Loïc Grard

CRDEI - Centre de Recherche et de Documentation Européennes et Internationales, Université Bordeaux IV
Professor / Director of the CRDEI

Loïc Grard is a Professor of Public Law and Director of both the Department of "Law Science Politics Economy Management" and the European and International Research and Documentation Center (CRDEI) at the University of Bordeaux. He holds the Chair of Jean Monnet and is in charge of the Center of Excellence Jean Monnet, in the partnership with the European Documentation and Research Center of Bayonne and the Institut d’Etudes Politiques of Bordeaux. He is the author of many publications in the field of the competition law, the economy law, the transport law, and the European and international law in general.

Articles

20029 Bulletin

Loïc Grard The Paris Court of Appeal holds that State aid’s control is of the EC Commission’s exclusive competence and that a plaintif can not rely on Art. 87.1 EC before a national authority since this article has no direct effect (National Forest Office / Germain Environnement)

4416

The equipment and arrangement of French forests is the main activity of the French National Forest Office (Office National des Forêts, ONF), which is an industrial and commercial public establishment managing 85% of the French forests. The Germain environnement LTD which is active in the (...)

Loïc Grard A French Tribunal in charge of social security cases applied to the ECJ for a preliminary ruling asking whether a taxation’s exemption can be considered as not constituting State aid but mere compensation of public service costs (Ferring)

4686

The important case law of the ECJ often finds its origin in a preliminary question raised by national judges of first instance (e. g. ECJ, April 30th, 1986, Asjes a. o., Joined Cases 209/84 209/84, 210/84, 211/84, 212/84, 213/84 and 213/84, [1986] ECR 1425, “Nouvelles Frontières”, preliminary (...)

Loïc Grard The French State Council rejected the direct effect of Art. 87 EC and excluded “automatic” notification to the EC Commission of situations likely to be regarded as State aid (“La vache à lait qui refuse de se laisser traire”)

4338

This judgment is less known for its contribution in State aid law than because of the title of the applicant. None of its solutions is innovative. But for a long time, the absence of direct effect of ex-Article 92 EC (now Article 87 EC) and the office of the national judge on the basis of (...)

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