fines amounting to € 15 (...)

The Polish Competition Authority mulls over RPM agreements with elements of hub-and-spoke arrangements in the market for pay-TV services (Sports Broadcasting)
WKB Wierciński Kwieciński Baehr (Warsaw)
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Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (Brussels)
In the decision of 21 August 2013 in Sports Broadcasting, the Polish competition authority (Urząd Ochrony Konkurencji i Konsumentów, the UOKiK), had the uncommon opportunity of analysing resale price maintenance (RPM) agreements with elements of hub-and-spoke arrangements. This is the fifth case (...)

The EU Commission launches market test of the commitments offered by e-book publisher to reach a settlement in the EU investigation into e-book pricing (Penguin)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 19 April 2013, the European Commission launched a market test of the commitments offered by Penguin, aimed at reaching a settlement in the EU investigation into e-book pricing. In order to alleviate the Commission’s fears for collusion and higher prices in the e-book publishing sector, (...)

The German Competition Authority fines two major TV broadcasting groups and two individuals for entering into anticompetitive agreements when they introduced the encryption of their digital free TV programmes (Pro7Sat1 and RTL)
European Commission
Germany: The Bundeskartellamt imposes Fines on Pro7Sat1 and RTL on account of Agreements on basic Encryption of TV Programmes and secures unencrypted SD TV* On 28 December 2012 the Bundeskartellamt (BKartA) imposed fines totalling approximately € 55 000 000 on the two major German TV (...)

A US federal district court approves a U.S. consent decree that resolves DoJ allegations against three publishers for participating in a conspiracy to fix prices for e-books (Hachette Book, HarperCollins, Simon & Schuster)
Wolters Kluwer (Riverwoods)
U.S. Consent Decree with Three Publishers over E-Book Pricing Approved* The federal district court in New York City yesterday approved a U.S. consent decree that resolves U.S. Department of Justice allegations against three publishers for participating in a conspiracy to fix prices for (...)

The Swiss Competition Authority fines body representing audiovisual media device producers for restricting parallel imports (International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, Phononet)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
In a decision of 16 July 2012, the Competition Authority of Switzerland (“COMCO”) levied a fine of CHF3.5 million (around € 3 million) on the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (“IFPI Switzerland”), as well as a fine of CHF20,000 (around € 16,000) on Phononet AG (“Phononet”), (...)

The Danish Competition Council finds that satellite communication company had infringed conditions imposed by the Council concerning the distribution of its TV channels (Viasat)
European Commission
Denmark: Viasat infringes Conditions imposed by Competition Council’s Decision in Distribution of TV Channels Case* On 27 June 2012, the Danish Competition Council (the Council) found that Viasat had infringed the conditions imposed by the Council’s decision of 30 September 2009 on Viasat‘s (...)

The Paris Commercial Court seeks the opinion of the French Competition Authority on the broadcasting rights for championship football matches (Ligue de Football professionnel)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Paris Commercial Court seeks the opinion of the Autorité de la concurrence on the compatibility with competition rules of the call for tenders the Ligue de Football Professionnel (LFP - French professional (...)

The US DoJ announces to continue investigations into the e-book industry for alleged price-fixing conspiracy (Apple)
Sidley Austin (Brussels)
The DOJ believes that Apple is forcing you to pay more for e-books* On April 11, 2012 the world of antitrust became abuzz with the news that the DOJ filed a lawsuit against Apple for its alleged participation in an e-books pricing scheme with the leading publishers: Hachette Book Group (USA), (...)

The German Competition Authority accepts commitments offered by two sports leagues concerning the joint award of media rights (League Association, German Football League)
European Commission
Germany: Green Light for current Marketing Model of Football League Media Rights * On 17 April 2012, the award procedure for the media rights of the 1st and 2nd German football leagues has been concluded. On 12 January 2012, the Bundeskartellamt (BKartA) accepted the commitments offered by (...)

The Danish Competition Appeals Tribunal upholds the Competition Council’s decision prohibiting a TV Broadcaster’s business terms regarding the distribution of two TV channels (Viasat)
European Commission
Denmark: The Danish Competition Appeals Tribunal upholds the Danish Competition Council’s decision prohibiting Viasat’s Business Terms regarding the Distribution of TV 3 and TV 3+ On 8 June 2010, the Danish Competition Appeals Tribunal (CAT) upheld the Danish Competition Council’s (DCC) decision (...)

The Spanish Competition Commission limits the duration of contracts concluded between broadcasters and football clubs for the acquisition and resale of football broadcasting rights for Spanish League and Cup matches, as well as a pooling agreement between broadcasters, to three years (AVS, Mediapro, Sogecable y Clubs de Fútbol de 1 y 2 División)
Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (Brussels)
On April 14, 2010, the Council of the Spanish Competition Commission (the “CNC”) adopted a decision in a case against several broadcasters operating in the markets for the acquisition and resale of football broadcasting rights for Spanish League and Cup matches, and football clubs of the 1st and (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority closes an agreement case in the sector of TV following commitments (Telefónica Cable, Sogecable)
European Commission
Spain: The Comisión Nacional de la Competencia (CNC) closes Satellite Pay TV Case following Commitments On 28 January 2010, the CNC Council resolved by means of a commitments decision the formal proceedings in case TRIO PLUS, opened against Telefónica Cable, S.A.U. and Sogecable, S.A. for having (...)

The French Competition Authority issues an opinion on the possible implementation of retail price maintenance scheme for digital books
European Commission
France: The Autorité de la concurrence recommends not to apply RPM to Digital Books and suggests Contractual Models for Relations between Publishers and Digital Librarians On 18 December 2009, the Autorité de la concurrence (hereafter: the Autorité) delivered its opinion on the possible (...)

The Macedonian Competition Authority finds anticompetitive practices on the market for radio advertising (Ros Metropolis Radio)
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 18 December 2009 the Macedonian Competition Authority (KZK) concluded its investigation on the market for radio advertising on the territory of Skopje municipality and concluded that three radio stations - Ros Metropolis Radio, City Radio and Club FM concluded an anticompetitive agreement by (...)

The Austrian Supreme Court rules that a newspaper distributor cannot be considered an agent under EU competition law (Newspaper Distributor II)
Salzburg University
Background The Austrian Competition Authority (“Bundeswettbewerbsbehörde”) successfully filed an application with the Austrian Cartel Court against a German publishing group, its Austrian subsidiary and an Austrian newspaper distributor. The application was based on certain vertical restraints (...)

The Danish Competition Authority prohibits a TV broadcaster and satellite distributor’s business terms regarding distribution of two TV-channels (Viasat)
European Commission
Denmark: Authority prohibits Viasat’s Business Terms Regarding Distribution of TV 3 and TV 3 The Danish Competition Council (DCC) adopted on 30 September 2009 a decision finding that Viasat’s business terms, regarding distribution of the TV-channels TV 3 and TV 3+ in cable networks infringe (...)

The UK Office of Fair Trading exercises its discretion not to refer the newspaper and magazine distribution industry to the Competition Commission despite competition concerns
DLA Piper
Summary The Office of Fair Trading (OFT) has decided not to refer the market for newspaper and magazine distribution in the UK to the Competition Commission (CC) for a market investigation (the MIR Decision). Background Following the revocation, in May 2005, of the Vertical Agreements (...)

The UK High Court of Justice rules collective and exclusive sports rights permissible in Art. 81/101 EC case (BAGS / AMRAC, “Turf TV”)
Oxera
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Oxera
In Bookmakers’ Afternoon Greyhound Services Ltd v Amalgamated Racing Ltd (2008)(BAGS v AMRAC), the UK High Court dismissed allegations of anti-competitive conduct by a new sports broadcaster part-owned by racecourses. BAGS v AMRAC is one of the significant private actions in recent years (...)

The French Competition Authority issues opinion on exclusivity agreements between pay TV operators and Internet service providers
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 7 July 2009, following a request of the French Minister of Economy, the French Competition Authority issued an opinion concerning exclusivity agreements between pay TV operators and Internet service providers. Among the various issues raised, the Minister referred to the so-called «double (...)

The Luxembourg Competition Authority releases a termination decision removing suspicions of competition law infringements consisting in cross-subsidizing and abuse of collective dominance by a press group concerning a free daily newspaper (Nicolas / L’Essentiel)
Brown Brothers Harriman (BBH) (Luxembourg)
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Arendt & Medernach (Luxembourg)
The Luxembourg Competition Council has released a termination decision on 2 July 2009 (Décision n° 2009-FO-01) removing suspicions of competition law infringements by the Groupe de Presse Nicolas. Generally speaking, the case is interesting in the sense it shows how market players active in the (...)

