Energy & State aid

State Aids

EU Advocate General Szpunar submits that taxing only fissionable nuclear materials used for the production of electricity does not constitute State aid (Kernkraftwerke Lippe-Ems / Hauptzollamt Osnabrück)
University of Bristol - Law School
AG Szpunar submits that German nuclear taxes are not State aid, but his reasoning is totally unimaginative (C-5/14)* In its Opinion in Kernkraftwerke Lippe-Ems, C-5/14, EU:C:2015:51 (not available in English), AG Spuznar has submitted to the CJEU that a German tax on fissionable nuclear (...)

The European Commission accepts a nuclear power station funding scheme after getting the State to renegociate the terms of the contract (Hinkley Point C)
University of Sussex
State Aid for Nuclear Power: No Thanks! Maybe? Yes Please!* The Commission’s decision on the Hinkley Point C nuclear power station of 8th October 2014 and what this might mean for the approach to nuclear energy... In 2014, the European Commission adopted new Guidelines on State aid for (...)

The German Government releases a ministerial draft containing grandfathering clauses and providing for a special equalisation scheme for energy intensive companies
Bird & Bird (Dusseldorf)
EEG 2.0: Ministerial Draft on Special Equalisation Scheme for EEG Surcharge Regime for Energy-intensive Companies* A ministerial draft (Referentenentwurf) for the special equalisation scheme for energy intensive companies has been released. The special equalization scheme (besondere (...)

The EU General Court rules on the matter of power purchase agreements entailing effects of foreclosure that limited the scope for eligible customers to switch to the free market (Dunamenti / Tisza)
College of Europe (Bruges)
Article published on Lexxion State Aid Blog Market Operator in Electricity Distribution: Long-term Purchasing Agreements Must Balance Risks and Rewards* Main points A market operator accepts to be bound in long-term contracts, which entail more risk because market conditions may change, (...)

The EU Commission adopts new State aid guidelines now encompassing the application of State aid to energy infrastructure in the European Union
King’s College (London)
New Guidelines for State Aid to Energy Infrastructure – A Helpful Move Toward Europe 2020?* 1 Introduction On April 9, 2014, the European Commission adopted in principle new State aid guidelines, which will now encompass the application of State aid to energy infrastructure within the (...)

The European Commission releases its state aid guidelines for assessing public support projects allowing reductions for limited number of energy intensive sectors for the period 2014 to 2020
Bird & Bird (Dusseldorf)
New European Guidelines on State Aid for Environmental Protection and Energy 2014-2020 Allow Burden Reduction for Energy Intensive Sectors* The European Commission has released on 9 April 2014 its state aid guidelines for assessing public support projects in the field of energy and the (...)

The German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control publishes information regarding the reduction of the surcharge promoting renewable energy sources for energy-intensive companies and rail operators
Bird & Bird (Dusseldorf)
BAFA Publishes Figures on Reduction of EEG Surcharge for Energy Intensive Companies* The Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA) has published information regarding the reduction of the surcharge promoting renewable energy sources in Germany (“EEG-surcharge”) for energy-intensive (...)

The EU Court of Justice interprets the concept of intervention through state resources and finds that the offset of additional costs arising from the obligation to purchase green electricity constituted state intervention (Vent de Colère)
College of Europe (Bruges)
Article published on Lexxion State Aid Blog The Non-Equivalence of the Various Methods of Supporting Green Electricity* Introduction Ever since the judgment of the Court of Justice in 2001 on PreussenElektra [case C-379/98], Member States have been grappling with the question of how to (...)

The EU Court of Justice rules that a mechanism for offsetting in full the additional costs imposed on undertakings because of an obligation to purchase wind-generated electricity at a price higher than the market price is imputable to the state (Association Vent De Colère / Ministre de l’Écologie)
University of Bristol - Law School
CJEU follows AG Jääskinen in revisiting PreussenElektra and minimising Doux Elevages’ requirements for State imputability of aid measures (C-262/12)* In its Judgment of 19 December 2013 in case C-262/12 Vent De Colère and Others, the Court of Justice of the EU has largely followed AG Jääskinen’s (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation on the compatibility of the reduction granted to energy-intensive companies on the surcharge promoting renewable sources in Germany (EEG Surcharge)
Bird & Bird (Dusseldorf)
Commission Opens State Aid Investigation into German Renewables Surcharge Reduction for Energy-intensive Companies and Green Electricity Privilege* As previously expected, the European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to examine whether the reduction granted to energy-intensive (...)

