November 2011

Anticompetitive practices

The Metropolitan Court of Budapest upholds the decision of Hungarian Competition Authority almost in its entirety in the “Baker cartel” case (Hungarian Baker Association)
Hungarian Competition Authority (Budapest)
The Hungarian Competition Authority (further on: GVH) initiated an investigation in 2007 against the Hungarian Baker Association (further on: Association) for alleged infringement of the prohibition of restrictive agreements. According to GVH‘s suspicions, the Association coordinated the price (...)

The Hellenic Competition Commission adopts a revised leniency programme (Leniency Programme)
European Commission (Brussels)
Greece: New Leniency Programme* On 23 November 2011, the new Greek Leniency Programme was published in the Official Journal of the Hellenic Republic. The new programme which is effective from the date of its publication was adopted by a Decision of the Board of the Hellenic Competition (...)

The Polish Competition Authority finds that delay in introducing mobile television service is a result of anticompetitive agreement (Polkomtel, PTK Centertel, PTC, and P4)
Hogan Lovells (Warsaw)
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Hogan Lovells (Warsaw)
The OCCP decision On 23 November 2011, the President of the Office of Competition and Consumer Protection («the OCCP») fined four mobile telecom operators (Polkomtel, PTK Centertel, PTC, and P4) for the exchange of information on the assessment of a commercial offer prepared by Info-TV-FM (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority imposes fines of almost €3 000 000 on ship generated waste collection cartel (Odfjell Terminals Maritiem, International Slop Disposal, Ships Waste Oil Collector)
European Commission (Brussels)
The Netherlands: Competition Authority (NMa) imposes Fines of almost € 3 000 000 on Ship- Generated Waste Collection Cartel* On 21 November 2011, the NMa imposed fines totalling more than € 2 900 000, on three ship-generated waste collection companies based in the Dutch ports of Rotterdam, (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority imposes fines on ship-generated waste collection cartel (Odfjell Terminals Maritiem, International Slop Disposal and Ships Waste Oil Collector)
European Commission (Brussels)
The Netherlands: Competition Authority imposes Fines of almost € 3 000 000 on Ship- Generated Waste Collection Cartel* On 21 November 2011, the NMa imposed fines totalling more than € 2 900 000, on three ship-generated waste collection companies based in the Dutch ports of Rotterdam, Schiedam, (...)

The Australian Federal Court in Sydney imposes fines on airline company for price fixing as part of a cartel (Korean Air Lines)
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission
Korean Air Lines penalised $5.5 million for price fixing cartel* The Federal Court in Sydney has penalised Korean Air Lines Co Ltd $5.5 million for price fixing as part of a cartel. The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission has pursued a number of international airlines for cartel (...)

The Romanian Competition Authority clarifies the rules on application of the national equivalent of Article 101 TFEU in a taxi cartel case (Usi, Taxi Galant, Stotax)
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 18 November 2011 the Romanian Competition Authority (CC) established that five taxi companies have conspired to set the uniform minimum tariff for the taxi transportation in the municipality of Baia Mare. The CC characterized the above action of the undertakings concerned as an (...)

The Competition Authority of Bosnia & Herzegovina finds no anticompetitive practices on the market for telecom interconnection services in the absence of the requisite anticompetitive object and effect (Crumb / Telekomunikacije Republike Srpske, Aneks)
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 17 November 2011 the Competition Authority of Bosnia & Herzegovina (KV) closed its investigation into the alleged existence of anticompetitive agreement between the incumbent telecom operator Telekomunikacije Republike Srpske a.d.(Telekom RS) and an independent provider of fixed (...)

An Italian administrative court upholds the Competition Authority granting of full immunity and fine reductions to participants in the cosmetic and health care products cartel under the leniency programme (Reckitt Benckiser)
Desogus Law Office (Cagliari)
On appeal on the Cartel of large retailers for cosmetics and health care products decision of the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) the Regional Administrative Tribunal of Latium (Tar Latium) examined full immunity and fine reductions granted to a number of cartelists pursuant to the ICA (...)