The UK Office of Fair Trading releases the results of its sector inquiry on the market for newspaper and magazine distribution (Newspaper and magazine distribution in the UK)
DLA Piper
Summary On 22 October 2008 the Office of Fair Trading (OFT) produced the following three reports, as well as a background paper, as part of its enquiry into the distribution of newspapers and magazines in the United Kingdom. The reports were as follows : (a) a legal Opinion from the OFT on (...)

The Polish Supreme Court confirms the NCA’s decision on illegality of an "English clause" on the market for football broadcasting rights (Canal + / Polski Związek Piłki Nożnej)
Greenberg Traurig Grzesiak (Warsaw)
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PKN Orlen
On 7 January 2009, the Polish Supreme Court issued a long awaited judgement concerning an “English clause“ in an agreement between pay TV operator (Canal +) and a Polish football association, Polski Związek Piłki Nożnej ("the PFA"), which was assessed by the President of the Office of Competition (...)

The Hungarian competition authority fines EUR 10.500 the journalist association for recommended prices on the basis of both Art. 81 EC and equivalent national provision (Magyar Újságírók Szövetsége)
Hungarian Competition Law Research Centre
The Hungarian competition authority, the Gazdasági Versenyhivatal (further on: GVH) initiated an investigation against the Hungarian association of journalists, the Magyar Újságírók Országos Szövetsége (further on: MUOSZ) on the basis of s11 of the Hungarian competition act and art. 81 EC because it (...)

The UK Office of Fair Trading updates its position on newspapers and magazines work (Newspapers and magazines work)
King’s College (London)
On the 11 March 2008 the OFT published a press release, providing an update on distinct, but linked, work strands regarding the newspaper and magazine sector : (a) the preparation of guidance to assist publishers and distributors in assessing for themselves whether their newspaper and (...)

The UK Competition Commission imposes inter alia price control to a major operator in the printed classified directories market (Yell)
RBB Economics (London)
On 21 December 2006, the UK’s Competition Commission published the results of its market investigation on the supply of printed classified directory advertising services (CDAS). In its report, the CC found that Yell, the largest supplier, had market power. This finding was based primarily on (...)

The French Competition Authority accepts the commitments made to address competition concerns regarding the access of local radios to national advertisement (GIE Les Indépendants)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Access of local radios to national advertisement: The Conseil de la concurrence accepts the commitments of GIE Les Indépendants.* In its decision dated October 6th 2006, the Conseil de la concurrence has accepted the commitments proposed by the GIE (economic interest group) Les indépendants, (...)

The European Commission adopts its first commitment decision pursuant to Article 9 of Regulation 1/2003 concerning joint selling of German football media rights (Bundesliga)
European Commission - DG COMP
"Joint selling of Bundesliga media rights — first Commission decision pursuant to Article 9 of Regulation 1/2003"* Introduction On 19 January 2005 the Commission adopted the first commitment decision pursuant to Article 9 of Regulation 1/2003. In case COMP/C-2/37.214 — Joint selling of the (...)

The European Commission exempts vertical restraints in the Nordic pay-TV Sector (Telenor/Canal+/Canal Digital)
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
"Commission exempts vertical restraints in the Nordic pay-TV Sector: Telenor/Canal+/Canal Digital"* Introduction After a fundamental restructuring of the Spanish and Italian pay-TV markets, also the Nordic pay-TV sector has undergone major changes in recent times, albeit in a different (...)

The European Commission adopts a formal decision exempting the joint selling of the media rights of an international football tournament (UEFA Champions League)
European Commission - DG COMP
"Football: joint selling of media rights"* 1. Introduction On 23 July 2003, the Commission adopted a formal decision exempting the joint selling of the media rights of the UEFA Champions League. The Commission concluded that the joint selling of the TV, internet and mobile telephone content (...)

The Netherlands Competition Authority decides following the notification of the scheme for the collective sale of broadcasting rights in connection with an application for exemption to allow the collective trading rights to broadcast summaries (Eredivisie)
Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets (The Hague)
NMa Prohibits Joint Trading of Rights to Live Broadcasting of Premier Division Football Matches* As of the start of the football season 2003-2004, the professional football organisations may no longer jointly sell rights to the live broadcasting of football matches, as they now do through (...)

The European Commission ends proceedings regarding German book price fixing agreements following acceptance of commitment on cross-border sales (Sammelrevers)
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
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European Commission - DG COMP
"Commission ends competition proceedings regarding German book price fixing agreements following acceptance of an undertaking on cross-border sales"* Introduction The Commission has been dealing with the system of fixed book prices in Germany and Austria since its first notification in 1993 (...)

Dominance

The French Competition Authority fines an owner of sports newspapers for implementing eviction practices in sports press sector (Le 10Sport.com / Les Éditions Philippe Amaury)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Autorité de la concurrence has fined the Groupe Amaury for having driven out of the market a new entrant in the sports press – Le 10Sport.com* The Autorité de la concurrence has fined Les Éditions Philippe (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority imposes a fine of € 3.73 M on a TV operator for having abused its dominant position on the market for access to premium sports content (Sport TV)
University of Harvard - Law School
On 20 June 2013, the Portuguese Competition Authority (“PCA”) imposed a fine of € 3.73 million on Sport TV Portugal for having abused its dominant position on the market for access to premium sports content by signing discriminatory distribution agreements with pay- TV operators between (...)

The Italian Competition Authority finds that the acquisition of exclusive pay-tv rights is not precluded by antitrust law (Sky Italia)
Ashurst (Milan)
Italian Competition Authority finds that Sky Italia did not abuse of its dominant position* On 23 April 2013 the Italian Competition Authority (“AGCM”) decided (the decision is only available in Italian) to close the proceedings against Sky Italia S.r.l. (“Sky Italia”) of The News Corporation Ltd. (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority accepts commitments of the public broadcaster concerning retransmission of television channels by “pay TV” operators (Hrvatska radiotelevizija)
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 28 March 2013 the Croatian Competition Authority (AZTN) closed its investigation into the alleged abuse of dominant position by the public broadcasting company Hrvatska radiotelevizija (HRT) by accepting a number of behavioral commitments related to retransmission of television channels by (...)

The Belgium Competition Council fines French media distribution company for having abused its dominant position through its system of rebates (Presstalis)
European Commission
Belgium: Fine imposed for Abuse of Dominant Position in Export and Distribution of French Magazines in Belgium* On 30 July 2012, the Competition Council (the Council) sanctioned the French company Presstalis (Presstalis) for having abused its dominant position between 2002 and 2004 through its (...)

The Hellenic Competition Commission imposes on Greek leading movie producer and distributor the obligation to supply movies to its economically dependent competitor (Odeon, Technopolis)
European Commission - DG Internal Market and Services
Facts In 2005 the company "ODEON ENTERPRISE OF PUBLIC ENTERTAINMENT S.A.", hereinafter ODEON, opened the multiplex cinemas ODEON TALOS in Heraklion of Crete, in Greece. In the same area another multiplex called TECHNOPOLIS CINE TSAGKARAKIS S.A., hereinafter TECHNOPOLIS, has been active since (...)

The Brussels Court of Appeal finds that a distribution company delivering and collecting newspapers and magazines abused its dominant position by charging excessive and discriminatory prices (AMP)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
In a judgment of 29 May 2012, the Brussels Court of Appeal held that AMP, a distribution company delivering and collecting newspapers and magazines for retail shops, had abused its dominant position by increasing the fixed minimum fee for its services without any economic justification. (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority fines a professional association for fixing abusive fees (EGEDA)
European Commission
Spain: The Comisión de la Competencia (CNC) fines EGEDA for fixing abusive Fees* On 2 March 2012, the CNC Council concluded that the decision of Entidad de Gestión de Derechos de los Productores Audiovisuales (EGEDA) to charge general monthly fees for the public broadcasting of audio-visual (...)

The Irish Competition Authority accepts commitments from main television and radio broadcaster regarding discounts to advertisers (RTE)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 17 January 2012, the Competition Authority of Ireland (“ICA”) announced that it had successfully resolved an investigation against RTE, Ireland’s main television and radio broadcaster, in relation to allegedly anti- competitive discounts that were offered to advertisers. RTE has offered (...)

The German Federal Court of Justice confirms dismissal of wholesaler action against publisher of newspapers and magazines (Bauer Media Group)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 24 October 2011, the German Federal Court of Justice (the Court) dismissed the appeal of a press distributor (the “plaintiff”) who had brought an action against a publisher (the “defendant”), claiming that the publisher was under a duty to continue supplying the distributor on an exclusive (...)

The Spanish NCC closes, subject to commitments, proceeding against the performer’s collective management organization for unfair and discriminatory tariffs on TV broadcasting of audiovisual works (AISGE)
Callol, Coca & Asociados (Madrid)
The commitments finally presented by AISGE redesign the calculation of the tariffs to reflect effective use of its repertoire and have been considered adequate to resolve the anti-competitive effects of the conduct of AISGE; AISGE was under investigation in relation to unfair and discriminatory (...)