The EU General Court finds that an authorisation agreement on the mining fees payable for the exploitation of hydrocarbon reserves does not constitute State aid incompatible with the internal market (MOL)
University of Bristol - Law School
GC rules on two-part State aid measures and selectivity under Art 107(1) TFEU (T-499/10)* In its Judgment of 12 November 2013 in case T-499/10 MOL v Commission, the General Court has found that an authorisation agreement that froze the mining fees payable for the exploitation of hydrocarbon (...)

The EU Commission announces that the nuclear industry won’t be included in its draft guidelines on environmental and energy
Baker McKenzie (Brussels)
Still in primary containment: the European Commission’s approach to State aid in the nuclear industry* On 8 October 2013, it was announced that the nuclear industry would not be included in the European Commission’s draft Guidelines on environmental and energy aid for 2014-2020 as anticipated. (...)

The European Commission re-examines a previously compatible State aid scheme in the light of the 2005 and 2012 SGEI packages (ESB of Ireland)
College of Europe (Bruges)
Sale of Public Assets, SGEI and Electricity Levies* Main points Revenue from levies on electricity users is most likely to constitute State resources. Public service obligations can be transferred from one electricity-generating company to another. Compensation for public service obligations (...)

The EU General Court upholds the Commission decision on the incompatibility of a state aid granted for the acquisition of a new power plant (Fri-El Acerra)
College of Europe (Bruges)
Article published on Lexxion State Aid Blog. New Case Law on Incentive Effect, “Private Borrower”, Advantage, Compensation, SGEI and Market Failure* Introduction The posting reviews three recent rulings of the General Court. They are significant because they introduce substantial nuances in (...)

The European Commission approves a state aid for the expansion of a gas storage facility that could enable the entry of more gas suppliers on the Polish market (PGNiG)
College of Europe (Bruges)
Article published on Lexxion State Aid Blog. How to Use Economic Tools to Ensure the Proportionality of Aid (Commission Decision SA.34938 on a gas storage facility in Poland)* Introduction Normally, economic analysis is used by the Commission to find out whether a measure confers an abnormal (...)

The EU Commission initiates formal investigation of the German exemption from network charges for large electricity consumers
Bird & Bird (Dusseldorf)
Commission Opens In-depth Inquiry into Potential State Aid for Large Electricity Consumers Exempted from Grid Charges in Germany* The Commission opened an in-depth investigation to find out whether exemptions for large electricity consumers from network charges granted in Germany since 2011 (...)

The European Commission opens formal state aid investigation into the German exemption of large electricity consumers from network charges
Herbert Smith Freehills (Brussels)
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The EU Law Firm
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Herbert Smith Freehills (London)
On 6 March 2013, the European Commission (’the Commission’) decided to investigate in-depth the German exemption of large electricity consumers from network charges, as it was concerned that the exemption may involve State aid. In Germany, network charges are established by network operators and (...)

The EU Court of Justice reaffirms the objective character of the notion of state aid finding that the private investor test remains applicable even in cases where the means employed by the state are not available to a private investor (EDF)
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
The EDF judgment of the CJEU in case C-124/10 P: towards a public investor test in EU State aid law?* On the 5th of June 2012, the Court of Justice of the EU (hereafter ‘CJEU’) delivered an important judgment in the field of European State aid law on the very notion of State aid and the (...)

The EU Commission adopts a framework under which Member states may compensate certain electro-intensive users for part of the higher electricity costs expected to result from a tightening of the ETS
Bird & Bird (Dusseldorf)
European Commission: State Aid Rules for ETS Post 2012 Electricity Costs and for CCS Ready Power Plants* The European Commission has adopted a framework under which Member states may compensate certain electro-intensive users for part of the higher electricity costs expected to result from a (...)

The EU Commission issues guidelines on state aid for emission trading
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 22 May 2012, the European Commission published its long-awaited Communication setting out guidelines on certain state aid measures in the context of the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading scheme (“ETS”) post-2012. The Communication allows national support to companies in a (...)