The Chinese National Development and Reform Commission imposes heavy fines on two pharmaceutical companies for monopoly pricing (Shuntong / Huaxin)
China Competition Bulletin (Beijing)
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China Competition Bulletin (Beijing)
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Institute of American Studies
The NDRC has imposed fines of almost CNY 7 million, confiscated illegal gains, and imposed a cease-and-desist order on two pharmaceutical companies for monopoly pricing. The decision is the first time that the NDRC has imposed significant penalties for a breach of the AML since the law (...)

The Hellenic Competition Commission issues opinion concerning distribution of infant milk
European Commission (Brussels)
Greece: Competition Commission issues Opinion concerning Distribution of Infant Milk* On 11 November 2011, the Hellenic Competition Commission (HCC) issued an opinion concerning the distribution of infant milk. In particular the HCC proposes the abrogation of paragraph 2 of Article 2 of the (...)

A US federal district court approves three settlements in a class action for price-fixing conspiracies in the concrete industry defining the case “a model for the nation” (Iowa Ready-Mix Concrete Antitrust Litigation)
Wolters Kluwer (Riverwoods)
What Do Model Antitrust Class Actions Look Like?* “[O]vercome with a rare and gargantuan sense of awe,” a federal district court judge in Sioux City, Iowa, has called a consolidated class action case arising from price fixing conspiracies in the concrete industry “a model for the nation.” The (...)

The UK OFT issues a statement of objections confirming the immunity for a company in the airline fuel surcharges cartel case (Virgin)
University of East Anglia - CCP (Norwich)
Article published on Centre for Competition Policy blog. If Virgin Gets to Keep Its Immunity, Who is Responsible for the Collapse of the BA Trial?* This week the Office of Fair Trading announced that Virgin Atlantic would keep its immunity in the Passenger Fuel Surcharges cartel case. This (...)

The Polish Competition Authority exempts a price fixing agreement in the tourism sector under Art. 8 of the Competition Act equivalent to Art. 101(3) TFUE for the first time (Association of Rafters)
Hogan Lovells (Warsaw)
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Hogan Lovells (Warsaw)
On 4 November 2011, the President of the Office for Competition and Consumers Protection (the "OCCP" or the "Office") issued a decision in which it discontinued proceedings against the Association of Rafters which fixed prices that tourists have to pay for services of its members. The (...)

The Romanian Competition Council submits for public consultation the commitments proposals drafted by three telecom distributors (Payzone, PayPoint Sercices and PayUp)
European Commission (Brussels)
Romania: Public Consultation on Commitments submitted by Orange Romania and its Distributors* On 2 November 2011, the public consultation launched by the Competition Council (RCC) on the commitments submitted by Orange Romania was closed. The commitments were offered in a case regarding an (...)

The German Government proposes new cartel act
Jones Day (Frankfurt)
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Jones Day (Dusseldorf)
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Jones Day (Frankfurt)
The German government has published a draft bill that will amend the German Act on Restraints of Competition (Gesetz gegen Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen, GWB). According to the draft, the government believes that current version of the GWB has proved itself effective in practice and only minor (...)

The German Federal High Court rules on damage claims by indirect purchasers and the passing-on defence in a cartel case (Carbonless paper cartel)
Allen & Overy (Hamburg)
On November 24, 2011 the German Federal High Court (Bundesgerichtshof) published its decision in the ORWI case. The claimant, a German savings bank, brought a claim for damages against a carbonless paper manufacturer, that were ceded to him by ORWI, a manufacturer of pre-printed forms. Claimant (...)

Unilateral Practices

The Belgian College of Competition Prosecutors recommends that interim measures in an abusive refusal to supply case (Dow Agro Science / Desclean)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 28 November 2011, the Belgian College of Competition Prosecutors submitted a reasoned report to the President of the Competition Council recommending that interim measures be taken against Dow Agro Science and Edialux for refusing to supply the chemical product sulfuryl fluoride to (...)

The EU General Court confirms the EU Commission’s decision to drop its antitrust investigation into manufacturers of ink-jet printers for alleged abuse of dominance (EFIM)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 24 November 2011, the General Court ("GC") handed down its judgment in EFIM v. Commission. In its ruling, the GC dismissed an action by the European Federation of Ink and Ink Cartridge Manufacturers (“EFIM”) against a previous 2009 European Commission decision to drop its antitrust (...)