The Danish Supreme Court confirms that a TV broadcaster has abused its dominant position in the market for national television commercials in the form of illegal loyalty-inducing discounts (TV 2/Danmark)
Lexxion Publisher
On 18 March 2011 the Danish Supreme Court delivered a final judgment in the case concerning TV 2/Danmark’s use of loyalty-inducing discounts in the Danish market for TV advertising. The Supreme Court held in the judgment that TV 2/Danmark’s annual discounts are likely to have a material (...)

The Italian Antitrust Authority starts investigation against a media producer and distributor for infringement of art. 102 TFUE and national equivalent (R.T.I./Sky – Mondiali di Calcio)
Codacons
Sky Italia s.r.l. is controlled by News Corporation Ltd active on the media market, whose activity includes production and distribution of movies, tv show, newspaper, books and magazines’publication. (Reti Televisive Italiane) RTI S.p.A belongs to Mediaset Group, which controls the three main (...)

An Italian regional administrative tribunal annuls a decision from the NCA for ineffectiveness of the undertakings imposed to address the competition concerns raised on the market for broadcasting rights of football matches (Conto TV)
The Regional Administrative Tribunal for Lazio annuls a decision from the Italian Competition Authority for the ineffectiveness of the undertakings and forces the Authority to restart the proceedings and repeat the market test on the basis of the 287/1990 and 241/1990 laws and the EU Regulation (...)

The Polish President of the Office for Competition and Consumer Protection accepts commitments submitted by satellite pay-TV platform regarding the use of exclusive sports media rights (Cyfrowy Polsat)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
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Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (OCCP)
Decision On 12 February 2010, the President of the Office for Competition and Consumer Protection (OCCP) issued a decision which rendered plausible that Cyfrowy Polsat (pay-TV operator) had abused its dominant position by selling rights for public broadcasting of Euro 2008 subject to acquire (...)

The Spanish Competition Commission issues a report on the management of IP rights by collecting societies and concludes that their monopolistic position facilitates the distortion of effective competition
Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (Brussels)
On January 19, 2010, the Spanish Competition Commission published a report on collective societies’ management of Intellectual Property Rights (“IP rights”) in Spain and concluded that Spanish collecting societies enjoy a monopolistic position that reduces their incentives to operate efficiently, (...)

The Mexican Federal Competition Commission imposes antitrust fine for refusal to share television content with rival (Grupo Televisa, Tele Cable)
Jones Day (Mexico)
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Jones Day (Mexico)
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Jones Day (Mexico)
On December 1, it was announced that the Mexican Federal Competition Commission (“Cofeco”) had imposed a fine of pesos $ 47.5 million (approximately US $ 3.7 million) on Grupo Televisa, which is controlled by Mr. Emilio Azcárraga Jean, for refusing to provide certain television content to a cable (...)

The Tribunal of Milan holds a decision on the private enforcement of Art. 82 EC concerning cease of purchase of advertising spaces on leading commercial networks (Sky / Mediaset)
University of Turin
On September 16, 2009 Sky Italia S.r.l. has filed a lawsuit under the Art. 700 of the Italian Code of Civil Procedure with the Tribunal of Milan against RTI and Publitalia , both owned by the Mediaset Group, for the infringement of (a) the antitrust principles under Art. 82 of the European (...)

The Belgian Competition Prosecutor dismisses a claim from the Union of Belgian French-speaking Booksellers against their main distributors concerning alleged illicit agreement and abuse of dominant position (Interforum)
Philippe & Partners (Brussels)
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Liège University - IEJE
I. The parties The complaint was launched by the “Belgian Union of French-speaking Booksellers” (hereinafter UBFB), whose task is "to ensure the preservation and advancement of the interests of booksellers; safeguard, foster and promote by all means the dissemination of books; ensure the (...)

The Italian Competition Authority is investigating the sale of television rights for soccer matches ("Lega Calcio" - Procedure selettive lega nazionale professionisti campionati)
University of Turin
Since July 22, 2009 the Italian Competition Authority is investigating the sale of lucrative television rights to soccer matches in the country’s top league, Lega Calcio, because it suspects such rights have been packaged to benefit incumbent pay-TV operators and not viewers (Case n° A/418 of (...)

The Danish Eastern High Court overturns decision by the Competition Appeal Tribunal and finds that a broadcaster has abused its dominant position by granting rebates (TV2)
Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (Copenhagen)
On 22 June 2009, the Danish Eastern High Court overturned a decision by the Competition Appeal Tribunal - thereby confirming the earlier decision by the Danish Competition Authority - and found that the Danish broadcaster TV2 has abused its dominant position by granting loyalty enhancing (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority finds no exclusionary conduct on the market for on-screen cinema advertising despite exclusivity contracts of the dominant undertaking (Fida)
University of Leeds
The Turkish Competition Authority (TCA) has acted on a complaint alleging that Fida Film Production Distribution and Advertising Corporation (Fida Film) has entered into exclusivity agreements with all major cinema companies and foreclosed 80% of the market with these, rendering the (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority fines music industry collecting societies for discriminatory pricing (AGEDI, AIE)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Practising Law Institute
On 9 December 2008, the Spanish Competition Authority adopted a decision fining the two Spanish collecting societies in the music industry, AGEDI (representing music producers) and AIE (representing artists), for discriminatory pricing in breach of Article 82 EC and the equivalent provision of (...)

The French Competition Authority accepts commitments to address competition concerns in the TV services broadcasting sector (TDF)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. TV services Broadcasting: The commitments obtained by the Conseil de la concurrence from TDF will facilitate the entrusting of programme broadcasting by analogical channels to competing technical operators.* (...)

The French Competition Authority orders interim measures to address practices implemented by the incumbent operator on the terrestrial broadcasting of FM radio stations and analogical and digital TV sector (Towercast / TDF)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Terrestrial broadcasting of FM radio stations and analogical and digital TV: The Conseil de la concurrence orders TDF to propose to towerCast a new wholesale hosting offer for broadcasting FM from the Eiffel (...)

The French Competition Authority imposes interim measures to address practices implemented by the incumbent operator on the sector of terrestrial analogical broadcasting of TV services (Emettel / TDF)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Terrestrial analogical broadcasting of TV services: Conseil de la concurrence imposes interim measures against TDF and orders not to prevent TV channels from entrusting to other operators the broadcasting of (...)

The Swedish Market Court makes a preliminary reference to the ECJ on copyright management by collecting societies (Kanal 5 and TV 4)
General Court of the European Union (Luxembourg)
Introduction Since Sweden joined the European Union in 1995, the Swedish courts have been reluctant to make preliminary references to the European Court of Justice (“ECJ”) in all fields of law. Up until 2006, the Swedish courts had made on average 5 preliminary references per year, in (...)

The French Competition Authority rejects a request for interim measures on the pay-TV market (I>Télé / TPS)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Conseil de la concurrence rejects the request for interim measures filed by the news channel I>Télé and the Canal Plus Group, but continues its full inquiry into the case on the merits.* In July 2003, the (...)

The French Competition Authority orders interim measures to address competition concerns in the public radio broadcasting sector (TDF)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Conseil de la concurrence observes the end of TDF’s monopoly on broadcasting programmes for Radio France and imposes interim measures.* In a decision dated 1st December 2003, the Conseil de la concurrence (...)

The French Competition Authority hands down interim measures to address competition concerns regarding broadcasting rights for French First League football matches (Ligue de Football Professionnel)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Broadcasting rights for French First League football matches - the Conseil de la concurrence hands down interim measures.* On 18th November 2002, the company TPS submitted to the Conseil de la concurrence an (...)

The French Competition Authority decides not to pursue proceedings against French TV for alleged failure to adhere to injunctions (Canal plus)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Adherence to injunction : non-suit in Canal Plus case* Following a dual referral by the Minister of Economy and the companies Multivision and TPS concerning Canal Plus’ failure to adhere to injunctions issued (...)

The French Competition Authority grants interim measures on the pay-TV market (Multivision and TPS)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Referral and request for interim measures filed by the companies Multivision and TPS, concerning certain practices implemented by the companies Canal Plus and Kiosque* On 9th January 2001, the companies (...)

The French Competition Authority fines TV channel for implementing market share discounts practices in the sales of television advertising space sector (TF1 / Canal plus)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Practices of market share discounts in the sector for sales of television advertising space : the Conseil de la concurrence sanctions TF1* In a decision dated 13th February 2001, following a request from the (...)

Mergers

The Irish Parliament Committee on Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation debates on amendments proposed with a view to adopting the Competition and Consumer Protection Bill 2014
McCann FitzGerald (Dublin)
If it Ain’t Broke, Fix it: Ireland’s Competition Law, Version 2014* It took five years to draft. But now everything’s go!-go!-go! First published late spring 2014, Ireland’s newest competition law reform could be adopted by July. And though planning was long and time for debate is now short, last (...)

