Laurence Idot

University Paris II Panthéon‑Assas
Professor

Laurence Idot, (DES Private law, 1974, DES, European law, 1975, IEP Paris, 1975, Docteur en droit, 1981), after her doctoral thesis (“The control of restrictive business practices in international trade”, Paris II) became full professor in 1982. In 1993, she joined the Center of EC law of the University Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, where she taught EU competition law mainly for post-graduate students. Since 2007, she is a member of the Paris College of European Law of the University Paris II Panthéon-Assas, and co-director of the Master Degree of European Law. She is also co-director and co-founder of the monthly review Europe (Lexisnexis, since1991), director of the scientific committee of the review Concurrences (2004) and Honorary President of the French Section of International League of Competition Law (AFEC). Laurence Idot has extensively written on EU law and competition law (articles and books). These last ten years, she has devoted quite a few articles as well as a book (Bruylant, 2004) to European Competition Reform. She was appointed as a member of the College of the French Competition Authority (Autorité de la concurrence) in 2009 and renewed in 2014.

Linked authors

Avocat au barreau de Paris
Sheppard Mullin (Brussels)
BDGS Associés (Paris)
DGCCRF (Paris)
Conseil de l’Union europeenne
Université Aix-Marseille
Deroux consultant

Conferences

Articles

3603 Bulletin

Bernard Amory, Catherine Prieto, Céline Gauer, Christophe Lemaire, Francesca Marchini Càmia, Jean-Christophe Roda, Laurence Idot, Marie-Barde Girard Les politiques de clémence en Europe

3603

NB 1: Leniency programs are now a well established and efficient policies through Europe, both at the EU level and at the national levels. In this sery of 5 articles, EU and national policy officers, academics and practionners give various points of view on the use of lenieny programs in the EU (...)

180404 Review

Eric Barbier de la Serre, José María Marín-Quemada, Laurence Idot Competition authorities: Towards more independence and prioritisation? (New Frontiers of Antitrust - Paris, 26 June 2017)

64

Independence and transparency go hand by hand and are of the utmost importance for competition authorities. Transparency is a safeguard for independence. Competition authorities must be independent by definition regarding both the public and the private sector. Total independence should be (...)

Alex Petrasincu, Cristoforo Osti, Florian Wagner-von Papp, Frank Kroes, Laurence Idot Disclosure of evidence included in the file of a competition authority (Implementation of the EU Damages Directive into Member State law - Würzburg, May 5, 2017)

103

The disclosure provisions of the EU Damages Directive allow national courts to order competition authorities to disclose certain documents and information in damages proceedings. In addition, private parties can also be ordered to disclose certain evidence that they have obtained through access (...)

Cristoforo Osti, Florian Bien, Florian Wagner-von Papp, Frank Kroes, Laurence Idot Private damages actions before and after the implementation of the Directive (Implementation of the EU Damages Directive into Member State law - Würzburg, May 5, 2017)

202

The majority of Member States have implemented the European Directive on Private Damages Actions for Breach of Competition Law, into their respective law, albeit with some delay. In particular, England, Germany, and the Netherlands, but also France and Italy have faced a certain number of (...)

Florian Wagner-von Papp, Frank Kroes, Jochen Bernhard, Laurence Idot, Marcella Negri Disclosure of documents that lie in the control of the parties (Implementation of the EU Damages Directive into Member State law - Würzburg, May 5, 2017)

320

Article 5 of the Damages Directive requires Member States to enable courts to order disclosure of evidence under certain qualifying conditions, while protecting the rights of parties and third parties, in particular confidential information. This is an area in which common law jurisdictions and (...)

Allen Grunes, Lauren Leblond, Laurence Idot, Maurice E. Stucke, Nicolas Petit, Thomas Cheng Kin-Hon Search engines (Competition law enforcement in the digital sector - Nanterre, 17 November 2016)

321

Case 1 was dedicated to the practices of search engines in the scope of Chinese, American and European laws. An economist has also shared his point of view on the matter. 1. Rant est un moteur de recherche particulièrement efficace, présent dans tous les pays du monde. Sur le marché de la (...)