The Swedish Market Court finds taxi traffic control companies’ additional fee for enhanced pre-ordering services abusive (Uppsala Taxi, Europark, Swedavia)
General Court of the European Union (Luxembourg)
On 23 November 2011, the Swedish Market Court handed down its judgment in Uppsala Taxi 100 000 AB (“Uppsala Taxi”) v. Europark Svenska Aktiebolag (“Europark”) and Swedavia AB (“Swedavia”). Uppsala Taxi brought proceedings against Europark and Swedavia (the “Defendants”) for an alleged abuse of a (...)

The Lithuanian Competition Council accepts commitments by distributors of TV channels (Viasat World and Viasat)
European Commission (Brussels)
Lithuania: Competition Council accepts Commitments by Viasat World Limited and Viasat AS in Distribution of TV Channels* On 22 November 2011, the Competition Council (CC) closed an investigation into a possible abuse of dominance by Viasat World Limited and Viasat AS (representative of Viasat (...)

The German Competition Authority deems the tendering process for the gas concession illegal and closes proceedings in view of the commitment to restart the tendering process (Markkleeberg)
Bird & Bird (Dusseldorf)
German Cartel Office Decision on Tendering Process for Gas Concession in Markkleeberg* After proceedings by the German Cartel Office that considered the tendering process for the gas concession in Markkleeberg near Leipzig in Saxony unlawful, a new tendering process will take place. The town (...)

The Turkish Competition Board rules that the tying arrangements on cartridges implemented by leading printers manufacturer does not constitute an abuse of dominant position (Xerox)
Erdem & Erdem
The Competition Board (the “Board”) decided that integrated circuit implementation in cartridges branded Xerox does not create an abuse of dominant position as stated in Article 6 of the Act No. 4054 on the Protection of Competition (the “Competition Act”) since this system does not prevent (...)

The Moldovan Competition Authority identifies anticompetitive actions of the public authorities in the international passenger transport market (AutoInterBus-Tur, Ministry of Transports and Road Infrastructure, Moldtrans-Tur, Eurolines Moldova)
University of Technology (Tallinn)
On 4 November 2011 the Moldovan Competition Authority (ANPC) held that the actions of the Ministry of Transports and Road Infrastructure (MTID) led to restriction of competition on the market for international passenger transport. The ANPC’s investigation commenced on 29 July 2010 following the (...)

The EU Commission accepts commitments offered by financial services company to abolish the licensing fees that banks pay for the use of US International Securities Identification Numbers (S&P)
Stanford University - Stanford Law School
European Commission makes Standard & Poor’s commitments legally binding* On 15 November 2011 the European Commission announced it has decided to make the commitments offered last May 2011 by Standard & Poor’s (“S&P”), to abolish the licensing fees that banks pay for the use of U.S. (...)

The European Commission makes legally binding commitments by a national numbering agency to abolish fees for use of US international securities identification numbers (Standard & Poor’s)
Liege Competition and Innovation Institute
The Rick Perry Syndrome* “Oops“, the Commission did it again… On November 15, 2011, in the S&P case, the Commission again closed abuse of dominance proceedings with an Article 9 decision. As already explained, Article 9 decisions have become the conventional procedure in Article 102 TFEU (...)

The Chinese National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) confirms investigation for abuse of dominance against two giant State-owned telecommunication operators (China Telecom, China Unicom)
King & Wood Mallesons (New York)
Earlier Rumor Confirmed: China Telecom and China Unicom under Antitrust Investigation* On November 9, 2011, an earlier rumor indicating that China Telecom is under antitrust investigation for alleged abuse of dominance in the broadband market was confirmed by the National Development and (...)

The Polish Competition Court confirms the NCA’s decision finding that the use of exclusive agreement clauses in distribution contracts can constitute an abuse of dominant position if it leads to entry foreclosure (SHiUZ - Animal Breeding and Insemination Centre)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
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University of Turin
On November 9th, 2011 the Warsaw District Court - the Court for Competition and Consumer Protection (SOKiK) rejected the petition for appeal from the decision by the Office for Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK) in which Stacja Hodowli i Unasieniania Zwierząt (SHiUZ -Animal Breeding and (...)