The German Competition Authority clears subject to conditions and obligations an acquisition on the market for TV programme magazines (Springer / Funke)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt clears Springer/Funke merger in the TV programme magazine segment subject to conditions and obligations* Bonn, 29 April 2014: The Bundeskartellamt has cleared subject to conditions and obligations the acquisition by FUNKE MEDIENGRUPPE of Axel Springer’s TV programme magazines (...)

The French Competition Authority again conditionally clears a merger in the TV-broadcasting sector (Canal Plus / D8 and D17 TV Channels)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Autorité de la concurrence again clears, subject to remedies, the acquisition of D8 and D17 by Vivendi and Groupe Canal Plus.* The commitments made by GCP and Vivendi are identical to those made at the (...)

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission does not oppose the proposed acquisition of media monitoring business (iSentia)
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission
ACCC to not oppose iSentia’s proposed acquisition of AAP’s media monitoring business The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission has announced that it will not oppose the proposed acquisition of Australian Associated Press Ltd’s media monitoring business by iSentia Pty Limited. iSentia (...)

The German Competition Authority clears the acquisition by paid TV service supplier of a minority share in TV-sports channel (Sky / Sport1 and Con­stan­tin Sport Mar­ke­ting)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Merger cleared - Sky may acquire a participation in Sport1* Today the Bundeskartellamt cleared the acquisition of a minority share in the sports channel Sport1 by Sky Deutschland. The transaction also involves the acquisition of a minority share in Constantin Sport Marketing GmbH (CSM) and the (...)

The French Competition Authority conditionally clears an acquisition of sole control on the pay-TV market (Mediaserv / Canal Plus Overseas)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Subject to a number of commitments, the Autorité de la concurrence has cleared the acquisition of Mediaserv by Canal Plus Overseas, a subsidiary of the Canal Plus Group* The Autorité de la concurrence has (...)

The upper house of the UK Parliament proposes that Ofcom should be allocated decision-making power in mergers raising potential media plurality concerns
UEA law school - Centre for Competition Policy
Article published on Centre for Competition Policy blog. Ofcom: A Credible Solution to Bias in Media Public Interest Mergers?* On 4 February, the House of Lords Select Committee on Communications published its Report on Media Plurality proposing a number of changes to media ownership (...)

The French Competition Authority requests consultation in relation to commitments proposed for a notified acquisition in the TV-broadcasting sector (Canal Plus / D8 and D17 TV Channels)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Canal Plus has just renotified the acquisition of D8 and D17 TV channels. The Autorité de la concurrence has decided to seek sector-specific regulators’ and market players’ views on the new draft commitments* (...)

The EU Commission approves an acquisition on the market for TV-broadcasting (Central European Media Enterprises / Time Warner)
Stanford University - Stanford Law School
European Commission approves the acquisition of Central European Media Enterprises by Time Warner* On 14 June 2013 the European Commission issued a press release stating that it approved Time Warner’s acquisition of Central European Media Enterprises (“CME”). According to the Commission, the two (...)

The French Competition Authority approves the implementation of an injunction after a merger in the pay TV sector (Canal Plus / TPS)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Autorité de la Concurrence approves three reference offers from the Groupe Canal Plus, after amendments. The first one regulates access of independent channels to distribution services by CanalSat; the (...)

The French Competition Authority clears, subject to conditions, a merger in the regional daily press sector (Rossel / Hersant)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Autorité de la concurrence clears, subject to conditions, the exclusive takeover, by the Rossel group, of companies in the Hersant Média group’s Champagne-Ardenne-Picardie Hub*. The Autorité de la (...)

The German Competition Authority prohibits merger between cable network operators (Tele Columbus / Kabel Deutschland)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 22 February 2013, the German Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) prohibited the proposed acquisition of Germany’s third-largest cable network operator, Tele Columbus GmbH (“Tele Columbus”), by the country’s biggest cable network operator, Kabel Deutschland Holding AG (“Kabel Deutschland”). (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority imposed its highest fine ever for a breach of commitments in a merger case in the TV industry (Mediaset)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 7 February 2013, the Spanish Competition Authority (“CNC”) imposed its highest ever fine for a breach of commitments in a merger case. The fine was imposed on Spanish television group Mediaset based on commitments it made in exchange for CNC approval of the acquisition of Cuatro by (...)

The French Council of State reduces € 30 M fine imposed on pay-TV operators for failure to comply with commitments in merger case (Vivendi / Canal Plus)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 21 December 2012, the French Council of State (the highest administrative court in France) reduced a fine imposed on pay-TV operators Vivendi and Canal Plus for breaching commitments entered into in the context of the conditional clearance of their acquisition of TV channels TPS and (...)

The EU Court of Justice dismisses appeals against General Court judgments in merger case in the publishing industry (Lagardère / VUP)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 6 November 2012, the European Court of Justice dismissed two appeals by Editions Odile Jacob against judgments of the General Court in the Lagardère/VUP case. The acquisition by Lagardère of part of rival publishing company Vivendi Universal Publishing was approved by the Commission (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the publishing sector (Gallimard / Flammarion)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of the Flammarion group by the Gallimard group* The Autorité de la concurrence has cleared the acquisition of the Flammarion group by the Gallimard group, (...)

The French Competition Authority clears, subject to conditions, a merger in the television sector (Canal Plus / Direct 8)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of Direct 8 and Direct Star by Vivendi and Groupe Canal Plus, subject to conditions* On 23 July 2012, the Autorité de la concurrence cleared the acquisition (...)

The EU Court of Justice restricts access to Commission file in merger cases (Éditions Odile Jacob / Lagardère / Natexis VUP and Agrofert / PKN Orlen / Unipetrol)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 28 June 2012, the European Court of Justice handed down two judgments on appeals by the European Commission in cases concerning the disclosure to third parties of documents relating to proceedings under the EU Merger Regulation. The first case concerns the Commission’s refusal to (...)

The Polish Office of Competition and Consumer Protection releases his report on pay television (Market for pay TV services)
European Commission
Poland: UOKiK’s Report on Pay Television* The current situation on the market for pay TV services in Poland has been the object of a thorough analysis by the Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK). The outcome of this analysis has been presented in a report in August this year. (...)

The French Competition Authority fines two media groups for violating merger remedies in the satellite TV sector (TPS / Canal Sat)
EDHEC (Nice)
Summary The merger between TPS and Canal Satellite, Vivendi Universal and Canal plus Group’s satellite television subsidiary, was cancelled and the companies had to pay a 30 million euro fine and re-submit their merger. Facts In 2006, Canal plus group and Vivendi Universal group decided to (...)

The Polish Competition Authority conditionally approves a concentration in the cable TV market (UPC Polska/Aster)
Greenberg Traurig Grzesiak (Warsaw)
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Hogan Lovells (Warsaw)
Background On 5th September 2011, the President of the Office for Competition and Consumers Protection (the «OCCP«) issued an administrative decision approving the acquisition of Aster by UPC Polska («UPC«). As a result of the merger UPC will achieve a substantial market position in the area of (...)

The French Competition Authority clears, subject to conditions, a merger in the regional daily press sector (Crédit Mutuel / Est Républicain)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Autorité de la concurrence clears, subject to conditions, the proposed acquisition of sole control of the Est Républicain Group by the Crédit Mutuel*. The Autorité de la concurrence has examined the (...)

The Brussels Court of Appeal confirms Competition Council’s decision amending condition imposed on cable network operator’s acquisition of pay-TV provider (Telenet / Canal+)
Van Bael & Bellis
In a judgment of 17 May 2011, the Brussels Court of Appeal confirmed the Belgian Competition Council’s decision of 29 November 2010 amending a condition that had been imposed in 2003 on cable network operator Telenet’s acquisition of pay-TV provider Canal+. The condition in question (...)

The German Competition Authority prohibits joint venture between two leading TV broadcasters (RTL and Pro7Sat1)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
According to a press release of 18 March 2011, the German Federal Cartel Office has prohibited the plans of broadcasting groups RTL and Pro7Sat1 to form a joint venture for the creation and operation of an online video platform. In its statement of objections of 23 February 2011, the Cartel (...)

The UK Government intends to refer a merger in the audiovisual sector to Competition Commission if satisfactory commitments are not offered (News Corp, BSkyB)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 25 January 2011, the UK Culture Secretary Jeremy Hunt announced that he is “minded” to refer News Corp‘s proposed buy-out of UK satellite broadcaster BSkyB to the Competition Commission due to concerns surrounding the transaction’s impact on media plurality in the UK. News Corp already owns a (...)

The Belgian Competition Council amends the conditions imposed on an acquisition in the audiovisual sector (Telenet / Canal+)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
In a decision of 29 November 2010, the Belgian Competition Council amended a condition that was imposed in 2003 on cable network operator Telenet‘s acquisition of pay-TV provider Canal+. The condition in question essentially required Telenet to offer its pay-TV content to competing network (...)