Jith Jayaratne, Laurence Idot, Wei Tan Cross Border Merger Controls and Notifications in the Asean Context (ASEAN Antitrust: The Future of Competition Law and Policy in the ASEAN Countries, Singapore, 24 April 2015)

206

The conference that took place in Singapore on the 23rd of April 2015 dealt with the future of competition law and policy in the ASEAN countries. The speakers of this panel mainly discuss three topics: the economic context of mergers in Indonesia and Singapore; convergence and differences on (...)

Laurence Idot Reform of Regulation 1/2003: Power to set enforcement priorities

426

According to the Commission’s report for the 10th anniversary of Regulation 1/2003, “there is a need for further convergence on the ability of the authorities to set priorities in the exercise of their tasks”. The position of the author, based upon the French experience, is more nuanced. Priority (...)

Laurence Idot Introductory remarks: Is the distinction between public and private law relevant in competition law? (Dimensions of public sphere in competition law, Caen, 3 October 2014)

627

The distinction between public law and private law is overestimated in France. In this presentation made to introduce a colloquium on the public aspects of competition law, the author argues that the distinction has no real use in competition law. 1. Ce thème, qui peut paraître quelque peu (...)

Frédéric Jenny, Laurence Idot, Nicolas Charbit Concurrences: Ten years and a question

541

En septembre 2004, Concurrences était un projet. Dix ans après, en septembre 2014, Concurrences est encore un projet, mais un projet en permanente évolution. A l’occasion des 10 ans, le souhait des fondateurs a été, non pas tant de célébrer un anniversaire, exercice par trop narcissique, mais de (...)

Laurence Idot The State Aid Modernization

635

Launched on 8 May 2012, the State Aid Modernization (SAM), which was sought by Commissioner Almunia and will mark his mandate, has almost been completed. Many texts, including the new GBER were adopted at the beginning of the summer. Only one notice on the concept of state aid is still (...)

Caroline Naômé, Jacques Steenbergen, Laurence Idot Interplay between public and private enforcement: Uniform implementation of EU competition law and the principle of ne bis in idem (10 ans d’application du règlement 1/2003 et de la loi luxembourgeoise relative à la concurrence, Luxembourg-Kirchberg, 6 juin 2014)

415

Two themes were covered in the roundtable. The principle of ne bis in idem concerns the interplay between different procedures of sanctions of a public nature. The interplay between public and private enforcement has been considered in the draft damages directive and in the French case-law, (...)

Chris Fonteijn, Laurence Idot, William E. Kovacic Detection of anticompetitive practices: Should existing tools be revised or new tools introduced? Leniency, market surveys, financial reward... (New Frontiers of Antitrust, 21 février 2014, Paris)

578

This first roundtable of the conference “New frontiers of Antitrust”, Paris, 21 February 2014, was dedicated to the detection of anticompetitive practices. Although competition authorities are provided with significant investigative resources, the discussions goes on about the need to dispose of (...)

Carles Esteva Mosso, John Terzaken, Laurence Idot, Maurice E. Stucke Private enforcement: Will the wave be coming from Brussels, London, Paris or... elsewhere? (New Frontiers of Antitrust, Paris, 22 February 2013)

926

This third roundtable of the conference “New frontiers of Antitrust” (Paris, 22th of February 2013) was dedicated to "Private Enforcement, the wave does come from Brussels, London, Paris or elsewhere? ". In the first contribution, Laurence Idot, professor at the Paris II University, provides us (...)

Laurence Idot Social enterprises and competition law

510

The so-called Social Economy, including cooperatives, mutual societies, non-profit associations, foundations and social enterprises, provides a wide range of products and services across Europe and generates millions of jobs. In France, it represents 10 % of GDP. It is sometimes presented as a (...)

Laurence Idot The convergence of competition laws

1084

Convergence of antitrust laws has become a reality. This article provides a general view on this phenomenom both within the European Union and worldwide. Within the European Union, a paradoxical situation has arisen since, in spite of the “one stop shop system”, convergence is stronger in merger (...)