The European Commission concludes that the unlimited State guarantee granted to a French research body constitutes compatible State aid as long as the its economic activities are conducted solely on an ancillary basis and are connected with its main activity (Institut Français du Pétrole)
University Luiss Guido Carli - GRIF (Rome)
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European Commission - DG COMP
"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31  August 2011"* By decision of 29 June 2011 the Commission concluded that the unlimited State guarantee granted to the Institut Français du Pétrole Énergies Nouvelles (IFP) constitutes compatible State aid as long as the IFP’s economic (...)

The European Commission rejects a specific provision of the revised Austrian "Green Electricity Act" that would have provided energy-intensive businesses with a partial exemption from buying green electricity (Ökostromgesetznovelle 2008)
European Commission - DG COMP
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European Commission - DG COMP
State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* After an in-depth investigation opened in 2009, on 8 March the Commission rejected a specific provision of the revised Green Electricity Act of Austria (Ökostromgesetznovelle 2008) that would have provided energy-intensive (...)

The European Commission authorises France to provide a €26 M direct grant for the construction of a district heating network in the North-East of Paris (CPCU)
European Commission - DG COMP
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European Commission - DG COMP
State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 26 January, the Commission authorised France to provide a €26 million direct grant for the construction of a district heating network in the North-East of Paris. The aid beneficiary is CPCU, a subsidiary of GDF Suez and the (...)

The European Commission authorises France to provide a €25.3 M grant for the construction of a heat boiler using a renewable energy source in the Alsace region (Roquette Frères. Electricité de Strasbourg, Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations)
European Commission - DG COMP
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European Commission - DG COMP
State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 12 January, the Commission authorised France to provide a €25.3 million grant for the construction of a heat boiler using a renewable energy source (geothermal energy) in Beinheim, the Alsace region. The project also involves (...)

The European Court of Justice endorses the “single economic unit” reasoning of the Commission in a decision concerning State aid intended to grant reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (AceaElectrabel)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
In a judgment of 16 December 2010, the European Court of Justice (“ECJ”) dismissed an appeal brought by AceaElectrabel Produzione SpA (“AEP”) against a judgment of the General Court upholding a Commission decision concerning State aid that Italy intended to grant for the reduction of greenhouse gas (...)

The European Commission approves State aid scheme notified by the Swedish authorities to support R&D project (Gothenburg Biofuels Gasification)
European Commission - DG COMP
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Hogan Lovells (Madrid)
State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 14 December 2010 the Commission authorised the support that Sweden intends to grant to the Gothenburg Biofuels Gasification (GoBiGas) research and development (R&D) project to develop a pre commercial demonstration (...)

The EU Ministers meeting within the Competitiveness Council adopts a new coal regulation enabling Member States to grant State aid to facilitate the closure of uncompetitive mines until 2018
Bird & Bird (Dusseldorf)
EU Competitveness Council Extends State Aid for Loss-making Coal Mines Until 2018* EU Ministers meeting within the Competitiveness Council on 10 December 2010 adopted a new coal regulation enabling Member States to grant State aid to facilitate the closure of uncompetitive mines until 2018, (...)

The European Commission authorises the Netherlands to provide a € 150 M grant for a CO2 capture and storage (CCS) demonstration project to a joint venture between two energy companies (E.ON and GDF Suez)
European Commission - DG COMP
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Hogan Lovells (Madrid)
State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* By its decision of 27 October 2010 the Commission authorised The Netherlands to provide a € 150 million grant for a CO2 capture and storage (CCS) demonstration project to a joint venture between E.ON and GDF Suez. The joint (...)

The European Commission authorises the compensation which Spain intends to grant to electricity generators to meet the costs of fulfilling a public service obligation (Preferential dispatch of indigenous coal plants)
European Commission - DG COMP
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Hogan Lovells (Madrid)
State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 29 September 2010 the Commission authorised the compensation which Spain intends to grant to electricity generators to meet the costs of fulfilling a public service obligation, namely producing specific volumes of (...)

The European Commission finds against planned regional subsidy to Italian energy company (Fri-el Acerra)
European Commission - DG COMP
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Hogan Lovells (Madrid)
State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 15 September 2010 the Commission decided that the regional investment aid of € 19.5 million that Italy intended to grant towards the takeover and conversion, by Fri el Acerra S.r.l, of a closed thermoelectric power plant (...)