The French Competition Authority rejects complaint against certain pay TV exclusivity arrangements on grounds of previous merger clearance decision (Canal +)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 16 November 2010, the French Competition Authority rejected an antitrust complaint directed against certain exclusivity arrangements concluded by Groupe Canal Plus on the French pay TV markets, insofar as these arrangements were “ancillary” to the French Minister of Economy’s Canal (...)

The UK OFCOM investigates implications on media plurality arising from a merger in the audiovisual sector (News Corp, BSkyB)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 4 November 2010, the UK Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills instigated an investigation by the UK Office of Communications (Ofcom) into the implications that News Corp’s proposed buyout of UK satellite broadcaster BSkyB may have for media plurality in the UK. The first (...)

The EU Commission refers the assessment of the joint venture between two German private broadcasters to the competition authorities of Austria and Germany, at their request (ProSie-benSat.1 / RTL)
Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 24 September 2010 the European Commission referred the assessment of the joint venture between the German private broadcasters ProSie-benSat.1 and RTL to the competition authorities of Austria and Germany, at their request. The (...)

The EU General Court upholds a Commission’s phase II merger approval in the publishing sector and rehabilitates parking arrangement (Odile Jacob)
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (Brussels)
Odile Jacob: the rehabilitation of the parking arrangement* More than six years after the case was launched, the General Court rendered its judgment in Case T-279/04, Editions Odile Jacob Sas v. Commission, relating to the appeal against a 2004 decision of the European Commission approving the (...)

The EU Commission modifies commitments attached to a merger in the digital satellite TV sector in light of changed market conditions (Newscorp / Telepiu)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 20 July 2010, the European Commission relieved Italian digital satellite TV company Sky Italia from one of the commitments given in the context of the 2003 Newscorp/Telepiuacquisition. This allows Sky Italia now to bid in the upcoming tender for the allocation of digital terrestrial TV (...)

The UK Office of Fair Trading refers an acquisition in the media images sector leading the parties to abandon the merger (Getty Images / Rex Features)
Herbert Smith Freehills (Brussels)
Introduction and background This was a transaction involving two companies (Rex Features Limited - “Rex” - and Getty Images, Inc - “Getty”) with overlapping activities in the licensing of stock and editorial images to media companies (in particular celebrity and entertainment images). The two (...)

The Swedish Competition Authority launches a post-merger in-depth investigation on the acquisition of a media company (Retriever AB)
White & Case
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White & Case (Brussels)
On 12 May 2010, the Swedish Competition Authority announced that it was conducting an in-depth investigation concerning the acquisition of Swedish media company Retriever AB. While the competitive aspects of the case may be complex and perhaps even warrant scrutiny, the announcement served as a (...)

The French Competition Authority conditionally clears an acquisition of two digital TV channels (TF1, NT1, TMC)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
The French Competition Authority recently conditionally cleared the acquisition by leading French broadcaster TF1 Group of sole control over NT1 and TMC, two digital terrestrial television channels. According to its press release, the Competition Authority found that the proposed transaction – (...)

The US DoJ requires divestiture of operations in 4 cities prior to clearing a private-equity investor’s acquisition of a media company, thereby preventing anticompetitive effects in the market for radio stations (Bain Capital / Clear Channel)
Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld (Dallas)
Bain Capital LLC (“Bain”), Thomas H. Lee Partners, L.P. (“THL”), and Clear Channel Communications Inc. (“Clear Channel”) entered into a consent decree with the DOJ on February 13, 2008 to close the DOJ’s investigation into Bain and THL’s acquisition of a 70% interest in Clear Channel. The consent (...)

The European Commission conditionally clears an acquisition in the market for production and distribution of TV programs, TV satellite and cable broadcasting (News Corp/Premiere)
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European Commission - DG COMP
"Mergers: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2008"* In June a conditional approval was granted to the proposed acquisition of Germany’s pay-TV operator Premiere AG by News Corporation (News Corp) of the US. The approval was granted subject to commitments which would ensure third (...)

The European Commission conditionally clears a merger between two global providers of financial information (Thompson, Reuters)
European Commission - DG COMP
"The Thomson/Reuters merger investigation: a search for the relevant markets in the world of financial data"* I. Introduction On 19 February 2008, after an in-depth investigation, the Commission cleared the Thomson/Reuters merger transaction subject to commitments. The case concerns the (...)

The French Directorate for Competition clears an acquisition in the press and media sector, subject to conditions addressing conglomerate concerns (LVMH / Les Echos)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 25 January 2008, the French Directorate for Competition, Consumption and Combating Fraud (DGCCRF) published two decisions conditionally clearing separate transactions in the press and media sector. The first decision concerned the acquisition of the French financial daily newspaper Les (...)

The French Directorate for Competition clears an acquisition in the press and media sector, subject to conditions addressing conglomerate concerns (Hersant Média Group, Lagardère)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 25 January 2008, the French Directorate for Competition, Consumption and Combating Fraud (DGCCRF) published two decisions conditionally clearing separate transactions in the press and media sector. The second decision concerned the acquisition by Hersant Média Group (HMG) of several (...)

The French Minister of Economics clears a merger in the sector of regional press with remedies, including bundling prohibition (GHM/Lagardère)
University Paris II Panthéon‑Assas
The operation By a letter dated 7 December 2007, the French Minister of Economy, Finance, and Employment authorised the merger between two companies in the sector of daily and weekly regional press and Internet : Groupe Hersant Media (hereinafter « GHM ») and Groupe Lagardère (hereinafter « (...)

The Irish Competition Authority clears a merger in the market for radio stations subject to the divestment of a previously acquired station (Communicorp/SRH)
Université de Genève
The operation On 7 December 2007, the Irish Competition Authority (ICA) cleared the acquisition of three radio stations of Scottish Radio Holdings (SRH) by Communicorp subject to remedies. Communicorp’s main business interests are in radio broadcasting in Ireland as well as Eastern and (...)

The European Commission conditionally clears a merger in the book publishing industry (Egmont/Bonnier Danish books)
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European Commission - DG COMP
"Mergers: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2007"* On 15 October the Commission cleared the proposed acquisition of the Danish book publishing company Bonnier Forlagene A/S, belonging to the Swedish media group Bonnier, by Egmont of Denmark, also a media group. The (...)

The French Minister of Economy sets out principles for the assessment of competition in markets that use Internet as media and conditionally clears in phase I a merger in the market for online classified advertisement (Spir / Schibsted)
RBB Economics (Brussels)
Introduction On 10 September 2007 the French Minister of Economy, Finances and Employment (hereafter the “Minister”) cleared the creation by Spir Communication and Schibsted ASA of a jointly owned company, subject to behavioural commitments (Decision C2007/19, hereafter “the Decision”). The new (...)

The Norwegian Media Authority blocks a merger cleared by the Norwegian Competition Authority subject to remedies (Media Norge)
Brown Brothers Harriman (BBH) (Luxembourg)
Norwegian Competition Authority ( Konkurransetilsynet), 12 June 2007, Press release, Conditions for Media Norge Merger (English) Norwegian Competition Authority ( Konkurransetilsynet), 25 April 2007, Press release, Possible intervention against Media Norge merger (English) Norwegian Media (...)

The Austrian Federal Competition Authority conditionally clears a regional press merger (Moser/Oberösterreichische Rundschau)
NERA (Berlin)
The operation The Oberösterreichische Rundschau Gruppe (OÖ Group) publishes several weekly newspapers in Upper Austria. Moser Holding AG (Moser) is not yet active in the region but does publish the weekly freesheet "Bezirksblätter" in several regions, some of them bordering Upper Austria. The (...)

The UK Government refers a media merger to the Competition Commission finding that the proposed transaction could raise substantial issues concerning the plurality of news provision for both cross-media and television news (BSkyB/ITV)
The HR Suite
Competition Commission, 24 May 2007, British Sky Broadcasting plc. / ITVplc. Inquiry Summary On 24 May 2007, the UK government referred the proposed acquisition by British Sky Broadcasting Group (“BSkyB”) of a 17.9% stake in ITV plc (“ITV”) to the UK Competition Commission. Alistair Darling, (...)

The Icelandic Competition Authority clears a merger in the retail market for books and stationery items subject to restrictions on marketing and sales (DM/Dreifingarmidstodin)
PwC
The operation On 27 April 2006, Penninn hf. notified the Icelandic Competition Authority (ICA) that it had acquired two bookstores, Bokaverslun Jonasar Tomassonar (BJT) and Bokaverslun Andres Nielsson (BAN). In its review the ICA noticed that in 2005 DM had bought Dreifingarmidstodin. DM and (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority clears a merger in the market for telecommunication and media subject to remedies related to fixed and mobile networks activities and to media and contents activities (Sonaecom/PT merger)
PLMJ (Lisboa)
The operation The operation consisted in a merger resulting from a takeover bid launched by SONAECOM, SGPS, S.A. (Sonaecom) over PORTUGAL TELECOM, SGPS, S.A. (PT). Sonaecom is a sub-holding of the SONAE group and operating in the telecommunication, Internet and media areas, especially in the (...)