Laurence Idot Competition law and environmental protection

975

Unlike the position adopted by some specialists in environmental law, the author asserts that the Lisbon Treaty does not change the interplay between competition law and environmental law. Based on the latest developments, the article aims at showing that the control of enterprises by the (...)

Laurence Idot Soft law and competition law

603

The increasing development of soft law in competition law can be observed in every component (antitrust, merger control…) and within the whole European Union. The consequences of such a phenomenom shall be analysed both upstream on the process of creation of the rule, but also downstream, i.e. (...)

Laurence Idot The concept of undertaking in competition law

1164

This paper was presented at the University of Nice in the framework of a colloquium in the honor of Professor A. Pirovano. It studies the different uses of the concept of “undertaking” or “entrerpirse” in the different components of EU competition law with references to French law. 1. Alors que la (...)

David Miguel Ortega Pecina, Laurence Idot, Phil Evans, William E. Kovacic Consumers associations in competition proceedings: Why so little engagement? (New Frontiers of Antitrust Conference - Paris, 11 February 2011)

1231

This third roundtable of the conference "New frontiers of Antitrust", Paris, 11 February 2011, was dedicated to the role of consumers associations in competition proceedings. According to William E. Kovacic, Commissioner at the US Federal Trade Commission, competition and consumer protection (...)

Laurence Idot The role of competition authorities in European energy policy

1322

This text is the written version of a presentation limited to the competition policy made at the Paris colloquium of November 2010 on the "Energy Policy of the European Union". The purpose of the article is to study the action of the Commission and NCA, including the opening to competition in (...)

Dominique de Gramont, Jacqueline Riffault-Silk, Jean-Daniel Bretzner, Laurence Idot, Louis Martin, Marie-Hélène Huertas, Martine Behar-Touchais, Michel Ponsard, Muriel Chagny, Valérie Pironon, Yann Utzschneider Contractual practices and competition (Paris, October 25th 2010)

3021

This article reproduces the opening papers delivered at the AFEC conference on contractual practices and competition law in Paris on October 25, 2010. According to the Professor Chagny, the examination of the links between contractual practices and competition law lato sensu reveals (...)

Laurence Idot Arbitration and competition law

661

Competition authorities have recently discovered arbitration. OCDE’s Competition Policy Committee orgnanized in October 2010 a session on this topic. Arbitration may be used in two different contexts. In the field of private enforcement, arbitral tribunals may have the same role as ordinary (...)

Laurence Idot Due process and the art of fining: The French example

215

In this presentation made for the XVIII th ICF St Gallen Conference in the roundtable on "Due process and the art of fining", the author examines the French system. Unlike the European Commission, there is a clear cut within the French Competition Authority between the Investigation Services (...)

Antoine Winckler, Bo Vesterdorf, Douglas Miller, John M. Connor, Laurence Idot, Wouter Wils Sanctions: Is more always better? (New Frontiers of Antitrust Conference - Paris, 15th February 2010 - Panel III)

2849

Sanctions: Is more always better? Introduction Laurence IDOT Professeur à l’Université Paris II-Panthéon Assas Présidente du comité scientifique de Concurrences 1. Après les enquêtes et le rôle de l’économie comportementale dans l’appréciation des comportements, voici venu le temps des sanctions, (...)

Laurence Idot General overview on regulation n°1/2003

195

An exhaustif state of play on the Regulation n°1/2003 can not be drawn in the limited scope of this study, for that reason we will limit ourselves to the French situation. A first step of this study will necessarily be the technical aspect of the enforcement . A second aspect of this study is (...)

Laurence Idot Focus on "mutations" of State aid law

2643

State aid policy, a specificity of European Union law, is at the heart of the current financial and economic crisis. Although such an evolution could not have been foreseen, the review of this policy, in the context of the Lisbon strategy, has been at the heart of the EU Competition Policy (...)

