Casto Gonzalez-Paramo

Hogan Lovells (Madrid)
Lawyer (Partner)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo heads the Competition practice of Hogan Lovells in Madrid. He has a masters’ degree in European Union law at the Carlos III University of Madrid. Casto has worked as external advisor for the Internal Market General Directorate of the European Commission. He advises on all aspects of EU and Spanish competition law (cartels, abuses of dominance, mergers and State aid). Casto has also extensive experience in regulated industries (energy, telecoms, postal services, pharmaceutical industry). He regularly assists clients in developing compliance programmes and provides in-house training on different competition matters. He teaches competition law at the Carlos III University and has published regularly on EU and Spanish law issues.

Linked authors

Allianz (Brussels)
University of Harvard - Law School (Cambridge)
Linklaters (Madrid)

Articles

86780 Bulletin

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sara Salvador The Spanish Competition Authority fines five ferry operators for participating in a cartel on the freight and passenger maritime transport in the Balearic Islands (Navieras Baleares)

284

On 23 February 2012, the Council of the Spanish Competition Commission (the “Council”, the “SCC”) imposed combined fines of up to €54 million on Balearia Eurolíneas Marítimas, S.A. ("Balearia"), Compañía Transmediterránea, S.A.("Transmediterránea"), Isleña Marítima de Contenedores, S.A. ("Iscomar"), (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sara Salvador The Spanish Competition Authority reaches a settlement agreement with the Spanish federation of municipalities and provinces and four professional associations of architects and industrial engineers (Convenios FEMP-Consejos Superiores de Colegios)

225

On 28 December 2011, the Council of the Spanish Competition Commission (the «Council«, the «SCC«) decided to accept the commitments that had been previously submitted by the Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (Federación Española de Municipios y Provincias,«FEMP«), the Spanish (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sara Salvador The Spanish Competition Authority fines electricity distributors for abusing their dominant positions in the power distribution market by restricting competition in the neighboring market for the provision of electrical installation services (Unión Fenosa and Hidrocantábrico)

432

On 20 September 2011, the Council of the Spanish Competition Commission (hereinafter «the Council«, «the SCC«) imposed a combined fine of €2,313,000 on electricity distributors Unión Fenosa Distribución, S.A. («Unión Fenosa«) and Hidrocantábrico Distribución Eléctrica, S.A.U. («Hidrocantábrico«) for (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sara Salvador The Spanish Competition Authority fines an association in the canned food industry for implementing a collective recommendation of prices for the sector (ANFACO, Conserveras)

925

On 31 March 2010, the Council of the Spanish Competition Commission (hereinafter “the Council”, “the NCC”) imposed a fine of € 100,000 on the Natonal Canned Food Association (“Asociación Nacional de Fabricantes de Conservas y Mariscos”) (“ANFACO”, “the Association”) for implementing a collective (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sara Salvador The Spanish Competition Authority clears the acquisition of sole control of a rival TV channel subject to remedies (TV Channel Cuatro/Telecinco)

590

On 28 October 2010, after a long and complex process, the Council of the National Competition Commission ("the NCC") authorised the acquisition by the TV operator Gestevisión Telecinco, S.A. ("Telecinco") of sole control of rival TV channel Cuatro in a decision that has had an important impact (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Rosana Aragón Plaza‏ The Spanish Competition Authority fines the five major producers of bath and shower gel for a price-fixing cartel in its first successful leniency case (Fabricantes de gel)

2390

On 21 January 2009, the Council of the Spanish Competition Authority (Consejo de la Comisión Nacional de la Competencia, hereinafter the “Council”) sanctioned the four largest Spanish manufacturers of bath and shower gel. i.e. Puig Beauty & Fashion Group, S.L. ("Puig"), Sara Lee Household and (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Competition Commission publishes a report on competition within the automotive fuel sector (Informe sobre la competencia en el sector de carburantes de automoción)