The Hungarian NCA clears a merger in the TV markets subject to non-discriminative broadcasting conditions (Sport1 - Chellomedia Programing)
lakatos, koves and partners
The operation Chellomedia is the member of the Liberty group, which is owned by the Liberty Global Inc. and provides media services worldwide. Sport1 Zrt. was established by undertakings belonging to the Liberty group, however, the 75 per cent of the shares were sold. Thus, Chellomedia became (...)

The French Minister of Economics conditionally clears a merger in the markets of free newspapers (SPIR / S3G)
University Paris II Panthéon‑Assas
The operation By a letter dated 31 May 2006, the French Minister of Economy, Finance, and Employment authorizes the merger between Spir Communication SA (Spir) and the Société des Gratuits de Guyenne et Gascogne SA (S3G). The merger created a joint-venture, “S3G Com”, running the publication of (...)

The Italian Competition Authority clears a merger in the media and telecommunications sectors subject to behavioural remedies, including granting of non discriminatory access to the broadcasting network (Reti Televisive Italiane/Ramo Di Azienda di Europa TV)
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Chiomenti (Rome)
The operation On 10 April 2006 the Competition Authority cleared with conditions the acquisition of some assets of the broadcasting network Europa TV S.p.A. (Europa TV), owned by Holland Coordinator & Service Company Italia S.p.A. (71%) and TF1 SA (29%), by R.T.I. Reti Televisive Italiane (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority clears with divestments a merger in the radio sector but the Council of Ministries reduced the extent of the remedies (Unión Radio/Antena 3 Radio)
PwC (Madrid)
The operation The proposed merger was the acquisition of Antena 3 Radio by Unión Radio. Antena 3 Radio was a company operating 93 radio stations in Spain. The main shareholders of Antena 3 Radio were Inversiones Godó (64.6%) and Paltrieva (24.8%). Unión Radio was a company that managed radio (...)

The UK Office of Fair Trading clears a merger in the radio sector in Phase I without reference to the Competition Commission while accepting local asset divestment (Capital Radio/GWR Group)
Asociación Española de Compañías de Investigación, Exploración, Producción de Hidrocarburos y Almacenamiento Subterráneo (Aciep)
The operation Capital Radio and GWR Group are commercial radio groups operating in the UK. Capital proposed acquiring the whole of GWR’s issued share capital (para. 1, 2 and 4). The market(s) The OFT assessed the effects of the merger in relation to the provision of (i) radio advertising both (...)

The Irish Competition Authority clears in phase II a merger in the market for radio broadcasting subject to remedies, including the divestment of an equity stake in a radio station and discontinuation of joint selling arrangements (Scottish Radio Holdings/FM 104)
Université de Genève
The operation On 23 October 2004 the acquisition by Scottish Radio Holdings (SRH) of Capital Radio Productions Limited (CRPL) was notified to the Irish Competition Authority (ICA). SRH is active in the radio and publishing business in the UK and the Republic of Ireland, where it owns national (...)

The EU Commission approves a Spanish joint venture in the media sector (Prisa / Polestar)
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European Commission - DG COMP
"Merger Control: Main developments between 1st September 2003 and 31st December 2003"* In December the Commission approved a proposed Spanish joint venture, which will bring together the printing activities of Spanish media group Prisa and those of British graphic arts company Polestar. On 6 (...)

The Czech Competition Office clears a merger in the TV broadcasting and TV advertising markets subject to maintenance of third parties access under existing business terms and conditions (PPF/Nova Holding)
Clifford Chance
The operation In merger concerned, PPF (CYPRUS) LIMITED ("PPF"), and three individuals acquired joint control over NOVA HOLDING, a.s. ("Nova Holding") under a shareholders agreement, which followed the share purchase agreement and the related agreement on transfer of rights and obligations (p. (...)

The European Commission refuses the request of the French authorities for the partial referral of a merger case in the publishing edition in France (Vivendi Universal Publishing/Lagardere)
European Commission - DG COMP
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European Commission - DG COMP
"Merger control: main developments between 1st May and 31st August 2003"* On 14 May 2003, the French authorities lodged an application asking that the planned acquisition of Vivendi Universal Publishing (VUP) by the French conglomerate Lagardère be referred to them under Article 9 of the Merger (...)

The French Minister of Economy cleared in Phase II a merger in the press sector with structural and behavioural commitments, including bundling prohibition and termination of exclusive contract (France Antilles/Comareg)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The operation In the case at hand, Vivendi Universal Publishing sold its entire equity interest in Comareg to France Antilles. Following the opinion given by the competition council, the Minister cleared the merger subject to structural and behavioral remedies. The market(s) The markets (...)

The European Commission gives the green light to the merger between the two existing satellite pay-TV platforms in Italy subject to a complex package of conditions (Newscorp/Telepiù)
European Commission - DG COMP
"The Commission closes probe into pay-TV industry in Italy approving Newscorp/Telepiù merger deal"* On 2 April 2003, after an in-depth investigation, the Commission gave the green light to the merger between the two existing satellite pay-TV platforms in Italy subject to a complex package of (...)

The Netherlands Competition Authority approves conditionally plans for cost savings at two daily newspapers (BN De Stem / Provinciale Zeeuwse Courant)
Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets (The Hague)
NMa Gives Conditional Approval to Wegener’s Plans for Daily Newspapers in Zealand Flanders* The Netherlands Competition Authority (NMa) has agreed conditionally to the plans of Wegener N.V. for cost savings at the daily newspaper BN/De Stem and Provinciale Zeeuwse Courant. Wegener is required (...)

The European Court of First Instance annuls the Commission decision in a merger case which attempted to retroactively modify the original assessment on the ancillary restrictions (Lagardere/Canal Plus v. Commission)
European Commission - DG ECFIN
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European Commission - DG COMP
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European Commission - DG GROW
"Merger Control: Main developments between 1st September 2002 and 31st December 2002"* The main interest of this judgment lies in its impact on the interpretation of the Merger Regulation with regard to ancillary restraints. The Court held that contractual clauses which constitute restrictions (...)

The Netherlands Competition Authority decides that an in-depth investigation is necessary into the proposed takeover on the market for cable connections (Casema / Liberty Media)
Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets (The Hague)
NMa To Investigate Merger Liberty - Casema Further* The Netherlands Competition Authority (NMa) has decided that an in-depth investigation is necessary into the proposed takeover of Casema Holding B.V. by the American cable and media company, Liberty Media Corporation. At present, Liberty (...)

The Italian Competition Authority conditionally clears a merger in the sector of media (Groupe Canal+/Stream)
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Chiomenti (Rome)
The operation On 13 May 2002, the Competition Authority approved with conditions the acquisition by Group Canal+ (Canal+) of Stream S.p.A. (Stream) by way of purchase of shares. Canal+ is solely controlled by the French group Vivendi Universal. Canal+ is active in the production, distribution (...)

The German Competition Authority conditionally clears acquisition on the market for paid content (T-Online / Bild.de)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt clears T-Online participation in Bild.de subject to specific conditions* The Bundeskartellamt has cleared T-Online International AG’s acquisition of a 37 per cent share in Bild.de after the companies concerned had clarified with legally binding effect a number of preconditions (...)

The German Competition Authority finds that planned acquisition was prone to strengthen dominant positions in the supply market for broadcasting signals to final customers (TeleColumbus / Liberty Media)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt issues warning regarding the planned Liberty Media/TeleColumbus GmbH merger* According to the preliminary assessment of the Bundeskartellamt, the planned acquisition by Liberty Media of subsidiaries of TeleColumbus GmbH would, so far as these are active in the territory of (...)

The German Bundeskartellamt clears a merger in the online travel agency industry (Bild.de / T-Online)
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
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European Commission - DG ECFIN
"Internet Joint Ventures and the Quest for Exclusive Content: The T-Online Cases"* Introduction EC and national competition law issues arising from the marketing of ‘premium’ content, such as travel services and sports news, via the Internet were at the centre of several recent competition (...)

The Italian Competition Authority clears a merger in the media sector with behavioural remedies, including granting of non-discriminatory access (Seat Pagine Gialle/Cecchi Gori Communications)
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Chiomenti (Rome)
The operation On 23 January 2001, the Competition Authority authorized with conditions the acquisition by Seat Pagine Gialle S.p.A. of Cecchi Gori Communications S.p.A. by way of purchase of shares. SEAT Seat Pagine Gialle S.p.A. (SEAT) is an Italian company belonging to the Telecom Italia (...)