The European Commission approves € 8.5 M of regional investment aid to a Spanish company for the production of solar wafers (Silicio Solar SAU)
European Commission - DG COMP
"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2010"* On 20 July 2010, the Commission has also authorised €8.5 million of regional investment aid to the Spanish company Silicio Solar SAU for the production of solar wafers in Puertollano, Ciudad Real (Castilla-La–Mancha). The project (...)

The European Commission authorizes aid that Latvia intends to grant by way of tender for the construction and operation of a 400 MW thermal power plant
European Commission - DG COMP
"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has authorised aid that Latvia intends to grant by way of tender for the construction and operation of a 400 MW thermal power plant between 2015 and 2025. The aim of the measure is to ensure that future (...)

The European Commission authorizes an aid scheme to compensate power generators for certain costs resulting from the termination of long-term power purchase agreements (PPAs) in Hungary
European Commission - DG COMP
"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has authorised an aid scheme to compensate power generators for certain costs resulting from the termination of long-term power purchase agreements (PPAs) in Hungary. The aim of the Hungarian scheme is to (...)

The European Commission authorizes Germany to grant € 19.1 M for an energy-saving steel production project run by a subsidiary of a steel producer (Salzgitter Flachstahl, Salzgitter group)
European Commission - DG COMP
"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has authorised Germany to grant €19.1 million for an energy-saving steel production project run by Salzgitter Flachstahl GmbH, a subsidiary of the Salzgitter AG group. The aid will allow Salzgitter to produce (...)

The European Commission authorizes Austria to grant € 16 M towards an energy-saving project for the combined production of electricity and heat (Verbund-Austrian Thermal Power, Verbund group)
European Commission - DG COMP
"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has authorised Austria to grant €16 million towards an energy-saving project run by Verbund-Austrian Thermal Power GmbH & Co. KG (a subsidiary of the Verbund group) for the combined production of electricity (...)

The European Commission takes a negative decision in a case on State aid concerning preferential electricity tariffs for energy-intensive users (Alcoa)
European Commission - DG COMP
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European Commission - DG COMP
Commission takes negative decision in the Alcoa case I. Introduction Between 2007 and 2009, the Commission had to take decisions in a number of State aid cases concerning preferential electricity tariffs for energy-intensive users. The Alcoacase, decided in November 2009, undoubtedly had the (...)

The European Commission holds that subsidised feed-in tariffs in Austria for producers of green electricity are in line with the requirements of the environmental State Aid guidelines (Aid to energy intensive businesses, Green Electricity Act)
European Commission - DG COMP
"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2009"* On 22 July 2009, the Commission authorised subsidised feed-in tariffs in Austria for producers of green electricity (i.e.electricity produced from environmentally-friendly sources). The measures are designed to accelerate and (...)

The European Commission adopts a final negative decision concerning an aid granted by Hungary to the national oil and gas company (MOL)
European Commission - DG COMP
"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2010"* On 9 June 2010 the Commission adopted a final negative decision concerning an aid granted by Hungary to the national oil and gas company MOL. In January 2009 the Commission had opened an in-depth investigation [1]. The measure (...)

The Dutch Council of State rules that were the execution of a project does not depend upon the financial support of the public authorities, it does not constitute a form of State aid (Cassini)
Hogan Lovells (Amsterdam)
Factual Background On 19 June 2007, Provincial Executive Noord-Holland approved a zoning plan drawn up by the Municipality of Heerhugowaard in which the development of a wind park to generate renewable energy was approved. The construction of this wind park required very substantial (...)

The Austrian Constitutional Court rules that the beneficiaries of unlawful aid cannot rely on a legitimat of expectations to resist the recovery (ÖkostromG)
Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (Munchen)
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PETER THYRI Competition Counseling Research
Factual Background The judgment concerns a review of the constitutionality of the Austrian Ökostromgesetz of 2002 (ÖkostromG) in an appeal over reimbursement of additional cost for CHP electricity production provided for in that law. Reimbursement is subject to a number of criteria under the (...)

The Romanian Competition Council approves a regional state aid scheme aimed at supporting environmentally friendly investments
European Security Transport Association (ESTA)
The Romanian Competition Council (the “Council”) has approved an investment scheme targeted at granting regional state aids for the promotion of clean, environmental friendly, technologies and for the production of energy using renewable resources. The Council has informed the European Commission (...)