1118

On 3 September 2009, the Spanish Competition Commission published a Report on competition within the automotive fuel sector in Spain (the "Report"). The Report analyses in detail the competitive structure of the retail market in Spain (level of competition, entry barriers, regulation, etc). Its (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Competition Authority acquits three telecom operators of alleged anticompetitive practices consisting in parallel increasing mobile phone rates (Teléfonos Móviles - Telefónica, Vodafone, France Telecom )

2642

On 2 July 2009, the Council of the Spanish Competition Authority (Consejo de la Comisión Nacional de la Competencia, hereinafter the “Council of the CNC”) concluded that the increase of the mobile phone rates implemented in parallel by Telefónica Móviles España, S.A.U. ("Telefonica"), Vodafone (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Competition Authority fines electricity distributors € 35,8 million for abusing their dominant position on the power commercialisation market (Centrica / Electra de Viesgo / Endesa / Union Fenosa)

2061

On 2 April 2009, the Council of the Spanish Competition Authority (Consejo de la Comisión Nacional de la Competencia, hereinafter the “Council of the CNC”) imposed fines of a total amount of EUR 35 million upon Endesa Distribución , Iberdrola Distribución , Union Fenosa Distribución and Viesgo (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Superior Court of Justice of the Basque Country sets the criteria to consider a regional tax measure as State aid (Companies’ tax (I))

1864

Factual Background: Appeal by the region of Castilla and Leon against the fiscal regional Law of Biscay 6/2007 (hereinafter, "Law 6/2007"), which modified three articles of the Companies’ tax regional Law of Biscay in order to grant tax benefits to companies located in the region of Biscay (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Supreme Court of Justice of the Basque Country clarifies the scope of application of the special tax regime of the Basque Country (Arbegui)

1667

Factual Background: Appeal by a company located in Vizcaya (the "Company") against a judgement by the Economic-Administrative Court of Vizcaya dated 18 September 2006 confirming the refusal of the Company’s tax settlement by the Regional Tax Office of Vizcaya ("RTOB") due to an illegal tax (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Supreme Court declares that an aid scheme may not be suspended if a final decision on the illegality of such aid scheme has not been issued (Regional Administration of Vizcaya)

1060

Factual Background: Appeal by the Regional Administration of Vizcaya and the Chamber of Trade, Industry and Sailing of Bilbao (the "Appellants") against two writs of the Superior Court of Justice of the Basque Country temporarily suspending the regional Decree of Vizcaya 10/2006 on Companies’ (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish competition commission issues a report on professional services and associations (Informe sobre el sector de servicios profesionales y los colegios profesionales)

1909

Introduction The Spanish Competition Commission (Comisión Nacional de la Competencia, hereinafter, the "CNC") has recently published a report on the competition problems detected within professional services and associations (the "Report"). The Report follows the announcement by the Spanish (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Administrative Legal Organ of Alava allows the deferment and break up of a State aid recovery payment (Local Administration of Alava)

1864

Brief description of the facts and legal issues: Appeal before the Administrative Legal Organ of Alava (the "ALOA") by a company against a decision of the Local Administration of Alava ("LAA") refusing the deferment and break up of the recovery of a State aid and requiring the immediate (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Supreme Court confirms recovery of a State aid granted by way of a central Government subscription in the shares of the beneficiary (Mediterráneo Técnica Textil)

1696

Factual Background: Appeal by the Central Government against a judgement given by the Regional Audience of Seville (the "Judgement") refusing its right to recover a State aid which had previously been declared illegal and incompatible with the Common Market by the European Commission. The (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Superior Court of Justice of Catalonia confirms an aid scheme applicable to an employment project (Department de Treball i Industria)

1572

Factual Background: Appeal by the Association Taula D’Entitats del Tercer Sector Social de Catalunya (the "Association") against Regional Decree 81/2005 of Catalonia ("Decree 81/2005") on State aids for the creation of employment in new economic sectors. Decree 81/2005 excluded non-profit (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Supreme Court annuls the Canary Islands aid scheme for the creation of a public service of maritime cabotage for being discriminative (Garajonay Expres)