The European Commission approves merger between French and Canadian companies in the broadcasting industry (Vivendi/Canal Plus/Seagram)
Service européen pour l’action extérieure (EEAS)
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Financial Conduct Authority (FCA)
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European Commission - DG COMP
"Merger Control: main developments between 1st September 2000 and 31st December 2000"* In October, the Commission approved the acquisition by French telecommunications and media company Vivendi and its subsidiary Canal+ of Canada’s Seagram. The transaction significantly affected three markets, (...)

The European Commission clears a merger in the entertainment industry creating the first vertically-integrated Internet content provider (AOL/Time Warner)
Conseil régional de Midi-Pyrénées
"The Commission’s review of the media merger wave"* The media industry involves a wide and diversified set of activities vertically related. Indeed, different players such as content providers, rights holders and content distributors all operate in the value chain from the production of content (...)

The European Commission acknowledges the withdrawal of an acquisition in the music industry (EMI/Time Warner)
Conseil régional de Midi-Pyrénées
"The Commission’s review of the media merger wave"* The media industry involves a wide and diversified set of activities vertically related. Indeed, different players such as content providers, rights holders and content distributors all operate in the value chain from the production of content (...)

The Spanish Supreme Court annuls a decision authorizing a merger on grounds other than competition law (Antena 3 de Radio, Sociedad Española de Radiodifusión, Sociedad de Servicios Radiofónicos Unión Radio)
Cuatrecasas, Gonçalves Pereira
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Cuatrecasas, Goncalves Pereira (Madrid)
On June 9, 2000, the Spanish Supreme Court annulled, on other grounds than competition law, the Spanish Council of Ministers’ decision of May 20, 1994 (“the Decision”) to not oppose a merger involving transferring part of Antena 3 Radio, SA (“A3”) and Sociedad Española de Radiodifusión, SA (“SER”) (...)

The European Commission authorizes the creation of joint venture in the publishing industry (BOL Spain/Bertelsmann/Planeta Corporación)
European Commission (DG NEAR)
"Commission authorises creation of joint venture BOL Spain by Bertelsmann AG and Planeta Corporación S.R.L."* The European Commission has cleared the concentration between Bertelsmann AG and Planeta Corporación S.R.L. Through this operation the parties will obtain joint control over Books (...)

The European Commission approves a merger between two leading professional publishers (Wolters Kluwer/Reed Elsevier)
European Commission - DG TRADE
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"Mergers Recent important decisions" The proposed merger of Wolters Kluwer and Reed Elsevier was notified to the Commission on 10 November 1997. After initial examination it was concluded that the operation gave rise to serious competitive concerns in a number of national markets for (...)

State Aids

The Court of Justice of the EU rules that under article 4(3) TEU a national court must take into account the Commission’s statements of position on the meaning and consequences of a Commission Decision (Mediaset)
Blackstone Chambers
“What’s in a Commission Decision?” and other lessons for national courts* In a decision of 13 February 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) added a little gloss to an otherwise well-trodden path in relation to the binding aspects of a Commission Decision. For instance, it is (...)

The EU Court of Justice rules that the national courts dealing with a case of recovery of illegal state aid may not disregard the statement of position made by the Commission in the relevant decision (Mediaset)
College of Europe (Bruges)
Article published on Lexxion State Aid Blog The Role of National Courts in Recovery of Incompatible State Aid* Introduction In December I examined the judgment in the case of Lufthansa v Frankfurt-Hahn, which laid down certain obligations for national courts whenever they are petitioned to (...)

The EU General Court rejects the appeal against a budgetary grant in favour of the state owned television company without providing any further explanation on the matter of inefficient undertakings assigned with PSOs (Télévision française 1)
College of Europe (Bruges)
Article published on Lexxion State Aid Blog Tax Hypothecation and Economic Efficiency under Altmark: T-275/11, French Television 1 v Commission* Background France Télévisions is a limited company wholly owned by the French State. As France abolished advertising on public television, it also (...)

The European Commission approves public financing granted to Danish broadcaster concluding that the State financing was necessary and proportionate, according to the EU current rules on state funding for public broadcasters (TV2)
European Commission - DG COMP
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European Commission - DG COMP
State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 20 April, the Commission adopted two decisions approving the funding mechanism that was in place for the Danish broadcaster TV2 between 1995 and 2002. The first decision concluded that state financing received during the (...)

The European Commission authorises Denmark’s plans to establish a new public service radio to increase competition on the country’s radio market for public service programming by supporting the creation of a new channel (channel FM4)
European Commission - DG COMP
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European Commission - DG COMP
State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 23 March, the Commission authorised Denmark’s plans to establish a new public service radio, channel FM4, to increase competition on the country’s radio market for public service programming by supporting the creation of a new (...)

The European Commission orders France to repay the full amount of the parafiscal tax on advertisements broadcast on sound radio and television following the Court of Justice judgment that invalidated the State aid scheme (Official communication)
Direction générale des finances publiques (DGFIP)
This article is an official communication from the French Public Finances General Directorate, published at the Legal Department-Taxation request. It concerns the reimbursement of the parafiscal tax that unlawfully financed State aid scheme no. C 4/2009 (ex N 679/1997). The title is from the (...)

The European Court of Justice rules on two state aids in the books distribution sector holding that their twenty-year duration is not an “exceptional situation” under European law (CELF, SIDE)
Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (Brussels)
Court of Justice: A twenty-year duration of a State aid case does not amount to an “exceptional situation” under the State aid rules.* On March 11, 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union (the “ECJ”) rendered a judgment (preliminary ruling) in response to two State aid questions referred (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority recommends that the Regional Government of Madeira notify to the European Commission State aid granted to a newspaper editor (Jornal da Madeira)
University of Lisbon
,
Pares Advogados
On 29 July 2009 the Portuguese Competition Authority issued a recommendation addressed to the Regional Government of the Archipelago of Madeira urging the notification to the European Commission of financial support amounting to € 23,4 million granted until 2007 to Jornal da Madeira, a newspaper (...)

The European Commission revises its communication on State aid and public service broadcasting
European Commission - DG COMP
,
European Commission - DG COMP
,
European Commission - DG COMP
"The 2009 Broadcasting Communication"* On 2 July 2009 the Commission revised its 2001 Communication on State aid and public service broadcasting. After three public consultations, the revised Communication clarifies the legal framework for the expansion of public service broadcasters onto new (...)

The French Council of State orders stay in proceedings regarding the recovery of unlawful aid in the CELF case and refer to the ECJ the question of the extent of the national courts’ obligation in such "exceptional circumstances" (CELF II)
Sheppard Mullin (Brussels)
,
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
Factual background CELF is a cooperative society in public limited company form and operates as an export agent. It aims to process orders from abroad and from the French overseas territories and departments for books, brochures and any communication media and, more generally, to perform (...)

The Austrian Supreme Court rules that an advantage that may qualify as an existing State aid under Art. 87 EC may be considered permissible as long as the EC Commission has not declared this advantage as being incompatible (Newspaper cross-financing, Wiener Zeitung II)
Salzburg University
On 10 June, 2008, the Austrian Supreme Court ruled that the view according to which an advantage that may qualify as an existing state aid measure under Article 87 EC may be considered permissible as long as the Commission has not declared this advantage as being incompatible with the Common (...)

A German Administrative Court of appeal rules that a broadcasting tax that is part of an existing aid cannot be challenged before a national court unless the EC Commission demands its modification be suppressed pursuant to Art. 88.2 EC ("Rundfunkgebühr 1")
European Commission - DG COMP
,
Maersk (Copenhagen)
Brief description of the facts and legal issues The Baden-Württemberg administrative court of appeal holds that a tax payer, refusing to pay a radio tax, cannot base its claim upon an alleged infringement of EC State aid rules by the German radio financing system. This broadcasting tax is part (...)

The EU Court of First Instance annuls the Commission decision clearing export aid in the French book sector (SIDE)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 15 April 2008, the Court of First Instance (hereinafter the “CFI”) annulled a Commission decision which had found State aid granted to a French book exporter compatible with the common market. The CFI ruled that the Commission had, firstly, erred in law by applying new Treaty rules (...)

The European Commission rules that the existing aid granted by Ireland to public service broadcasters is no longer compatible with the EC State aid rules (RTE, TG4)
European Commission - DG COMP
,
European Commission - DG COMP
,
European Commission - DG COMP
"Funding of public service broadcasting and State aid rules - two recent cases in Belgium and Ireland"* I. Introduction The present article illustrates the Commission’s State aid assessment practice concerning funding for public service broadcasters on the basis of two recent cases which were (...)

The European Commission conditionally approves State aid granted by Belgium to a public service broadcaster (Flemish public broadcaster VRT)
European Commission - DG COMP
,
European Commission - DG COMP
,
European Commission - DG COMP
"Funding of public service broadcasting and State aid rules - two recent cases in Belgium and Ireland"* I. Introduction The present article illustrates the Commission’s State aid assessment practice concerning funding for public service broadcasters on the basis of two recent cases which were (...)