The Dutch District Court holds that the reimbursement of stranded costs - qualified by the European Commission as State aid - is included in the scope of an earlier positive Commission decision (Nederlands Elektriciteit)
Hogan Lovells (Amsterdam)
Factual Background In 1989, four electricity producers decided to collaborate on a demonstration project for coal gasification. The company incorporated to implement the project was named Demkolec and was a subsidiary of N.V. SEP (SEP), which was jointly owned by the collaborating electricity (...)

The Greek Administrative Court of Appeal of Athens annuls a decision of the Regulatory Authority for Energy, finding that the alleged misapplication by the latter of national legislation pertaining to the costs to be incurred in connecting to the electricity transmission system amounted to State aid to the new system user (Public Power Corporation)
International Transport Forum
Parties: Appellant: Public Power Corporation S.A. Defendant: Greece (Minister of Development and Regulatory Authority for Energy) Background information: In 1999 Greece adopted Law 2773/1999 (the so-called Electricity Law), aligning its national legislation with Directive 96/92/EC concerning (...)

The Austrian Administrative Court refuses to open up the circle of State aid recipients to suppress the selective character of the measure and assumes a total blockage effect of the standstill obligation for past periods (Austrian Energy reimbursments)
Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (Munchen)
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PETER THYRI Competition Counseling Research
Factual Background The EAVG (in the applicable version) provided for a reimbursement of taxes levied on the consumption of electricity on two conditions: 1) Eligibility only of undertakings in the goods manufacturing sector; and 2) electricity consumption above a minimum threshold. From 1997 (...)

The European Commission endorsed a feed-in tariff for electricity from renewable sources under the Austrian Green Electricity Act
European Commission - DG COMP
"State aid in feed-in tariffs for green electricity"* Introduction On 7th July 2006 the Commission endorsed a feedin tariff for electricity from renewable sources under the Austrian Green Electricity Act. The case shows how the design of support schemes for green electricity and in particular (...)

The European Commission decides that the forfeiting financing for the construction of the waste-fuelled power station in Germany does not constitute State aid pursuant to Article 87(1) EC (MHKW Rothensee)
European Commission - DG ENER
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Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER) (Slovenia)
"Forfeiting financing and the construction of the waste-fuelled power station (Müllheizkraftwerk) MHKW Rothensee GmbH"* Overview On 22 March 2006, the Commission decided that the forfeiting financing for the construction of the waste-fuelled power station MHKW Rothensee does not constitute (...)

The European Commission adopts a partially negative decision on exemptions from the fuel excise tax for alumina production
European Commission - DG COMP
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Alstom (Paris)
"Exemptions from the fuel excise tax for alumina production"* On 7 December 2005, the European Commission adopted a partially negative decision on full exemptions from the excise tax on mineral oils used in the production of alumina in France, Ireland and Italy. The exemptions date from the (...)

The European Commission rules that the Dutch energy tax exemption for energy intensive end-users does not constitute a State aid
European Commission - DG COMP
"Energy taxation and state aid The Netherlands: energy tax exemption for energy intensive end-users"* In November 2003, the Dutch authorities notified a fiscal State aid measure called ‘Energy Tax Exemption for Energy Intensive End-users’.The Dutch regulatory energy tax is a tax on natural gas (...)

The French Administrative Supreme Court rejected the direct effect of Art. 88.3 EC in the case of future contracts (EDF/SNE)
Université Aix-Marseille
French Administrative Supreme Court (Conseil d’État), 11 June 2003, Electricité de France (“EDF”) - Société Nationale d’Electricité et de Thermique (“SNET”), Cases n° 240512 and 240520, Lebon Tables, pp. 702-703, 780, 794 Facts and proceedings Electricité de France (EDF) and the Société nationale (...)

The French administrative supreme Court refused to classify as State aid the financial conditions of the obligation to purchase wind power electricity considering these are not granted through State ressources (UNIDEN)
Schmitt Avocats
French Administrative Supreme Court (Conseil d’Etat), 21 March 2003, Union des Industries Utilisatrices d’Energie (UNIDEN), Case n° 237466 On the 10 February 2000, the French Parliament enacted an obligation to purchase electricity produced by installations of renewable energies not exceeding 12 (...)