The Taiyuan Xinghualing District People’s Court hears a lawsuit on a possible abuse of dominance in the set up authorisation of train ticket outlets (Shanxi Joint Transport Group / Taiyuan Railway Bureau)
China Competition Bulletin (Beijing)
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China Competition Bulletin (Beijing)
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Institute of American Studies
On 7 November 2011, the Shanxi Joint Transport Group’s (Shanxi) lawsuit against the Taiyuan Railway Bureau for breaches of the AML and the Anti-Unfair Competition Law (AUCL) was heard at the Taiyuan Xinghualing District People’s Court. The Taiyuan Railway Bureau is authorised to approve the (...)

Mergers

The Italian Competition Authority opens an investigation to assess whether the dominant positions held by a leading airline at the moment of a 2008 merger operation on certain national routes still exist and, if so, how they should be eliminated (Alitalia/CAI bis)
Bonelli Erede Pappalardo (Rome)
After three years since the approval of the merger operation through which Compagnia Aerea Italiana (CAI) acquired the operating assets of Alitalia Linee Aeree Italiane S.p.A.(Alitalia)as well as AirOne - Alitalia‘s main national competitor - the Italian Competition Authority (the “ICA”) opened (...)

The UK CC clears merger in the multilateral trading facilities sector concluding that sponsored entry’s strong threat would disincentive the merged firm to raise prices (BATS/Chi-X)
Compass Lexecon (London)
Sponsored Entry* Some mergers materially reduce the choice of suppliers available to customers. When this happens, how much weight should competition authorities give to the potential for customers to sponsor new entry? Two recent cases investigated by the UK Competition Commission (CC) (...)

The UK Court of Appeal stays the OFT’s investigation of minority interest between two airlines companies, while the EU Commission reviews the economic importance of minority shareholdings (Ryanair/Aer Lingus)
As the European Commission reported its intention to review the economic importance of minority shareholdings in early November this year, the case of Ryanair and Aer Lingus continued its rollercoaster ride of competition authority and court decisions relating to Ryanair’s 29.8% minority (...)

The US DoJ imposes divestiture of US operations before clearing a merger in the highly concentrated markets for point-of-sale terminals tailored for small and large retail stores (VeriFone / Hypercom)
King & Spalding
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King & Spalding (Washington)
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King & Spalding (Washington)
The Department of Justice (DOJ) filed two civil antitrust lawsuits, challenging, on May 10, the consummated merger between George’s Inc. and Tyson Foods and, on May 12, the proposed acquisition by Verifone Systems, Inc. of Hypercom Corp. Neither transaction was subject to the pre-merger (...)

The US DoJ requires divestiture of the entire US business, but to a different buyer than the one proposed by the parties, before approving a merger in the market for point-of-sale terminals in retail stores (VeriFone / Hypercom)
Jones Day (Sillicon Valley)
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Jones Day (Washington)
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Jones Day (Sillicon Valley)
In any transaction involving the combination of two or more competitors, M&A lawyers should consider whether antitrust issues may impact the deal, and how they can be addressed in the merger agreement. Most of the transactions closely scrutinized by the U.S. antitrust authorities are (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority conditionally clears the merger of the two largest cinema chains subject to divesture of twelve cinemas and notification of ticket prices (AFM/Mars)
University of Sussex
This study analyses the decision of the Turkish Competition Authority (TCA) in which it has cleared the merger of the two largest cinema chains in Turkey in Phase II conditional upon the divesture of twelve cinemas and notification of average ticket prices for a period of five years, which were (...)

The Chinese MOFCOM conditionally publishes a conditional approval of a transaction in the coal sector under Anti-Monopoly Law (Shenhua JV)
Jones Day (Beijing)
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Gibson Dunn (Hong Kong)
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Jones Day (Beijing)
The Chinese Ministry of Commerce ("MOFCOM") has published a conditional approval of proposed transaction under China’s Anti-Monopoly Law ("AML"). This decision reflects China’s view of the broad reach of the AML’s merger provisions and the lengthy procedure that merging parties can expect. (...)