The French Council of State upholds the judgment of the Court of Appeal of Douai on the existence of an alleged unlawful State aid concerning a tax perceived on publicity expenses allocated for the financing of support measures to the press sector (ATAC)
Sheppard Mullin (Brussels)
,
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
Factual Background Atac is an undertaking selling advertising spaces inside free newspapers. The claimant requested the recovery of a tax imposed on certain commercial expenses as set out by Article 302 bis of the Tax code. At first instance, the administrative tribunal of Lille held that the (...)

The French Council of State refers to the ECJ for preliminary ruling on the extent of the recovery obligation of an unlawful aid later declared compatible by the Commission (CELF I)
Sheppard Mullin (Brussels)
,
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
Factual background CELF is a cooperative society in public limited company form and carries on the activity of export agent. Its aims are to process directly orders for abroad and the French overseas territories and departments for books, brochures and any communication media and, more (...)

The European Commission decides to open formal investigation proceedings on the subsidy provided by Italy to consumers buying a certain type of decoders allowing the view of digital television programs
European Commission - DG MOVE
,
European Commission - DG ECFIN
"State aid to digital decoders: proportionality is needed to meet common interest"* 1. Introduction In December 2005 the Commission decided to open formal investigation proceedings on the subsidy provided by Italy to consumers buying a certain type of decoders allowing the view of digital (...)

Procedures

The Irish Competition Authority and National Consumer Agency welcomes the publication of the Competition and Consumer Protection Bill which will merge the two organisations to form the Competition and Consumer Protection Commission
Irish Competition Authority
Competition Authority and National Consumer Agency welcome publication of the Competition and Consumer Protection Bill* The Competition Authority and National Consumer Agency today welcomed the publication of the Competition and Consumer Protection Bill which will merge the two organisations (...)

The French Competition Authority acknowledges it does not have jurisdiction over decisions made by bodies which are not economic operators (Conseil supérieur des messageries de presse)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Autorité de la concurrence does not have jurisdiction over decisions made by the Conseil supérieur des messageries de presse (CSMP)*. The Autorité de la concurrence today issued a decision whereby it (...)

The French Constitutional Council confirms the NCA’s ability to sanction companies breaching their merger remedies (Canal Plus)
Hewlett Packard (Boulogne-Billancourt)
,
Fieldfisher (Paris)
In its decision dated 12 October 2012, the French Constitutional Council (“Conseil constitutionnel”) confirmed the constitutionality of the provisions of the French Commercial Code (“FCC”) relating to (i) the ability of the French Competition Authority to sanction companies having breached their (...)

The UK Ofcom publishes its report on measuring media plurality
University of East Anglia - CCP (Norwich)
Article published on Centre for Competition Policy blog. Ofcom’s Report on Measuring Media Plurality – The Outstanding Questions* On 19 June, Ofcom published its report on the future of the media plurality rules. The process began in October last year, with the Culture Secretary, Jeremy Hunt (...)

A Canadian Court of Appeal challenges over potentially defamatory language in website press release posting (TPG Technology Consulting Ltd and Donald Powell v Canada)
Canadian International Joint Commission
Introduction The Ontario Court of Appeal (the "court") said Canada’s Competition Bureau (the "Bureau"), which assists the Commissioner of Competition in the administration and enforcement of the Competition Act (the "Act"), used potentially defamatory language in a 2009 press release website (...)

The ECJ Advocate General Mazák finds that NCAs have no competence to acquit companies of infringements (Tele2 Polska)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
,
Practising Law Institute
On 7 December 2010, European Court of Justice (“ECJ”) Advocate General (“AG”) Jan Mazák published his opinion in Tele 2 Polska, advising the Court to rule that national competition authorities (“NCAs”) should not be entitled to declare certain practices compatible with Articles 101 or 102 of the (...)

The College of Prosecutors of the Belgian Competition Council decides that consumers are competent to ask for interim measures but rejects their request (Telenet)
European Commission
Belgium: The Telenet Case: Consumers and Interim Measures In its decision of 27 September 2010, the competition prosecutor has decided that consumers are competent to ask for interim measures when they are the victim of restrictive practices. The request for interim measures against Telenet (...)

The Paris Court of Appeals applies the EU "harmless error rule" in a commitment procedure where a party has been denied full access to the French Competition Authority’s file (Canal 9)
Jones Day (Paris)
The harmless error rule and the French commitment procedure* Paris Court of appeals, 1 June 2010, Canal 9 Merely one month before the ECJ delivered its very expected judgment in the Alrosa case, a ruling of the Paris Court of Appeals confirmed that the exercise of the rights of the defense in (...)

The Greek Competition Authority adopts new forms for post-merger notification and registration of agreements both for purposes of mapping the market
European Commission
Greece: New Notice on Enforcement Priorities and Adoption of new Forms On 27 November 2009, the HCC adopted revised Forms for (a) post-merger notification and (b) the registration of agreements, both for purposes of mapping the market (as defined in articles 4a and 21 of Law 703/77 (...)

A Portuguese Court of Commerce declares as partially extinct the infringement procedure against owner of a television channel and cable television operator which gave rise to the imposition of a € 3 M fine (PT Multimédia, CATVP and SIC)
Samsung (Portugal)
On 10 August 2007, the Lisbon Court of Commerce (Court) declared as partially extinct the infringement procedure regarding SIC (owner of a Portuguese private television channel), PT Multimédia and TV Cabo (cable television operator) within the appeal of the decision issued by the Portuguese (...)

The UK Office of Fair Trading accepts for the first time binding commitments following a Competition Act 1998 investigation (TV Eye)
UK Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) (London)
1. Introduction In this Decision, the Office of Fair Trading ("OFT") accepted for the first time binding commitments following a Competition Act 1998 ("1998 Act") investigation. The investigation related to possible infringements of Chapter I and Chapter II of the 1998 Act. The commitments (...)

The French Competition Authority grants interim measures in the radio broadcasting rights market (GIE Sport libre, RMC info)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Radio broadcasting rights for the football World Cup : the Conseil de la concurrence issues an interim measure against GIE [1] Sport libre* Following a referral by the company RMC Info, in a decision dated (...)

Regulations

The Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission announces a new public consultation on the state of competition on the market for wholesale mobile wireless services
Steve Szentesi Law Corporation
Competition & Wireless: Want Your Say on Roaming, Wireless Regulation? CRTC Launches New Public Consultation* Earlier today, and close on the heels of the announcement of winners in the Government’s 700 MHz spectrum auction yesterday (see: here), the CRTC has announced that it is launching (...)

The Argentinean Supreme Court prevents the application of competition provisions of the new regulatory broadcasting framework that forces the country’s biggest media conglomerate to break up (Grupo Clarin)
Kim & Chang
Against the expectations of the government of Argentina, the Argentinean Supreme Court, agreed to the request of the biggest Argentinean media conglomerate, Grupo Clarín, and extended on 27 December 2012 an injunction which suspended the adjustment obligation established under Section 161 of the (...)

The French Competition Authority publishes an opinion on the inclusion of so-called ’historical’ additional costs in the equalisation system between press distribution services
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Autorité de la concurrence has published an opinion on the inclusion of so-called ’historical’ additional costs in the equalisation system between press distribution services. The Autorité is not in favour of (...)

The French Competition Authority issues an opinion on the single-issue press distribution sector assessing the various systems for untwining the supply chain
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Upon request from the government, the Autorité de la concurrence assesses the compatibility with competition regulations of the various systems envisaged by players in the sector to untwine press transport (...)

The French Competition Authority issues an opinion on TV content access exclusivity offers by Internet service providers
French Competition Authority (Paris)
TV content access exclusivity offers by Internet service providers: The Autorité de la concurrence states its position*. Exclusive access must remain an exceptional solution, strictly limited in time and scope. Auto-distribution appears to be a satisfactory balancing solution, to the benefit (...)

The UK OFT reviews the national newspapers code of practice
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 22 October 2008, the UK Office of Fair Trading (“OFT”) issued three publications setting out its analysis of competition in newspaper and magazine distribution in the UK. These publications comprise (i) an opinion providing competition law guidance on the legality of newspaper and magazine (...)

The French Competition Authority issues an opinion on the marketing of sporting events broadcasting rights
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Marketing of sporting events broadcasting rights: The Conseil is not in favour of a five year extension of rights purchasing contracts.* Following a malfunction in the operating of the take over bid for the (...)

The French Competition Authority delivers a favourable opinion concerning the draft decree on the sale of broadcasting rights for sporting competitions (Minister of Economy)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. The Conseil de la concurrence delivers a favourable opinion concerning the draft decree on the sale of broadcasting rights for sporting competitions.* Asked by the Minister of Economy to issue an opinion on a (...)

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