Andrei Gurin, Catherine Brel, Jacqueline Riffault-Silk, Joseph Vogel, Laurence Idot, Marie Malaurie-Vignal, Muriel Chagny, Nicolas Guérin, Reine-Claude Mader Saussaye, Robert Saint-Esteben, Thibaud Vergé, Wilfried Guerrand Conference: Distribution on Internet and Antitrust (AFEC, Paris, 5 October 2009)

5320

Propos introductifs Laurence Idot Professeur, Universtité Paris II, Collège européen Directeur du Comité scientifique de Concurrences 1. Monsieur le Président du tribunal de commerce, Mesdames, Messieurs. Cette journée est une première et je m’en félicite. C’est en effet la première fois qu’un (...)

Laurence Idot The anticompetitive object is back...

4387

Recent case law from the Court of justice of the European Communities has casted doubts on the interpretation of the notion of anticompetitive object, in stern contrast with economic analysis which lead to greater attention given to the effect of anticompetitive practices. It is understood that (...)

Dominique Thesmar, Gilbert Parleani, Jean-Bertrand Drummen, Jean-Louis Fourgoux, Laurence Idot, Martine Behar-Touchais, Muriel Chagny, Valérie Michel Amsellem, Yann Utzschneider Colloque: Restrictive trade practices under the LME Act (AFEC, Paris, 6th October 2008)

4675

Propos introductifs Laurence Idot Professeur, Universtité Paris II, Collège européen Directeur du Comité scientifique de Concurrences Madame la Présidente, Mesdames, Messieurs, Chers amis, L’après-midi étant chargé, je ne vais pas aborder le fond du colloque, mais au nom de l’AFEC et en votre nom à (...)

Bruno Lasserre, Claude Lazarus, Francis Amand, Frédéric Jenny, Jean Courtial, Laurence Idot, Stanislas Martin, Thomas Hoehn Conference: Merger remedies under the new French regime (Paris, 18 12 2008)

4823

Depuis sa création en 2004, la revue Concurrences organise un colloque. Les thèmes abordés ont naturellement été variés : de l’adaptation du système français au règlement n° 1/2003 à la place de la concurrence dans le traité de Lisbonne en passant par les questions de banque et de finance et la réforme (...)

Alain Ménéménis, Arnaud Nuyts, Catherine Kessedjian, Catherine Prieto, Christophe Lapp, Claire Favre, Denis Mazeaud, Emmanuelle Claudel, Frédéric Jenny, Hélène Gaudemet-Tallon, Jean-Louis Fourgoux, Jean-Marc Kiviatkowski, Joelle Simon, Laurence Idot, Louis Vogel, Marie-Laure Niboyet, Michael Wilderspin, Rainer Becker, Soraya Amrani-Mekki, Yves Gaudemet Conference: The EC White Book on competition private enforcement (Paris, 13 06 2008)

6884

Alors que dans le système de mise en oeuvre des articles 81 et 82 CE issu du règlement n° 17/62, il était usuel de distinguer l’application de ces textes, d’une part, par la Commission, d’autre part, par les autorités et juridictions nationales, ce qui conduisait à privilégier un critère formel fondé (...)

David Sevy, Frédéric Jenny, Jérôme Philippe, John Kallaugher, Kay Parplies, Laurence Idot, Luc Gyselen Anticompetitive foreclosure and the coherence of competition policy towards vertical restraints

6500

Recent case law of the European Courts, the recent guidelines of the European Commission on non-horizontal mergers, the decisional practice of the European Commission as well as that of various national competition authorities and courts seem to focus on the possible anticompetitive foreclosure (...)

Laurence Idot Competition policy and the return of the State: Are States two-sided ?

4713

Y-a-t-il une contradiction entre la volonté de « mobiliser la concurrence comme nouveau levier de croissance », qui apparaît dans l’intitulé du titre II de la loi de modernisation de l’économie, dite loi LME, et la série de mesures adoptées ces dernières semaines, tant dans l’Union européenne qu’outre (...)

Bruno Lasserre, David Sevy, David Tayar, Jacques-Philippe Gunther, Laurence Idot Conference: EC and French antitrust negotiated proceedings - "Transaction" & Commitments

7504

Présentation Laurence Idot Professeur, Universtité Paris II, Collège européen Directeur du Comité scientifique de Concurrences 1. C’est en qualité de responsable du comité scientifique de la revue Concurrences qu’il m’a été demandé de faire la présentation de cette matinée. J’avoue avoir en partie (...)