The US District Court for the District of Columbia blocks a merger in the digital do-it-yourself tax preparation software industry providing insights on evidence to use on S. 7 challenge (H&R Block / TaxAct)
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (New York)
United States v. H&R Block: The DOJ Invokes Brown Shoe to Shed the Oracle Albatross* On November 10, 2011, the U.S. Department of Justice won its first fully litigated merger challenge since its 2004 defeat in United States v. Oracle Corp. In the interim, the Federal Trade Commission had (...)

The US District Court for the District of Columbia grants DoJ request to enjoin a merger between two digital do-it-yourself tax preparation software providers (H&R Block / TaxAct)
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (New York)
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Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (New York)
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Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (Palo Alto)
This article has been nominated by the Business Steering Committee for the business category, mergers section of the 2012 Antitrust Writing Awards. Click here to learn more about the Antitrust Writing Awards. On October 31, 2011, the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia is sued (...)

A US district court stops a merger between two digital do-it-yourself tax preparation software providers as the proposed combination would have likely led to a lessening of competition in the relevant market (H&R Block / TaxAct)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
DOJ prevents H&R block acquisition as epic battle with AT&T looms* In what may be one of the more ironic uses of taxpayer-funded litigation, the DOJ scored an important victory by preventing tax-prep software company H&R Block’s acquisition of its competitor - TaxAct. U.S. District (...)

The Chinese MOFCOM conditionally clears a joint venture involving a Chinese State-owned company in order to license coal-water slurry gasification technology (GE / Shenhua)
King & Wood Mallesons (New York)
MOFCOM Imposed Conditions on SOEs - GE/Shenhua Deal* Only 10 days after its conditional clearance of the Alpha V/Savio deal, the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) published, on 10 November 2011, the third conditional merger clearance of this year approving the proposed joint venture between (...)

A US federal district court prohibits proposed combination of tax software makers as it violates S. 7 of the Clayton Act (H&R Block / TaxAct)
Wolters Kluwer (Riverwoods)
Proposed Combination of Tax Software Makers Violates Section 7 of the Clayton Act* The federal district court in Washington, D.C. yesterday released its Memorandum Opinion explaining its October 31 order enjoining H&R Block, Inc.’s proposed acquisition of 2SS Holdings, Inc.—the maker of (...)

The European National Competition Authorities agree best practices on cooperation in merger review
European Commission (Brussels)
EU Competition Authorities: EU National Competition Authorities agree Best Practices on Cooperation in Merger Review* On 9 November 2011, the Heads of European national competition authorities (NCAs) and the European Commission agreed a set of best practices which aim to foster cooperation and (...)

The EU Commission and the European National Competition Authorities agree on best practices concerning cross-border mergers
University of Berkeley
EU and European National Competition Authorities agree on best practices concerning cross-border mergers* The European National Competition Authorities ("NCAs") and the European Commission have agreed on “Best Practices on Cooperation between EU National Competition Authorities in Merger (...)

The US DoJ requires divestiture of a processing plant in exchange for settling the investigation of a merger in the chicken processing industry (George’s Foods / Tyson Foods)
King & Spalding
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King & Spalding (Washington)
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King & Spalding (Washington)
The Department of Justice (DOJ) filed two civil antitrust lawsuits, challenging, on May 10, the consummated merger between George’s Inc. and Tyson Foods and, on May 12, the proposed acquisition by Verifone Systems, Inc. of Hypercom Corp. Neither transaction was subject to the pre-merger (...)

State Aid

The European Court of Justice holds that Italy failed to comply with the Commission’s State aid decision addressing the issue of the status of protocol on internal market and competition (Commission / Italy)
Den Haag, Asser Institute
“Thanks Nicolas Sarkozy, but no thanks.” CJEU rules on status of Protocol on Internal Market and Competition* When the EU leaders agreed on the final version of the Lisbon Treaty, one particular amendment caused turmoil in the European competition law community. The Lisbon Treaty repealed the (...)

The EU Court of Justice rules that the General Court has erred in annulling the Commission decision qualifying a proposed tax reform as a state aid scheme (Government of Gibraltar)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 15 November 2011, the European Court of Justice (“ECJ”) ruled that the General Court had erred in annulling the Commission decision qualifying Gibraltar’s proposed tax reform as a state aid scheme. The new corporate tax regime that the Government of Gibraltar intended to adopt was (...)