The European Commission launches formal investigation procedure into restructuring aid in favour of British Electricty supplier (British Energy)
European Commission - DG COMP
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European Commission - DG COMP
"Commission launches formal investigation procedure into restructuring aid in favour of British Energy plc"* British Energy plc (BE) is one of the most important suppliers of electricity in the UK. It supplies about 20% of the electricity consumed in Great Britain, and accounts for 14% of the (...)

The European Commission raises no objections to German feed-in laws for electricity from renewable energy sources and combined heat and power
European Commission - DG COMP
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Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER) (Slovenia)
"Commission raises no objections to German feed-in laws for electricity from renewable energy sources and combined heat and power"* On 22 May 2002 the Commission decided that the German laws on the promotion of electricity from renewable energy sources and from combined heat and power (CHP) do (...)

The European Commission approves a support granted by the Irish government to national electricity company in compensation for an obligation to generate electricity out of peat (Electricity Supply Board)
European Commission - DG COMP
"Ireland – Commission approves a support granted by the Irish government to the Electricity Supply Board in compensation for an obligation to generate electricity out of peat"* The European Commission decided on 30 October to approve support granted by the Irish government to the Electricity (...)

The European Commission approves the extension of an aid scheme comprising measures notified by the Danish authorities in favor of companies with high energy consumption, and a high CO2 and energy tax burden
European Commission - DG COMP
"Denmark – Commission approves grants to large energy consumers"* On 6 June 2001 the Commission decided not to raise any objections to the extension of a scheme comprising measures in favour of companies with high energy consumption, and therefore a high CO2 and energy tax burden. A brief (...)

The European Commission partially authorizes State aid scheme notified by the UK authorities concerning reduction of CO2 emissions and opens a procedure under art. 88(2) of the EC Treaty (Climate Change Levy)
European Commission - DG COMP
"United Kingdom — Commission takes a decision on the Climate Change Levy (CCL). It authorizes several exemptions but opens the 88 (2) EC procedure on the exemption for dual use fuels"* The European Commission decided on 28 March 2001 not to raise objections to the main elements of the UK’s (...)

The European Commission rules that the enhanced capital allowances scheme notified by the UK authorities does not constitute State aid
European Commission - DG COMP
"United Kingdom — The Enhanced Capital Allowances scheme does not constitute State aid under article 87 (1) CE"* The Commission decided on 13 March 2001 not to raise objections to the UK Enhanced Capital Allowances scheme as the scheme does not constitute State aid under Article 87(1) EC. (...)

The European Commission closes investigation proceedings and limits the aid granted by the Dutch government in favor of the establishment of a process-integrated gas turbine (Nerefco-refinery)
European Commission - DG COMP
"The Netherlands. – The Commission closed investigation proceedings and limited the aid for the Process-integrated Gas Turbine at the Nerefco-refinery"* On March 30th 1999, the European Commission decided to close the investigation proceedings with regard to the Dutch proposal to grant aid to (...)

The European Commission does not approve illegal aid to chemical company granted by the German government and orders its recovery (Riedel-de Haën)
European Commission - DG COMP
"Germany - Commission does not approve illegal aid to the firm of the chemical sector Riedel-de Haën and asks for repayment"* The European Commission has not authorised state aid measures already granted by Germany to Riedel-de Haën on its investment in a residue processing plant. Germany (...)

The European Commission opens an art. 93 (2) proceeding concerning a Dutch aid proposal to support the construction of a process integrated gas turbine (NEREFCO refinery)
European Commission - DG COMP
"The Netherlands. The Commission decided to open the 93 (2) proceedings with regard to the Dutch aid proposal: ‘Process Integrated Gas Turbine at the NEREFCO refinery’"* The Commission has decided to investigate the proposal of the Dutch government to give aid of about ECU 6,7 million to support (...)

The European Commission approves a state aid scheme granted by Denmark in favor of the combined heat and power production
European Commission - DG COMP
"DENMARK. Measures in favour of centralised electricity generating plants"* The Commission approves state aid scheme in favour of the combined heat and power production. The Danish Government wants to introduce a purchase obligation for the electricity distribution companies to purchase heat (...)

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