Laurence Idot, Robert Saint-Esteben, Valérie Michel Amsellem Laurence IDOT, University Paris II Panthéon-Assas - Valérie MICHEL-AMSELLEM, French Civil Supreme Court - Robert SAINT-ESTEBEN, Bredin Prat: Reform of French competition law

9251

Début 2007, la revue Concurrences avait publié les entretiens croisés des deux principaux candidats à l’élection présidentielle française . Mme Ségolène Royal et M. Nicolas Sarkozy avait alors accepté de contribuer au débat en répondant à une série de questions portant sur le droit interne et communautaire (...)

Laurence Idot Public tenders and competition law

7015

1. L’intitulé de cette communication appelle quelques observations liminaires. L’expression “commande publique” a été préférée à celle plus ancienne de “marchés publics”. Cette expression tend à s’imposer dans la terminologie juridique française en ce qu’elle permet de rendre compte de l’évolution du droit des (...)

Laurence Idot Conference - "Competition law and the Lisbon Treaty": Conclusions

5317

Dans le programme initial, il était prévu que Frédéric Jenny tire les conclusions de cette matinée. Comme vous avez pu le constater, nous avons interverti les rôles, Frédéric Jenny étant intervenu en introduction*. Indéniablement, j’ai perdu dans l’échange, car il est particulièrement difficile de faire (...)

Laurence Idot The investigation powers of National Competition Authorities

284

The “procedural autonomy principle” leads to the application of national laws to Investigation powers of National Competition Authorities. The purpose of the article is to examine the consequences of the entry into force of the Regulation 1/2003. In the vertical relation (EU law/national law), it (...)

Laurence Idot Banking, Finance and Competition: Conclusions*

3636

* This article by Professor Laurence Idot concludes the "Banking, Finance and Competition" symposium organized by the Concurrences Review and the RTDF Journal that was held on the 30th November 2006 in Paris. The oral style has been kept in this brief conclusion. 1. C’est un avantage (...)

Benoît Merkt, Christian Bovet, Constantine Partasides, Dámaso Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer, François Knoepfler, Laurence Burger, Laurence Idot Arbitration, competition law and public order

10984

EC Regulation n° 1/2003 increased the role of arbitrators, ordinary law judges of competition, in the same way than states judges. The meeting between arbitration and competition law nonetheless arises some particular issues due to a natural antagonism between the public order character of (...)

Antoine Gosset-Grainville, Denis Samuel Lajeunesse, François Souty, Frédéric Jenny, Guillaume Cerutti, Hubert Legal, Jacques Barrot, Jacques Derenne, Jacques-Philippe Gunther, Jean-Patrice de La Laurencie, Jean-Yves Chérot, Laurence Idot, Marc van Hoof, Marie-Dominique Hagelsteen, Nicolas Pesaresi, Valérie Rabassa, Xavier de Roux Conference: The EC State Aid Reform (Paris, 8 December 2005)

10470

Les actes de ce colloque reprennent l’organisation en deux temps des travaux. Dans un premier temps, sont étudiés les deux grands axes de la réforme: Sur le plan substantiel, l’objectif de la réforme communautaire est d’introduire également en cette matière une analyse plus économique des aides. (...)

Laurence Idot Tying after Microsoft and GE Honeywell

8906

Laurence IDOT, Professeur à l’Université Paris I-Panthéon/Sorbonne L’examen des ventes liées, pratiques de jumelage et de couplage, alimente depuis plusieurs années une littérature économique particulièrement abondante, mais les affaires Microsoft et GE/Honeywell ont relancé les débats. Ces décisions (...)

Frédéric Jenny, Laurence Idot, Nicolas Charbit Competitions !

7051

Concurrences. L’utilisation du pluriel ne répond pas seulement à un effet de mode. En Europe, le droit de la concurrence, ce n’est pas seulement le droit communautaire, mais également les droits nationaux des 25 Etats membres de l’Union européenne et au-delà de l’Espace économique européen. Ce n’est (...)

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