The EU Commission finds that the state aid granted under the form of a fiscal measure implemented in breach of the standstill provision was compatible with the internal market (Hungarian Sport Donations)
College of Europe (Bruges)
Article published on Lexxion State Aid Blog Fiscal Leveraging: Donations and State Aid for Culture and Sports* Introduction In this blog I examine primarily a Dutch measure that supports cultural institutions by providing tax incentives to individuals and corporations to make donations to (...)

The EU General Court orders the EU Commission to pay damages to a third party in State aid proceedings, for disclosing its name and detrimental information relating to it (Idromacchine)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
The General Court has ordered the European Commission to pay damages to Idromacchine Srl (“Idromacchine”), a third party in state aid proceedings, for disclosing its name and detrimental information relating to it in a Commission decision that was published in the Official Journal. In (...)

Procedures

The Brazilian President approves the new competition law introducing substantive reforms to the national antitrust enforcement
Mundie e Advogados (Brasilia)
IN LINE WITH THE INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION BEST PRACTICES? The New Competition Law in Brazil* Starting on May 29, 2012, the most substantive reform of Brazil’s antitrust enforcement since the current framework was established in 1994 will enter into force. But is Law No. 12,529/11 (“the New (...)

The Austrian Competition Authority publishes revised manual on leniency (Manual on Leniency)
European Commission (Brussels)
Austria: The Federal Competition Authority publishes Revised Manual on Leniency* On 24 November 2011, the Federal Competition Authority (FCA) published a revised manual on the conduct of proceedings before the FCA concerning Section 11 of the Austrian Competition Act which provides the legal (...)

The European Commission publishes brochure on compliance with EU competition rules
European Commission (Brussels)
European Commission publishes Brochure on Compliance with EU Competition Rules* On 24 November 2011, the Commission published a brochure on compliance with EU competition rules. The brochure entitled “Compliance matters” encourages companies to comply with EU competition rules. It summarises the (...)

The European Commission adopts new proposals on credit rating agencies featuring competition-related remedies
Liege Competition and Innovation Institute
There’s no way, but the hard way* The Commission’s Draft Proposal for a New Regulation on Credit Rating Agencies (“CRAs”) is just out. It enshrines a whole host of competition-related remedies (see text at the end of this post). Amongst the proposals on the table: • A limitation of the (...)

The Austrian Supreme Court confirms the legality of a request for a warrant to search the premises of breweries suspected to have participated in a cartel (Brauereikartell)
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
1. Introduction By order of 9 November 2011 in Case 16 Ok 5/11, the Austrian Supreme Court (acting as the highest appellate court in competition matters; Oberster Gerichtshof als Rekursgericht in Kartellrechtssachen) confirmed the first instance decision of the Vienna Cartel Court (...)

The Paris Commercial Court allows the production of documents that are necessary for the rights of defence (Outremer Telecom, Orange Caraïbe, France Télécom)
Background On 9 December 2009 the French Competition Authority fined Orange Caraïbe and France Telecom in the amount of EUR 63 million for having abused their dominant position on the market of mobile telephony or fixed telephony in French Caribbean. This decision was partially overturned from (...)

The French Civil Supreme Court confirms that the same panel of judges cannot assess both the lawfulness of court orders authorizing the search of premises and seizure of documents and the legitimacy of the French Competition Authority decision, without infringing the right to a fair trial under art. 6 of the ECHR (Colas Rail)
University College London
On November 2, 2011, the French Court of Cassation found that the Court of Appeal of Paris committed an error of law and infringed Article 6 of the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR). One more time, the transitory provisions adopted by the French legislator to respect the European Court (...)

Regulatory

The European Commission halts the artificial inflation of “Mobile Termination Rates” (MTR) by Polish telecom regulator (Aero2)
Sidley Austin (Brussels)
EU Commission halts the artificial inflation of “Mobile Termination Rates” (MTR) by Polish telecom regulator* In its letter to the Polish telecom regulator (“UKE”) sent on November 21, 2011 the European Commission objected to the increase of the MTR for one of the mobile operators - Aero2 and (...)

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