1397

Brief description of the facts and legal issues: Appeal before the Supreme Court by the Government of the Canary Islands and an individual (the “Appellants”) against a judgement of the Superior Court of Justice of the Canary Islands (the “Court”) declaring the scheme of aids for the creation of a (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Supreme Court confirms the annulment of a provision which had not been included in the notification of an aid scheme to the European Commission (Eólica Navarra)

1562

Factual Background: Appeal by the Government of Navarra against the judgement of the Superior Court of Justice of Navarra of 7 February 2005 (the "Appealed Judgment") annulling a provision of the regional Decree of Navarra 91/2003 on aids to investment and employment in projects of use of (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo The Spanish Competition Commission re-opens proceedings against financial institutions for allegedly subordinating the granting of mortgages to the subscription of other insurance related services (Entidades de crédito)

3369

On 12 December, 2007, the Investigatory Directorate of the National Competition Commission ("IDNCC") formally re-opened a sanctioning proceeding against several banks and saving banks for allegedly conditioning the concession of mortgages to the subscription of certain guarantees (life (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo The Spanish Competition Court imposes fines of € 24 M on regional saving banks for collusive agreements aimed at allocating territories and coordinating their commercial strategies (Caja Vital, BBK, Kutxa, CAN)

2712

Following the publication in the Spanish economic press in 2005 of information relating to the potential existence of a territorial market allocation agreement between certain regional savings banks in the North-East of Spain, the Spanish Servicio de Defensa de la Competencia ("the Service") (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Superior Court of Justice of Madrid denies tax exemption for a compensation for dismissal which had been paid with a State aid (Central Administration)

1724

Factual Background: Appeal by a worker who voluntarily accepted to be paid compensation for dismissal by joining employment regulation proceedings ("ERP"). The funding for the ERP came from state aid. The worker subsequently claimed compensation for unfair dismissal. The appeal was rejected by (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Supreme Court brings a preliminary question before the ECJ on State aid issue relating to obligatory investments for the financing in advance of European and Spanish cinematographic and TV films (Unión de Televisiones Comerciales Asociadas)

1819

Factual Background: An appeal before the Supreme Court by the Union of Associated Commercial Televisions ("UACT") against Royal Decree 1652/2004 on obligatory investments for the financing in advance of European and Spanish cinematographic and TV films ("Royal Decree 1652/2004") on the grounds (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish National Audience confirms the incompatibility between different types of national regional aid to agriculture (Grupo Kalise Menorquina)

1274

Brief description of the facts and legal issues: A company brought an appeal before the National Audience against a decision of the Ministry of Economy refusing the granting of a State aid for regional incentives. The Ministry of Economy’s refusal was based on the fact that the appellant’s (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo The Spanish Competition Court sanctions a beer producer for imposing minimum purchasing obligations and limiting competing advertising in its distribution contracts (Cervezas Canarias 2)

4169

Competition Authority (Tribunal de defense de la competencia), 12 March 2007, Compañía Cervercera de Canarias (Cervezas Canarias 2), Case n° 614/06 Cervezas Anaga S.A (hereinafter, "Anaga"), a brewer from the Canary Islands, lodged a complaint before the Spanish Servicio de Defensa de la (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish National Audience authorises partial recovery of training aid whose use had not been justified by way of receipts by the beneficiary (Finafor, S.L.)

1611

Factual Background: The National Institute of Employment ("NIE") granted a State aid to a company (the “Beneficiary”), which committed itself to the implementation of a training plan (the "Training Plan"). The State Aid was paid in advance and following that payment, the NIE found out that the (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo The Spanish Competition Court fines a power generating company for abusing its dominant position by artificially raising the prices of the Spanish electricity pool (Viesgo Generación)

4347

The Spanish National Energy Commission (Comisión Nacional de la Energía, “the CNE”), submitted on 11 July and 11 November 2003 two reports to the Spanish Service for Defence of Competition (“the Service”) regarding about the conclusions of two investigations carried out to determine the reasons (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Superior Court of Justice of Castilla and Leon states the conditions for a company restructuring plan to fall within the State aids regime (Instituto Nacional de Empleo)

1610

Factual Background: The National Employment Institute refused to grant unemployment benefits to a worker who had been made redundant within the framework of his company’s restructuring plan. The claimant received compensation for dismissal, which raised his income over the threshold of the (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Superior Court of Justice of the Canary Islands authorises recovery of a State aid granted and paid to a company for breaching its contract of public services (Servicio regular La Gomera)

1661

Factual Background: Appeal by the Town Hall of La Gomera against a judgment of the Court of Santa Cruz de Tenerife annulling two resolutions which ordered the recovery of a State aid granted and paid in advance to a company rendering public coastal shipping services in La Gomera. The Town Hall (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Superior Court of Justice of Asturias authorises partial revocation of a subsidy to comply with EU guidelines on national regional aid (La Rasa de Onao)

1647

Factual Background: Appeal by a company which had previously benefited from a State aid (the "Beneficiary") against a decision by the Regional Administration of Asturias (the “RAA”) of 16 February 2004 granting only 55% (and not 100%, as initially agreed) on the amount invested in the (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo The Spanish Competition Court fines an association of travel agencies and the major national airlines for collusive agreements aimed at fixing the fees charged for the emission of airplane tickets (Agencias de viaje)

6186

In January 2004, the Spanish press released details regarding a series of agreements between the Spanish travel agencies, represented by the Cúpula Asociativa de Agencias de Viaje Españolas (hereinafter,"CAAVE"), and the three major Spanish airlines, - Iberia, Spanair and Air Europa (hereinafter, (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish National Audience confirms that a company may not be granted two types of European Union funding (Agro Conserveros Extremeños Vegas Bajas)

1638

Factual Background: An appeal by a company against the Ministry of Economy’s decision to refuse the grant of State aid on the grounds that it had already received aid with which it was incompatible. The Ministry of Economy declared that the European Guidelines on aid in the agricultural sector (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo The Spanish Competition Court declares null and void an exclusive agreement to provide on-line gambling services since it would create a de facto monopoly which would foreclose the market (Bingo Simultaneo, AEAM/Red Madrid)

2814

The Asociación de Empresarios de Azar de Madrid (hereinafter, “the AEAM”), an association of owners of gambling centres -in particular bingo - in the Madrid area, lodged on 18 June 2003 a complaint before the Spanish Servicio de Defensa de la Competencia (“the Servicio”) against the Red de (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo, Sonia Perez Romero The Spanish Supreme Court annuls an aid scheme to shipbuilding in Galicia which had not been notified to the European Commission (Government of Galicia)

1804

Factual Background: Appeal by the Central Administration against the regional Decree of Galicia 217/1994 on aids for the shipbuilding sector ("Decree 217/1994"), on the grounds that it represented a State aid scheme that had not been notified to the European Commission before being passed. The (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo A Spanish Commercial Court establishes that a collecting society did not abuse its dominant position by refusing to provide special rates to a pay-TV digital platform (Canal Satélite Digital - DTS / SGAE)

5083

Canal Satélite Digital, SL (hereinafter, “CSD”), the only pay-TV digital platform currently operating in Spain, and DTS Distribuidora de TV Digital (“DTS”) (together, the “Complainants”) lodged a claim against the collecting society Sociedad General de Autores y Editores (“SGAE“) for an alleged (...)

Casto Gonzalez-Paramo The Spanish Competition Court holds that car manufacturers with a market share below 30% may freely choose the members of their distribution or repair and maintenance network (Citröen)

7469

Background The Agrupación de Agentes y Servicios Oficiales Citröen de Cataluña (hereinafter, “the ASOCC”), an association of the repair shops integrated in the repair and maintenance services’ network of Citröen in the region of Cataluña, lodged on 1 October 2003 a complaint before the Spanish (...)

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